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Like to take video of your swing? Read this first



Video is a great tool for teaching and learning golf. It replaced the naked eye in golf instruction, and is used by teachers world wide. A video of a golf swing can show us a lot about what a player is doing, particularly with the body motion. But a word of caution is in order when relying on it exclusively to see the golf swing.

First, we have to consider something called parallax. Because of the design of my car’s speedometer, I can see that I’m driving a certain speed when I’m sitting in the driver’s seat. But the person riding shotgun looks at my speedometer and says: “Take it easy, you’re doing 70 in a 55 mph zone,” because that’s what it looks like from where that person it sitting sitting. That’s a parallax: two different perspectives of the same picture. And we have to be really careful of this when looking at a golf swing on video. Just by moving the camera a few feet left or right, we can skew the picture of the swing we’re looking at. It also explains why the golf ball appears to go so far right every time a player on TV hits.

Secondly, video is ultimately a two-dimensional representation of a three-dimensional motion. Video cannot see the true path of the golf swing because path is combination of the horizontal and vertical movement of the golf club into the ball. What we see on video is the horizontal plane we are swinging on. We see a base plane line, not a true swing path. The camera can see the left or right but not the up and down, and this can be misleading. A swing which can look well left on the camera may also have a very steep angle, actually requiring leftward movement of the club to zero it out. This means every degree we swing down on say a 6-iron, we have to swing a half-degree left to offset it.  So a very steep angle, say seven or eight degrees down would need as much as four degrees left to get it to actually swing at the target. On video, we’d see on the left (the horizontal plane) it appears over the top, but in fact it is not — so be careful. James Lietz, the great teacher and fitter from Louisiana, does some wonderful work explaining this.

Third, at impact, the contact point on the club can twist the face open (toe hit) or closed (heel hit). This may appear to be the result of a movement the player is making (either over-pronation or over-supination) when in fact it is the result of twisting due to the off-center impact.

Also, when a model swing is being used for comparison, be real careful about what view is being shown and what shot the PGA Tour pro is hitting — this is critical. You may be seeing a top-level player deliberately swinging well right or left, (base plane line) to hit an intentional draw or fade. And when we select them randomly, we just never know what his intention was hitting that particular shot. The parallax issue I noted above is limiting here too. In fact, when I’m teaching I very often use extremes. If I have someone swing well over the top, I may show them a video of a Tour pro hitting way from the inside, just to plant that image in their golf brain. I teach by using the most extreme opposite measure I can.

Now the good points of video analysis are obvious. Is there lifting or lowering of the body during the swing? A close-up of the grip is also very revealing. Sequencing is another motion visible on video; so is the club face in relation to the swing arc. And when the camera is positioned correctly, aim, ball position and width of stance can all be seen accurately. I also like to see the golf club in relation to the lead arm. Is it laid off, is it across the line, is the left wrist flat, is it cupped; where is the club pointed in transition? These are all things in which video is enormously helpful. I have a Casio camera and use it regularly. But of course, for accurate path, face-to-path or attack angle readings I rely on TrackMan or FlightScope.

Note about shooting video: I try to position the camera on the hand line directly behind the player, about belt high. From the face on view, I position it at the belt buckle, 90 degrees to the target line. This gives me the best view. Many times, students send me swings from a camera positioned anywhere but where I can see the swing. I also love an overhead camera which allows me to trace the shape of the arc of the swing. And of course the camera must be still. It cannot be hand-held or moving in any way to get a good look.

All in all, I use video, it is a great help, but the critical areas I mentioned have to be measured.

As always, feel free to send a swing video to my Facebook page and I will do my best to give you my feedback.

Click here for more discussion in the “Instruction & Academy” forum.

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Dennis Clark is a PGA Master Professional. Clark has taught the game of golf for more than 30 years to golfers all across the country, and is recognized as one of the leading teachers in the country by all the major golf publications. He is also is a seven-time PGA award winner who has earned the following distinctions: -- Teacher of the Year, Philadelphia Section PGA -- Teacher of the Year, Golfers Journal -- Top Teacher in Pennsylvania, Golf Magazine -- Top Teacher in Mid Atlantic Region, Golf Digest -- Earned PGA Advanced Specialty certification in Teaching/Coaching Golf -- Achieved Master Professional Status (held by less than 2 percent of PGA members) -- PGA Merchandiser of the Year, Tri State Section PGA -- Golf Professional of the Year, Tri State Section PGA -- Presidents Plaque Award for Promotion and Growth of the Game of Golf -- Junior Golf Leader, Tri State section PGA -- Served on Tri State PGA Board of Directors. Clark is also former Director of Golf and Instruction at Nemacolin Woodlands Resort. He now directs his own school, The Dennis Clark Golf Academy at the JW Marriott Marco Island in Naples, Fla.. He can be reached at [email protected]



  1. Tservos

    Mar 1, 2013 at 9:07 am

    I’ve always wondered why the ball looks like it goes about 30 degrees right on tv. Wouldn’t think that it would make that much difference.

