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Opinion & Analysis

Golf Training Aids: Do They Ever Actually Work?



Swing gadgets and training aids have been around in some form or another since… forever, I suppose. Some are really good, while others are really bad. Some serve a specific problem and some are more universal in their intent. Do they work? It’s a fair question.

If I had to choose the one thing that has amazed me more thing else over the years, it’s how ingenious and creative golfers are. Golfers are really adept at finding the golf ball. By hook or crook, if they play enough, they will find a way to put the club on the ball. This is a skill called “proprioception,” and it also plays a huge part in the inconsistency of golfers and their related inability to score better.

Here’s why: A compensatory move in the downswing that corrects a faulty position in the backswing is ingenious… but also costly. When the golf club gets to the top of the swing out of position, golfers — especially those who play often — will adjust the club coming down to find a way (any way) to get the golf club on the golf ball. This happens at all levels, of course, including the top players in the world.

Let’s consider some swing positions that have to be re-routed in the downswing:

  • A golf club that is “laid off” at the top of the swing is effectively outside the hands. It has to be brought back into line to avoid shanking and hitting the heel.
  •  A golf club that is across the line at the top is effectively inside the hands, and it has to be brought back into line to avoid hitting off the toe.
  • A golf clubface that is wide open at the top of the swing has to be closed coming into impact.
  • A golf clubface that is too closed at the top of the swing has to be opened on the way down to square it.

And in transition…

  • A golf club that starts down too steeply has to be flattened to get it into a better incline to come down into the golf ball.
  • A hand path that goes out to start the downswing requires a fall back inside to get the bottom of the arc to the ball.
  • A hand path that is vertical or tight coming down requires a club head that is swinging more out than down to avoid hitting the toe.

Swing trainers are designed for a specific purpose often miss the cause of the swing flaw and attempt to re-train the fault itself. Consider the example of getting way ahead of the ball. Most of the time, golfers who run ahead of the ball do so because they release the club far too early. The movement ahead is to avoid hitting the ground behind the ball. Well, if you find a device that helps you stay behind the ball better and you still release too early, guess what happens? Fat shots, of course. Conversely, if you find a device that helps you hold the angle a little longer and you continue to run ahead of it… well, you guessed it. Skulls and late tops.

Another: Let’s say you find a device that helps you get off the rear foot into impact. It’s one designed to help you get “through the ball” better. Well, if you were “hanging back” because the golf club is coming down far too steeply and you simply improve the “turn-through” motion, you will hit the ball fat, late, and sometimes shank it. Why? Because the steep transition was not corrected. So you’re off your back foot, that’s alright, but if your club face is wide open and you’re steep into impact, you’ll likely also be really late. That means a lot of thin shots and some shanks.

And Another: You find a device that helps you stop coming over the top, and you’re able to get the club more inside coming down. Great… but a lot of over-the-toppers shift their weight to the back foot in order to get the bottom of the swing arc near the ball. In fact, many single-digit handicaps have this move! You see, if you’re over the top, you’re moving the bottom of the arc forward. Many more experienced golfers feel this, and instinctively they shift their weight back to get the golf club to bottom out a little earlier.

See the point?

If the root cause of your swing issue is not corrected, the device that’s designed to correct the reaction is not enough. The bottom line is you have to correct the core swing issue to eventually avoid the reaction. Work with an instructor to help you identify the root cause and go from there.

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Dennis Clark is a PGA Master Professional. Clark has taught the game of golf for more than 30 years to golfers all across the country, and is recognized as one of the leading teachers in the country by all the major golf publications. He is also is a seven-time PGA award winner who has earned the following distinctions: -- Teacher of the Year, Philadelphia Section PGA -- Teacher of the Year, Golfers Journal -- Top Teacher in Pennsylvania, Golf Magazine -- Top Teacher in Mid Atlantic Region, Golf Digest -- Earned PGA Advanced Specialty certification in Teaching/Coaching Golf -- Achieved Master Professional Status (held by less than 2 percent of PGA members) -- PGA Merchandiser of the Year, Tri State Section PGA -- Golf Professional of the Year, Tri State Section PGA -- Presidents Plaque Award for Promotion and Growth of the Game of Golf -- Junior Golf Leader, Tri State section PGA -- Served on Tri State PGA Board of Directors Clark is also former Director of Golf and Instruction at Nemacolin Woodlands Resort. He now directs his own school, The Dennis Clark Golf Academy at the JW Marriott Marco Island in Naples, Fla.. He can be reached at



  1. anthony aguilar

    Oct 25, 2017 at 1:51 pm

    A great training club will instantly give you correct feel and feedback every time you use it. A great training aid will show your flaws and showing you make a pure stroke.It will give you great Rhythm and timing so you can repeat itself and shoot your lowest score ever. Putting alone is almost half your score! see

  2. Dennis clark

    Sep 27, 2017 at 8:53 pm

    Moguls , simple mounds of dirt are some of the very best training aids one can use. And there is always one available.

