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America’s 100 Greatest Golf Courses The game’s oldest ranking, established in 1966- By Golf Digest



By: Golf Digest
Photo By Stephen Szurlej
May 2011

The biennial 2011 ranking of America’s 100 Greatest Courses is ready for its close-up. And for the first time in the list’s history, it has something completely different: 101 courses. We had a tie at No. 100, which left us no choice but to make room for an odd number of courses for the first time. Established in 1966, the game’s oldest ranking, this list is considered the leading symbol of golf-course excellence and integrity.


INDEPENDENT CHECK: Golf Digest retained PricewaterhouseCoopers to oversee the tabulation of our rankings of America’s 100 Greatest Golf Courses, America’s 100 Greatest Public Golf Courses and Best in State.

Rank* Course Name Yards Par Points
1. (1) AUGUSTA NATIONAL G.C.Augusta, Ga. / Alister Mackenzie & Bobby Jones (1933) 7,435 72 72.87
2. (2) PINE VALLEY G.C.Pine Valley, N.J. / George Crump & H.S. Colt (1918) 7,057 70 72.49
3. (3) SHINNECOCK HILLS G.C.Southampton, N.Y. / William Flynn (1931) 7,041 70 69.36
4. (5) OAKMONT C.C.Oakmont, Pa. / Henry Fownes (1903) 7,255 71 69.01
5. (4) CYPRESS POINT CLUBPebble Beach / Alister Mackenzie & Robert Hunter (1928) 6,525 72 69.00
6. (6) PEBBLE BEACH G. LINKSPebble Beach / Jack Neville & Douglas Grant (1919) 6,828 72 68.56
7. (7) MERION G.C. (East)Ardmore, Pa. / Hugh Wilson (1912) 6,886 70 68.54
8. (8) WINGED FOOT G.C. (West)Mamaroneck, N.Y. / A.W. Tillinghast (1923) 7,258 72 66.81
9. (13) SAND HILLS G.C.Mullen, Neb. / Bill Coore & Ben Crenshaw (1994) 7,089 71 66.70
10. (15) NATIONAL G. LINKS OF AMERICASouthampton, N.Y. / C.B. Macdonald (1911) 6,935 72 66.62
11. (9) FISHERS ISLAND CLUBFishers Island, N.Y. Seth Raynor & Charles Banks (1926) 6,566 72 66.50
12. (16) CRYSTAL DOWNS C.C.Frankfort, Mich. / Alister Mackenzie & Perry Maxwell (1931) 6,518 70 66.22
13. (10) SEMINOLE G.C.Juno Beach, Fla. / Donald Ross (1929) 6,836 72 66.17
14. (New) THE ALOTIAN CLUBRoland, Ark. / Tom Fazio (2004) 7,480 72 65.88
15. (14) PACIFIC DUNESBandon, Ore. / Tom Doak (2001) 6,633 71 65.86
16. (18) THE COUNTRY CLUB (Clyde/Squirrel)Brookline, Mass. / Willie Campbell (1895) / Alex Campbell (1902) 7,033 71 65.85
T17. (12) CHICAGO G.C.Wheaton, Ill. / C.B. Macdonald (1894) Seth Raynor (1923) 6,846 70 65.75