  2. Binx Watts

    Feb 9, 2013 at 3:43 pm

    A good article. I use the V1 video extensively on my lesson tee. From face on also pay close attention to where the wrists begin to uncock. Most release the angle too soon.

  3. Craig berry

    Feb 8, 2013 at 8:58 am

    Good article!

    Position of camera is paramount!

    Important to not ‘over use’ it, becomes quite obsessive but certainly a great aid to assist in practising correctly!

  4. Knall

    Feb 8, 2013 at 5:22 am

    Great article, finally i have it black on white why balls on TV appear to start so far right. my dad always says “wow did you see how far right that ball started and it landed left of the pin, he played a hardcore draw with his pitching wedge”. and i kept explaining it has to do with the camera angle and noone plays a draw with a half swing approach shot, at least no pro:D

  5. Troy Vayanos

    Feb 8, 2013 at 12:13 am

    Video is fantastic for helping improve a golf swing.

    I have made significant improvement via the help of video and would recommend it to any golfer.

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Dennis Clark: Hitting from the turf



I have seen as much as 4-5 MPH increase in clubhead speed when my students hit form a tee compared to hitting off the turf. Why?  Fear of FAT shots.

First question: Are you better hitting off a tee than on the turf?

Next question: When you play in a scramble and you have the option of dropping in the fairway or slightly in the first cut, do you choose the rough-especially when hitting over water or sand?

The answer to all these the same: Because the vast majority of golfers do not have a bottom of the swing arc safely in front of the golf ball consistently.

Consider a PGA Tour event, Korn Ferry, Champions Tour, LPGA Tour, whatever…You might see missed fairways, missed greens, hooks, blocks, etc. but we rarely, if ever, see a FAT shot. They simply do not hit the ground before the golf ball. Of course, there are exceptions, into the grain on short pitches, for example, but they are just that-rare exceptions. On the other hand, go to any golf course and watch average golfers for a while. Fat shots are not uncommon. In fact, they, or the fear of them, dominate most golf games.

The number one mistake I have seen on the lesson tee for over 35 years is unquestionably a player’s inability to control the bottom of the golf swing. I have seen everything from hitting 4 inches behind the ball to never reaching the bottom at all It has been my experience that that hitting fat shots is the number one flaw in most golf swings.

Let’s start with this fact: elite level players consistently reach a swing bottom (low point) some 3-4 inches in front of the golf ball-time after time after time. This happens for a variety of reasons, but the one I’d like to look at today is the position of the golf club at impact with the golf ball.

The club is leaning forward, toward the target, the hands are ahead of the club head, never straight up over it, never behind it-always, always leaning forward is the only way to consistently bottom out in front of the golf ball.   

A player cannot hit a ball consistently from the turf until he/she learns this and how to accomplish it. For every golfer I teach who gets into this position, I might teach 50 who do not. In fact, if players did not learn how to “save” a shot by bailing out on the downswing (chicken wing, pull up, raise the handle, or come over the top, (yes over the top is a fat shot avoidance technique) they would hit the ground behind the golf ball almost every time!  Hitting better shots from the fairways, particularly from tight lies, can be learned, but I’m going to be honest: The change required will NOT be easy. And to make matters worse, you can never play significantly better until you overcome the fear of hitting it fat.. Until you learn a pattern where the bottom of the swing is consistently in front of the ball, the turf game will always be an iffy proposition for you.

This starts with a perception. When first confronted with hitting a golf ball, it seems only natural that an “up” swing is the way to get the ball in the air-help it, if you will. The act of a descending blow is not, in any way, natural to the new player. In fact, it is totally counterintuitive. So the first instincts are to throw the club head at the ball and swing up to get the ball in the air; in other words, it makes perfect sense. And once that “method” is ingrained, it is very difficult to change. But change if you must, if your goal is to be a better ball striker.

The position to strive for is one where the left wrist (for a right-hander) is flat, the right is slightly dorsiflexed, and the handle of the golf club is ahead of the grip end. Do your level best to pay attention to the look and feel of what you’re doing as opposed to the flight of the golf ball. FEEL that trail wrist bent slightly back, the lead wrist flat and the hands ahead. It will seem strange at first, but it’s the very small first step in learning to hit down on your tight lies. If some degree of that is not ultimately accomplished, you will likely always be executing “fit in” moves to make up for it. It is worth the time and effort to create this habit.

My suggestion is to get on a Trackman if possible to see where you’re low point actually is, or perhaps you may just want to start paying close attention to your divots-particularly the deepest part of them. I’m sure you will get into a pattern of bottoming out consistently in front of the ball when you begin to learn to get the hands ahead and the club head behind. And best of all, when this becomes your swing, you will lose the fear of hitting the turf first and be free to go down after the ball as aggressively as you like.