  3. chinchbugs

    Sep 27, 2017 at 10:22 am

    I gave this a like and didn’t even read it purely based on the excellent photo choice used for the cover. Well done!

  4. larrybud

    Sep 27, 2017 at 7:28 am

    Absolutely spot on, and I was a training aid collector (some bought, some home built) before I understood that if you don’t fix the root cause, you’ll just revert back to your old habits.

    So to those training aids which “force” your body into a certain position, those don’t work. But I have had aids, such as a putting mirror, which gives me feedback which I then fix myself (such as poor shoulder alignment at setup), which lasts a long time. To expand on that:

    My problem was I would cut across the ball. I tried a device which would control the path of my putter, and it worked when I used the device. But take me off of it, and in 4 or 5 strokes I would revert back. Why? Because I didn’t fix the root cause of the issue, which was poor shoulder alignment. The device was just artificially creating the proper path of the putter rather than fixing why that putter had a bad path to begin with.

    • Gearhead

      Sep 27, 2017 at 11:25 am

      The root cause is that you’re human, and just not very good at the game, no matter what you try. lol

      • LD

        Sep 27, 2017 at 12:22 pm

        Your first sentence was spot-on, and then you had to needlessly throw in an insult.

        • Gearhead

          Sep 28, 2017 at 3:05 am

          Idiot, it’s human to thrown in insults. Where would we be without it

  5. OB

    Sep 26, 2017 at 10:57 pm

    Before you can utilize any golf training aid that attempts to help you hit the ball you must first prepare your body with general conditioning. If your body is not properly conditioned any sport-specific training aid will not work… plain and simple.
    Golfers want to cheat and go directly into sport-specific training and avoid general conditioning which takes a lot of time and consistent effort for physical preparation. Golfers who want to believe some training contraption will fix their swing are gullible. They buy the gizmo, try it a few times and then run to the golf course/range to see what will happen. Squat happens because their body is not conditioned for proprioceptive activity. IOW, they are too decrepit to swing consistently after training with these gizmos.

  6. Caroline

    Sep 26, 2017 at 6:18 pm

    do they work, yes they do, for the better not always…I played to a 11 15 years ago playing from a open stance and hitting every club with a little fade…then on vacation I saw an add for a “swing Magic club”, did it work, well yes and no after practicing with it at home for hours because it just felt neat I went out for my first round with this neat feeling I had gained…first shot a nine iron on a short par 3, first hook I had seen in years, right out of bounds…ok no more open stance, second 9 iron hooked right out of bounds…finished the day loosing 8 golf balls where I never loose any…15 years later still cannot find that fade I had and cannot get down from a 16…..

  7. HeineyLite

    Sep 26, 2017 at 3:56 pm

    When used for feedback and working slowly on your swing…

  8. JE

    Sep 26, 2017 at 12:33 pm

    Do you have a golf watch?

  9. WFWP

    Sep 26, 2017 at 12:19 pm

    Hello Dennis,
    Your reasoning for the limited application of swing aids can be applied to swing drills, too. Drills and swing aids need to be used with understanding and technique to create positive changes. There are many skills to develop to produce a reliable swing. Calling “proprioception” a skill is a stretch since it is simplification of the bodies dynamic mental and physical system of coordinating movement (, retrieved 2017). Developing awareness of the movement of the hands arms, torso, core, feet and legs are skills, which improve proprioception. In my opinion, having awareness of the clubhead (14 clubs) in golf is the challenge for the proprioceptive system as the club is an external component. I agree: equilibrium, safety and pain avoidance create adaptive moves in golf as well as other sports activities, so seeking guidance from a skilled individual is important to obtaining safety, efficiency and performance potential. However, certain swing aids and drills have wide reaching benefits and have stood the test of time.

    • Dennis Clark

      Sep 26, 2017 at 2:09 pm

      No question Jon; some training aids are very effective and work across a wide spectrum. Particularly those that assist in getting to the player to the top of the swing effectively. In my experience compensating moves are the result of a poor club face, poor plane or direction or a misdirected center of pressure. The training aids that help us to the top are great for reducing the amount of compensation coming down. Golfer are VERY creative, VERY creative in avoiding the horrible shot! Thx for reading…

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Opinion & Analysis

How valuable is hitting the fairway, really?



Hitting more than 50 percent of fairways has long been considered a good goal for amateur golfers. The winners on the PGA Tour tend to hit 70 percent. I have long maintained, however, that it is not the number of fairways HIT that matters. Instead, it is the relative severity of fairways MISSED.

Think about it. By the one-dimensional Fairways Hit stat, every miss is the same. A perfect lie in the first cut is exactly the same as a drive in a hazard… or even OB. There is nothing in the 650+ PGA Tour stats about this. In all, there are 60 stats in seven categories that relate to driving performance, but none about penalties! Like PGA Tour players don’t make any?