T17. (22) WHISTLING STRAITS (Straits)Haven, Wis. / Pete Dye (1998) 7,362 72 65.75
19. (19) MUIRFIELD VILLAGE G.C.Dublin, Ohio / Jack Nicklaus & Desmond Muirhead (1974) 7,366 72 65.65
20. (17) WADE HAMPTON G.C.Cashiers, N.C. / Tom Fazio (1987) 7,218 72 65.51
21. (11) OAK HILL C.C. (East)Rochester, N.Y. / Donald Ross (1925) 7,145 71 65.47
22. (31) RIVIERA C.C.Pacific Palisades, Calif. / George C. Thomas Jr. & W.P. Bell (1926)/td> 7,298 71 65.05
23. (20) MEDINAH C.C. (No. 3)Medinah, Ill. / Tom Bendelow (1928) 7,561 72 65.01
24. (23) OAKLAND HILLS C.C. (South)Bloomfield Hills, Mich. / Donald Ross (1918) 7,445 72 64.98
25. (21) PRAIRIE DUNES C.C.Hutchinson, Kan. / Perry Maxwell (1937), Press Maxwell (1957) 6,759 70 64.96
26. (25) THE OCEAN COURSEKiawah Island, S.C. / Pete Dye (1991) 7,356 72 64.88
27. (26) THE OLYMPIC CLUB (Lake)San Francisco / Sam Whiting (1924) 7,112 71 64.79
28. (33)BANDON DUNESBandon, Ore. / David McLay Kidd (1999) 6,732 72 64.27
T 29. (28) CASTLE PINES G.C.Castle Rock, Colo. / Jack Nicklaus (1981) 7,696 72 64.18
T29. (38) THE HONORS COURSEOoltewah, Tenn. / Pete Dye (1983) 7,450 72 64.18
31. (41) SHADOW CREEKNorth Las Vegas, Nev. / Tom Fazio (1990) 7,560 72 64.15
32. (30) BALTUSROL G.C. (Lower)Springfield, N.J. / A.W. Tillinghast (1922) 7,400 72 64.07
33. (36) SAN FRANCISCO G.C.San Francisco / A.W. Tillinghast (1918) 6,828 71 63.93
34. (New) FRIAR’S HEAD G.C.Baiting Hollow, N.Y. / Bill Coore & Ben Crenshaw (2002) 6,846 71 63.79
35. (24) VICTORIA NATIONAL G.C.Newburgh, Ind. / Tom Fazio (1998) 7,239 72 63.77
36. (29) BETHPAGE STATE PARK (Black)Farmingdale, N.Y. / Joseph H. Burbeck & A.W. Tillinghast (1936) 7,468 71 63.70
37. (32) PINEHURST RESORT (No. 2)Pinehurst, N.C. / Donald Ross (1935) 7,491 72 63.60
38. (34) SOUTHERN HILLS C.C.Tulsa, Okla. / Perry Maxwell (1936) 7,150 71 63.52
39. (42) CANYATA G.C.Marshall, Ill. / Bob Lohmann & Mike Benkusky (2004) 7,258 72 63.45
40. (35) THE GOLF CLUBNew Albany, Ohio / Pete Dye (1967) 7,430 72 63.44
41. (45) TPC SAWGRASS (Players Stadium)Ponte Vedra Beach, Fla. / Pete Dye (1980) 7,215 72 63.29
42. (27) THE G.C. AT BLACK ROCKCoeur d’Alene, Idaho / Jim Engh (2003) 7,130 72 63.22
43. (60) PEACHTREE G.C.Atlanta / Robert Trent Jones & Bobby Jones (1947) 7,414 72 63.21
44. (39) SEBONACK G.C.Southampton, N.Y. Jack Nicklaus & Tom Doak (2006) 7,534 >72 63.16
45. (57) PETE DYE G.C.Bridgeport, W.Va. / Pete Dye (1994) 7,308 72 63.04