Ok, so how is this accomplished? While many players are looking for a magic bullet or a training aid which might help one miraculously get into a good impact position, I dare say there is not one. It is a trial and error proposition, a learn-from-the-mistakes kind of thing achieved only through repetition with a thorough understanding of what needs to be done. The hardest thing to do is IGNORE the outcome when learning a new motor skill, but you must do it. A couple of things you might try:

  • Start with 30-50 yard pitch shots, paying close attention to the hands leading at impact. Again ignore the outcome, look only at the divot.
  • Hit a TON of fairway bunker shots. Draw a line in the sand 3-4″ in front of the ball and try to hit it.
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What you can learn from the rearview camera angle



We often analyze the golf swing from the face-on view or down-the-line camera angle. However, we can also learn how the body moves in the swing from the rearview or backside view.

When seeing the swing from the rearview, we can easily see how the glutes work. The trail glute actually moves back and around in the backswing. This means the glute moves towards the target or towards the lead heel. Note the trail glute start point and endpoint at the top of the backswing.

To some, this may seem like it would cause a reverse weight shift. However, this glute movement can enable the upper body to get loaded behind the ball. This is where understanding the difference between pressure, and weight is critical (see: “Pressure and Weight”).

This also enhances the shape of the body in the backswing. From the rear angle, I prefer to have players with a tuck to their body in their trail side, a sign of no left-side bend.

This puts the body and trail arm into a “throwing position”, a dynamic backswing position. Note how the trailing arm has folded with the elbow pointing down. This is a sign the trailing arm moved in an efficient sequence to the top of the backswing.

Next time you throw your swing on video, take a look at the rearview camera angle. From this new angle, you may find a swing fault or matchup needed in your golf swing to produce your desired ball flight.

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How to stop 3-putting and start making putts



When we are 3-putting we are ‘stuck in the box’. This means that when we are standing over the putt the second before we make our stroke everything happens to ‘go downhill.’ When this happens, depending on your playing level, things can become a bit erratic on the putting surface.

When a 3 putt happens, it is typically because you failed to do something before you made your stroke. The large majority of my 3 putts happen when I am not completely SOLD on the line of my putt, aka not committed. Questioning anything over the ball will lead to 3 putts.

Here is a breakdown/checklist on how to approach the green and get your ball in the cup without hesitation.

1. It starts with the approach shot into the green and the decision of direction you make to enter the hole. Scan the entire green with your eyes on the walk-up. Left to right and right to left. Look for a few seconds before you step onto the putting surface. This helps determine the high side and the low side, or if the green is relatively flat. Don’t be picky, just look and make a decision.

2. Once you get to the ball, mark it. Take 3 steps behind your ball mark. Now you must pick a line… Left, Center, or Right of the cup. (Skip step 3 if you know the line) It should take seconds but for those that are not sure it will take longer. Understand that every putt has a statistical level of difficulty. So to increase the odds, players must avoid putting in the unsure mind, and take the time to figure out a line. I also find that people who are 3 putting are overly confident and just not committed aka too quick to putt.

3. To commit, you must find the angle of entry into the cup. Walk up to the hole and look at the cup. How is it cut? Determine if it is cut flat or on a slope angle. This will help you see the break if you are having a hard time. Then determine how much break to play. Cut the hole into 4 quarters with your eyes standing right next to it. Ask yourself, which quarter of the cup does the ball need to enter to make the putt go in the hole?

I encourage using the phrases ‘in the hole’ or ‘to the hole’ as great reinforcement and end thoughts before stroking the ball. I personally visualize a dial on the cup. When my eyes scan the edges, I see tick marks of a clock or a masterlock – I see the dial pop open right when I pick the entry quadrant/tick mark because I cracked the code.

Remember, the most important parts of the putt are: 1.) Where it starts and 2. ) Where it ends.

4. To secure the line, pick something out as the apex of the putt on the walk back to the mark. Stand square behind the ball mark and the line you have chosen.

5. To further secure the line, place your ball down and step behind it to view the line from behind the ball. Don’t pick up the ball mark until you have looked from behind. When you look, you need to scan the line from the ball to the cup with your eyes. While you are scanning, you can make adjustments to the line – left, right or center. Now, on the walk into the box, pickup the mark. This seals the deal on the line. Square your putter head to the ball, with feet together, on the intended line.

6. To make the putt, look at the apex and then the cup while taking your stance and making practice strokes to calibrate and gauge how far back and through the stroke needs to be.

7. To prove the level of commitment, step up to the ball and look down the intended line to the apex back to the cup and then back to the apex down to your ball. As soon as you look down at the ball, never look up again. Complete one entire stroke. A good visual for a putting stroke is a battery percentage and comparing your ‘complete stroke’ to the percentage of battery in the bar.

8. Look over your shoulder once your putter has completed the stroke, i.e. listen for the ball to go in and then look up!

If you find a way that works, remember it, and use it!

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