Let’s see exactly how important the old tried-and-true Driving Accuracy (Percentage of Fairways Hit) really is. To test it, I used two data clusters: the 2017 PGA Tour season (14,845 ShotLink rounds) and my database for the average male golfer (15 to 19 handicappers – 4,027 rounds).

For the graph below, I started with the No. 1-ranked player in the Driving Accuracy category: Ryan Armour. He certainly was accurate by this measure, but why did he only rank 100th in 2017 Strokes Gained Off the Tee with a barely positive 0.020?

Next I looked at the actual top-5 PGA Tour money winners (J. Thomas, J Spieth, D. Johnson, H. Matsuyama and J. Rohm), the 2017 PGA Tour average, and all PGA Tour players that missed the cut in 2017. We all know the significant scoring differences between these three categories of players, but it’s difficult to see a meaningful difference in the fairways hit. They’re not even separated by half a fairway. How important could this stat be?

For those that have not tried, our analysis includes Strokes Gained and Relative Handicap comparisons. That enables users to easily differentiate between FIVE MISS categories below based upon severity. The final three categories are what we consider to be Driving Errors:

  1. Good lie/Opportunity: One can easily accomplish their next goal of a GIR or advancement on a par-5.
  2. Poor Lie/Opportunity: One could accomplish the next goal, but it will require a very good shot.
  3. No Shot: Requires an advancement to return to normal play.
  4. Penalty-1: Penalty with a drop.
  5. OB/Lost: Stroke and distance penalty, or shot replayed with a stroke penalty.

As we are fortunate enough to work with several PGA Tour players at Shot by Shot, we have access to ShotLink data and can provide those clients with the same valuable insight.

Let’s see how the frequency and severity of driving errors relates to the above groups of players (removing Mr. Armour, as he simply helped us prove the irrelevance of Driving Accuracy). The graphs below display the number of Driving Errors per round and the Average Cost Per Error. Note the strong and consistent correlation between the number and the cost of errors at each of the four levels of performance.

Finally, the average cost of the errors is heavily driven by the three degrees of severity outlined above (No Shot, Penalty, OB/Lost). The graph below compares the relative number and cost of the three types of errors for the average golfer and PGA Tour players. The major difference is that PGA Tour players do not seem to have a proper share of OB/Lost penalties. I found only TWO in the 14,000+ ShotLink rounds. While I accept that the most severe faux pas are significantly less frequent on the PGA Tour, I also believe there must have been more than two.

Why so few? First and foremost, PGA Tour players REALLY ARE good. Next, the galleries stop a lot of the wayward shots. And finally, I believe that many of the ShotLink volunteer data collectors may not actually know or care about the difference between a Penalty and OB/Lost.

Author’s Note: If you want to know your Strokes Gained Off the Tee (Driving) and exactly how important your fairways and the misses are, log onto for a 1-Round FREE Trial.

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Opinion & Analysis

Yo GolfWRX: “Are you betting on Tiger Woods to win the Masters?” (Bonus: A March Madness-inspired shot attempt)



Equipment expert Brian Knudson and Editor Andrew Tursky discuss a variety of topics including Tiger Woods being the favorite at The Masters. Also, a Fujikura Pro 2.0 shaft unboxing, Knudson paints the new TG2 studio, and Tursky tries to go viral during March Madness season.

Enjoy the video below!

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Opinion & Analysis

Tiger shoots opening-round 68 at Bay Hill, is now the Masters betting favorite



It’s happening. Tiger Woods is playing good golf, and the Masters hype train is full-steam ahead. After opening at 100-1 odds to win the Masters, Tiger is now the favorite to win at Augusta in 2018, according to Jeff Sherman, an oddsmaker for (according to his Twitter bio).

After 9 holes (he started on the back nine) at the 2018 Arnold Palmer Invitational at Bay Hill — where Tiger has won eight times — he was sitting at 3-under par. What also happened at that time was Sherman updated Tiger as the favorite to win the Masters. Clearly, bettors and Tiger fans had seen all they needed to see in order to put their money down on him winning another Green Jacket in 2018.

Related: See the clubs in Tiger’s bag

On the course’s third hole, however, with water looming left, Tiger hit a foul ball with a 3-wood off the tee and later realized the shot had gone out-of-bounds. Tiger was hot under the collar after hearing the news, and he threw his 3-wood headcover backwards in disgust as he started walking back to the tee to reload. He salvaged double-bogey, and he then made three more birdies coming home to complete his 4-under par round of 68; one of the birdies was a 71-footer after which all Tiger could do was smile.

Woods currently sits in a tie for fifth place, just two shots behind the leader Henrik Stenson.

Can Tiger win at Bay Hill for the ninth time? Will you bet on Tiger as the favorite to win at the Masters? Will Tiger win the Masters?

The questions above would have seemed ridiculous to ask just a month ago, but they’re now legitimate. Welcome back to the spotlight, Tiger.

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19th Hole