46. (48) KINLOCH G.C.Manakin-Sabot, Va. Lester George & Vinny Giles (2001) 7,203 72 62.96
47. (47) LOS ANGELES C.C. (North)Los Angeles / George C. Thomas Jr. (1921) 7,236 71 62.85
48. (83) EAGLE POINT G.C.Wilmington, N.C. / Tom Fazio (2000) 7,258 72 62.83
49. (49) ARCADIA BLUFFS G.C.Arcadia, Mich. / Rick Smith & Warren Henderson (2000) 7,300 72 62.77
50. (84) SAHALEE C.C. (South/North)Sammamish, Wash. / Ted Robinson (1969) 7,003 72 62.72
51. (64) INTERLACHEN C.C.Edina, Minn. / Willie Watson (1911) 6,975 72 62.67
52. (51) SPYGLASS HILL G. CSE.Pebble Beach / Robert Trent Jones (1966) 6,953 72 62.63
53. (53) GARDEN CITY G.C.Garden City, N.Y. / Devereux Emmet (1899) 6,911 73 62.52
54. (37) BUTLER NATIONAL G.C.Oak Brook, Ill. / George Fazio & Tom Fazio (1974) 7,523 71 62.49
55. (77) LAUREL VALLEY G.C.Ligonier, Pa. / Dick Wilson (1959) 7,327 72 62.43
56. (40) INVERNESS CLUBToledo, Ohio / Donald Ross (1919) 7,255 71 62.37
57. (52) MILWAUKEE C.C.River Hills, Wis. H.S. Colt & C.H. Alison (1929) 7,094 72 62.31
58. (46) RICH HARVEST LINKSSugar Grove, Ill. Jerry Rich & Greg Martin (1999) 7,687 72 62.26
59. (59) DALLAS NATIONAL G.C.Dallas / Tom Fazio (2002) 7,372 72 62.17
60. (43) OLYMPIA FIELDS C.C. (North)Olympia Fields, Ill. / Willie Park Jr. (1922) 7,205 70 62.16
61. (69) EAST LAKE G.C.Atlanta / Donald Ross (1915) 7,374 72 62.10
62. (82) THE ESTANCIA CLUBScottsdale / Tom Fazio (1995) 7,314 72 62.05
63. (80) BANDON TRAILS Bandon, Ore. / Bill Coore & Ben Crenshaw (2005) 6,765 71 62.01
T64. (56) DOUBLE EAGLE CLUBGalena, Ohio / Jay Morrish & Tom Weiskopf (1992) 7,175 72 61.96
T64. (58) KITTANSETT CLUB Marion, Mass. / William Flynn & Frederic Hood (1922) 6,811 71 61.96
66. (61) SCIOTO C.C.Columbus, Ohio / Donald Ross (1916) 7,106 71 61.94
67. (54) CHERRY HILLS C.C.Cherry Hills Village, Colo. / William Flynn (1923) 7,348 72 63.22
68. (78) THE PRESERVE G.C.Carmel, Calif. / Tom Fazio, J. Michael Poellot & Sandy Tatum (2000) 7,067 72 61.89
69. (93) SYCAMORE HILLS G.C.Fort Wayne, Ind. / Jack Nicklaus (1989) 7,340 >72 61.85
70. (55) FOREST HIGHLANDS G.C. (Canyon)Flagstaff, Ariz. / Jay Morrish & Tom Weiskopf (1988) 7,007 71 61.82
71. (99) BLACKWOLF RUN (River)Kohler, Wis. / Pete Dye (1990) 7,404 72 61.81
72. (50) SHOAL CREEK Shoal Creek, Ala. / Jack Nicklaus (1977) 7,234 72 61.79
73. (44) THE QUARRY AT LA QUINTA La Quinta, Calif. / Tom Fazio (1994) 7,083 72 61.72
74. (New) MOUNTAINTOP G. & LAKE CLUBCashiers, N.C. / Tom Fazio (2006) 7,127 70 61.69
75. (63) FLINT HILLS NATIONAL G.C.Andover, Kan. / Tom Fazio (1997) 6,946 71 61.62
76. (71) PLAINFIELD C.C.Plainfield, N.J. / Donald Ross (1921) 7,125 72 61.59
77. (66) CONGRESSIONAL C.C. (Blue)Bethesda, Md. / Robert Trent Jones (1962) 7,278 72 61.58
78. (76) ARONIMINK G.C.Newtown Square, Pa. / Donald Ross (1928) 7,190 70 61.57
T79. (92) CALUSA PINES G.C.Naples, Fla. / Michael Hurdzan & Dana Fry (2001) 7,200 72 61.55
T79. (72) MONTEREY PENINSULA C.C. (Shore)Pebble Beach /Mike Strantz (2004) 6,956 72 61.55
81. (87) SAGE VALLEY G.C.Graniteville, S.C. / Tom Fazio (2001) 7,331 72 61.46
82. (79) MAYACAMA G.C.Santa Rosa, Calif. / Jack Nicklaus (2001) 6,785 72 61.44
83. (94) HUDSON NATIONAL G.C.Croton-on-Hudson, N.Y. / Tom Fazio (1996) 7,122 70 61.43
84. (95) VALHALLA G.C.Louisville / Jack Nicklaus (1986) 7,540/td> 72 61.36
85. (62) EUGENE C.C.Eugene, Ore. / Robert Trent Jones (1967) 7,020 72 61.34
86. (91) HAZELTINE NATIONAL G.C.Chaska, Minn. / Robert Trent Jones (1962) 7,674 72 61.30
87. (New) DIAMOND CREEK G.C.Banner Elk, N.C. / Tom Fazio (2003) 7,175 70 61.24
88. (New) KAPALUA (Plantation)Kapalua, Maui, Hawaii / Bill Coore & Ben Crenshaw (1991) 7,263 73 61.19
T89. (New) BOSTON G.C.Hingham, Mass. / Gil Hanse (2004) 7,062 71 61.17
T89. (New) OLD SANDWICH G.C.Plymouth, Mass. / Bill Coore & Ben Crenshaw (2005) 6,908 71 61.17
91. (70) GALLOWAY NATIONAL G.C.Galloway, N.J. / Tom Fazio (1995) 7,104 71 61.16
92. (74) SHOREACRESLake Bluff, Ill. / Seth Raynor (1921) 6,527 71 61.08
T93. (86) MAIDSTONE CLUBEast Hampton, N.Y. / Willie Park Jr. & Jack Park (1924) 6,423 72 61.07
T93. (88) SOMERSET HILLS C.C.Bernardsville, N.J. / A.W. Tillinghast (1918) 6,659 >71 61.07
95. (New) BALLYNEAL G. & HUNT CLUBHolyoke, Colo. / Tom Doak (2006) 7,147 71 61.06
96. (100) CROOKED STICK G.C.Carmel, Ind. / Pete Dye (1964) 7,516 72 61.00
T97. (67) THE PRINCE COURSEPrinceville, Kauai, Hawaii / Robert Trent Jones Jr. (1990) 7,309 72 60.96
T97. (65) WINGED FOOT G.C. (East)Mamaroneck, N.Y. / A.W. Tillinghast (1923) 6,792 72 60.96
99. (New) FOREST DUNES G.CRoscommon, Mich. / Tom Weiskopf (2002) 7,104 72 60.93
T100. (75) HARBOUR TOWN G. LINKSHilton Head Is. / Pete Dye & Jack Nicklaus (1969) 6,973 71 60.91
T100. (97) OCEAN FOREST G.C.60.91 Sea Island, Ga. / Rees Jones (1995) 7,321 72 60.91

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GolfWRX is the world's largest and best online golf community. Expert editorial reviews, breaking golf tour and industry news, what to play, how to play and where to play. GolfWRX surrounds consumers throughout the buying, learning and enrichment process from original photographic and video content, to peer to peer advice and camaraderie, to technical how-tos, and more. As the largest online golf community we continue to protect the purity of our members opinions and the platform to voice them. We want to protect the interests of golfers by providing an unbiased platform to feel proud to contribute to for years to come. You can follow GolfWRX on Twitter @GolfWRX and on Facebook.



  1. AJ

    Dec 30, 2012 at 12:05 am

    SO neat to see a course from my hometown Flagstaff on this list. Love golfing at Forest Highlands and it is an amazing course. Well deserved spot on the list.

  2. Qwerty

    Feb 21, 2012 at 1:01 am

    Don’t get me wrong, Sahalee is a great 27 holes but it is grossly over rated. imo it should not make the top 100. For pure shot value I’d put it 4th in the state of WA.

  3. Stephen Davis

    Feb 20, 2012 at 4:42 pm

    I am curious on how someone becomes a Golf Digest course rater. Any idea?

  4. Gifted Golfer

    Feb 15, 2012 at 1:43 pm

    Thanks for the information. I am going to research some of these golf courses.

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PGA Frisco: A GolfWRX first look with Gil Hanse and Beau Welling



PGA Frisco in Frisco, Texas, is the new home of PGA of America. The two courses on-site, Fields Ranch East and West, are original designs by Gil Hanse and Beau Welling, respectfully, but they aren’t set to open for public play until the Spring of 2023. However, GolfWRX was given an opportunity to take an early look, play both courses, tour the facilities, and meet with the course architects ahead of the much-anticipated unveiling for the golf world.

The PGA Frisco location, which also shares the property with a brand new Omni Resort, a short course called The Swing, and a 75,000 square-foot putting course named The Dance Floor, appears to be joining the conversation as one of the country’s best buddy trip and family trip golf destinations.

The Omni resort is going to be complete with 500 luxury guest rooms and suites, 10 private ranch house residences, 13 different dining options, four pools, including an adult-only rooftop infinity pool, and a full-service salon and spa. They are going big with this place. All the facilities are currently under construction, but the plan is for them to be open by the Spring of 2023 as well.

The Swing is a ten-hole, lighted short course that provides a nice nightlife compliment to the larger courses, Fields Ranch East and West. Collaboratively designed by Hanse and Welling, The Swing is just steps from the Omni hotel, The Dance Floor putting courseboth championship courses, and a sports bar with bays for hitting into the driving range. The golf isn’t going to stop when the sun goes down. And no shuttle is needed at PGA Frisco.

“With The Swing, we started off by saying you do five holes and we will do five holes but it turned into a true collaboration,” Hanse said when discussing designing the short course alongside Welling. “When you start to think about designing a golf course with the shot values and how is it going to be perceived, what are the players going to think…then that creeps into your design. But when you are designing something just for unbridled joy, you don’t think about those things and that just makes something super fun.”

As good as the atmosphere and vibes are going to be, people are going to come for the golf. And major championships are coming too.

Fields Ranch East is already set to host the KitchenAid Senior PGA Championship in 2023, as well as 26 additional championships through 2034, including two PGA Championship events, and the KPMG Women’s PGA Championship.

Fields Ranch West Architect Beau Welling, who is probably best known for his work alongside Tiger Woods on the TGR Design projects, was excited about this property and opportunity right from the very beginning. “The original vision of this idea of multiple golf courses and a short course and practice course and all this fun stuff immediately resonated with me,” Welling said. “I remember thinking that this could be the coolest thing ever. It’s the PGA brand around this super accessible thing where people could not only visit to learn the game but also be the place where major championships are to contend.”

The East Course

The East course is the Gil Hanse design that is set to host all these majors. The course itself could either play incredibly long or as short as you’d like it, with huge flowing tee boxes being a feature that stands out immediately. Big fairways also immediately reveal themselves as the scale of this course is big. Very big.

“You have to think about how you are going to design for a major championship but also make it approachable and playable,” Hanse said.  “We worked really hard to create a playing ground where you can accomplish both. The level of precision required to go out and play the golf course should be pretty low. Wide fairways, hit your ball, find your ball, and hit it again. But the level of precision required to score should be off the charts if we are trying to challenge the best players in the world. There are opportunities to tuck pins and lengthen the East course to 7,800 yards. We feel like we have the setup for a major championship course in place.”

After working on the renovation at Southern Hills, Hanse drew from his experience on the Perry Maxwell design to utilize the site’s meandering Pather Creek and natural dry outs throughout the par 72 track. The course features smallish greens to contrast with the large fairways, making it a second-shot course to put a premium on accurate approaches. The fairways and rough use the same grass type to allow for flexible widening and narrowing of hole corridors to adjust for championship play.

The course maintains a prairie-like feel throughout the routing, but the back nine really shines with Texas character. The creek comes into play on many of the closing holes, including a gorgeously long par three thirteenth hole, and an 18th-hole par five that will hopefully provide some incredible major finishes.

“When the stage is set, we would rather see positive outcomes to determine champions as opposed to negative ones,” Hanse said.  “We really enjoy watching golfers make birdies and eagles to win as opposed to some guy making double bogey and the guy who made a bogey barely hangs on to win. So we set up our finishing holes with some tough stretch of holes to start the back nine and then the driveable 15. Then 17 is the shortest par three on the golf course. And then 18 is a reachable par five. So they will have to make decisions and then hopefully positive outcomes will determine how it unfolds.”

There are also rumors of a Ryder Cup coming to PGA Frisco.

“If we ultimately get the Ryder Cup,” Hanse said, “we thought about most matches not making it to 18. So what can we do with holes 14-16, where generally most matches end. So we wanted to set those up for interesting golf and put it in an amphitheater that is set up really nicely for viewers. So whether it is a PGA championship, LPGA Championship, Senior PGA Championship, or Ryder Cup, we feel like that stretch is going to provide a really interesting way to finish a golf course as opposed to just a long slog to the finish.”

The West Course

The West Course, which is the Welling design, is a playable compliment to the East course, providing another glimpse into big golf in Texas. The expansive fairways average 75 yards in width but the green complexes on Fields Ranch West tend to be much larger than its sister course. The size and scale were both something that Welling wanted to provide as a hat tip to its host state.

“Everything is big in Texas,” Welling said. “There are big weather events and big wind. But there is also incredible passion around the game here in Texas. Frisco is going to get famous because of the major championships on the East golf course, but long term it is going to have such an impact on the game as 28,000 members of the PGA come here to Omni and see golf presented in such a fun and modern way.”

The West Course also plays about 500 yards shorter than the East, tipping out at 7319 yards. The greens are larger but much more complex, with lots of undulation and hills to navigate. While the fairways and greens are big, you need to be in the right spot of each if you want to score. Nearly every green has a false front or false side waiting to shoot an errant approach back down the hillside.

Still, the scale allows for any handicapped golfer to play this course with enjoyment.

The course also uses the local terrain and elevation changes to both challenge and support each hole. The shorter par 4’s are often uphill, adding length where it isn’t otherwise there. The marshland and Panther Creek are more prevalent on the West course as well, utilizing the hazard to create more necessary carries.

The end result for Fields Ranch West is an approachable compliment to its companion course. There is an obvious feeling of connection between the two courses, but the style of play required for each is unique.

With the partnership and resources of the PGA of America and Omni Hotels and the design leadership of Gil Hanse and Beau Welling, the PGA Frisco campus is primed to rival the best in the world as a premier golf destination.




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Inside Pebble Beach’s “The Hay” Short Course (designed by Tiger Woods/TGR)



This is my first trip to Pebble Beach since Tiger Woods’ new “The Hay” short course opened up in 2021, so I had to see the new setup for myself. Preferably, I would have actually played it, but the course was closed for maintenance ahead of the 2022 AT&T Pebble Beach Pro-Am festivities.

Luckily, though, I had my camera handy as the fine folks at Pebble Beach’s short course allowed me to walk around and check it out. Below, I’ll take you along my walking tour, but first, some brief backstory and information.

The short course, formerly known as the Peter Hay Golf Course, sits just across the road from Pebble Beach’s driving range, and it’s been a fixture at the resort since 1957. The course was originally named after Peter Hay, the head professional at Pebble Beach and Del Monte. He created the short course to provide a way for junior golfers and families to more easily access the game, regardless of their abilities.

In 2021, Pebble Beach teamed up with Tiger Woods and the TGR Design team to give the course a redesign (without moving any trees or dirt, according to a Pebble Beach representative).

The new 9-hole short course is open to the general public for $65, and juniors under 12 years old play for free. The putting course, which sprawls about 100 yards in length, is open to the public at no cost, as well.

“We know not everyone who comes to Pebble Beach will have a chance to play the U.S. Open course, so we wanted to create the opportunity for all visitors to experience one of its most famous holes,” said Tiger Woods, according to The Hay’s website.

There’s also a restaurant/bar – called “Hay’s Place” – that has views of the entire course, and of Stillwater Cove. It’s not a bad spot to grab a drink before or after the round, and I hear the fish tacos are phenomenal. Just saying.

Enjoy the photos below from Tiger’s new-and-improved Pebble Beach Short Course, called “The Hay.”

The 100-yard putting green course

Hole No. 1: “Hay”

Hole No. 2: “Seven”

Hole No. 3: “Watson”

Hole No. 4: “Bing”

Hole No. 5: “Grace”

Hole No. 6: “Lanny”

Hole No. 7: “Jack”

Hole No. 8: “Kite”

Hole No. 9: “Tiger”

Hay’s Place

Check out more photos from the 2022 AT&T Pebble Beach Pro-Am here.

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The Jamaica Golf Experience



I love Jamaica. I have been to the island for several trips with my family and the feeling I get every time I think about a next visit is always exciting. On past trips, I have made Jamaican friends that I will remember for the rest of my life. The people there are so happy and good. One Love. The “no problem ‘mon'” culture just becomes a part of you when you’re there, creating a special atmosphere that lets you escape it all. I keep Red Stripe beer in my fridge at home in Fort Worth, Texas, all year — a reminder of the island I love with every sip. So when I received an invitation to play in The Jamaica Pro-Am, I was quick to accept.

The Jamaica Pro-Am (aka Annie’s Revenge — more on that later) is an annual tournament held each year in Montego Bay, Jamaica. Four-man teams constructed of three amateurs and one PGA Professional, the tournament is typically played on three of Jamaica’s finest golf courses — Half Moon, Cinnamon Hill, and White Witch. I attended this year’s tournament as a playing observer, confined to the “media team” and partaking in the festivities. Ya’mon.

The tournament field gets to stay at the beautiful Iberostar Grand Rose Hotel, conveniently located near all three courses and more importantly, right on the beach. The hotel is indeed grand and all-inclusive, providing guests with a wristband that gets you whatever you’d like to eat or drink from any of the onsite bars and restaurants — no questions asked. Less than 30 minutes from the airport, if Montego Bay is your desired city for your next Jamaican vacation, I’d imagine this hotel is tough to beat.

The first night of the tournament is the welcome dinner and reception on the beach. A full Jamaican buffet complete with jerk chicken and pork, beef patties, fried plantains, rice and peas, and cabbage. A true taste of the Caribbean, accompanied of course with whatever rum drink your heart desires. Appleton is the island favorite, and it mixes well with pretty much everything when you’re toes are in the sand. There was a live reggae band playing the Bob Marley songs everyone knows.

While the festivities were for the tournament participants, there was still plenty of activity and vibe for the other hotel guests. This is Jamaica. There was music and fun all around the hotel every moment of this trip. No worries, everything is irie. I have a real love for the island. The people are kind, the food is fantastic, and the waters are the finest in the world.

Day One: Half Moon Golf Club 

Quite understandably, Jamaica has been hit hard by COVID-19, with tourism taking a substantial dip in the past year and a half. The golf has seen a dip in numbers as a result, but the courses are in gorgeous shape with foot and cart traffic just now picking back up.

Half Moon was designed by Robert Trent Jones, Sr. and it opened in 1962. The course rests between the Blue Mountains and the sea, playing a mostly flat 7,120 yards from the back tees. Half Moon does offer several tee box options and could be played as short as 5,032 yards, making it a pleasant resort course, should that be your speed.

The course is beautiful and very well maintained. The greens were a bit shaggy, but luscious, playing at a slower pace than I am used to. I am not sure if that is by design or a side effect of the pandemic, as I do know the Jamaican golf courses have been short-staffed and without the usual supplies this past season. That appears to be a thing of the past, however, as the course looks to have turned a corner.

Most fairways are lined by palm trees, adding something to avoid off the tee, but there is enough space between each trunk to give you a full swing if you do miss left or right. The coconuts that drop, luckily, are loose impediments.

Half Moon is a resort course through and through. There are elements of character and excitement, but it mostly just provides a beautiful and benign setting for fun island golf. The fairways are dressed with multiple well-placed bunkers which provide the only designed protection against low scores. The driver could be used on virtually every non-par 3, but the course is better suited to be thought around and played to avoid the sand.

Built on a retired sugar cane estate, the other real hazard (water doesn’t come into play much at all) is the coastal winds that pick up mid-morning each day. With little besides the coconut trees to protect your ball from gusts, the wind becomes a real challenge on this bow-tie routed design. Holes into the wind were a beast, and when we finally turned with the wind at our back, it was time for a Red Stripe and a sigh of relief.

Those winds are a big reason why this tournament is called “Annie’s Revenge.” Named after Annie Palmer, the White Witch of Rose Hall, the namesake is one of Jamaica’s most famous local legends. Rose Hall’s Great House, just down the road towards Cinnamon Hill Golf Course, was home to Palmer, a Haitian-born white woman who grew up studying voodoo and witchcraft. Thus the nickname, the White Witch. She moved to Jamaica when she married John Palmer, the owner of Rose Hall, and unfortunately, her practice of dark magic proved too powerful for those around her. Legend tells she murdered her husband (and two more after that) along with many of her slaves. She herself was eventually killed, but to this day, the locals claim to have witnessed Palmer’s ghost riding her horse around the Jamaican plantations.

The strong coastal winds are Annie’s Revenge on any golfer trying to enjoy the land she once owned. They got the best of me a time or two.

Days Two and Three: Cinnamon Hill 

Both Cinnamon Hill and White Witch Golf Course are members of the Rose Hall family. Typically, in the “Annie’s Revenge” tournament format, the courses are played once each in the three-day event. However, White Witch is currently closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Its owners made the financial decision to proceed through these tough times with only one course due to the limited play and the costs of upkeep. While disappointed to not play White Witch, playing Cinnamon Hill twice instead more than satisfied my appetite for Jamaican golf. This is my favorite course on the island.

Cinnamon Hill was designed by Rick Baril and opened in 1969. It was later renovated and redesigned by Robert von Hagge. The greens here were much quicker than those at Half Moon, which I certainly appreciated. The two nines of Cinnamon Hill play in complementing contrast to one another, with the front providing low coastal play while the back nine rises into the tropical Blue Mountains.

Tipping out at 6,828 yards, the front nine marches and builds towards the ocean, with two phenomenal holes hugging the coastline. This is unusual for Jamaica, as most of the shore is saved for sandy beaches and rum-flavored sips under thatch umbrellas.

I played Cinnamon Hill with my cart partner, Jason Deegan of Our hosts for our rounds at Rose Hall were Keith Stein, the Director of Golf Course Operations for both Cinnamon Hill and White Witch, and Donnie Dawson, the Deputy Director of Tourism for the Jamaica Tourist Board.

Keith is a very good golfer with a smooth swing. He is originally from Toronto but has lived in Jamaica for 30 years. Donnie is a world-class storyteller who grew up in Kingston and has been playing these courses his entire life. It was a real treat to be able to play the course with both fine gentlemen, see how they play each hole, and hear their tales. The best story came on hole four, a 170-yard par 3 over marshy ponds.

Donnie Dawson and one of his stories

As we approached the fourth tee box, Donnie pointed out a concrete wall just behind the markers and informed us that a cemetery lay just beyond. Peering over, we could see the gravestones in this centuries-old burial plot for the family of English poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning. The grass is grown tall because the golf course staff, local Jamaicans, refuse to go inside.

Donnie told us 20 or so years ago, he was playing this course with a caddie named “Teeth,” a moniker he was given based on the looper’s colored and decorated top front teeth. As they approached the fourth tee box, a man was sitting on the concrete wall bordering the cemetery. He tossed Donnie a ball and said “hit this one, mon.” Donnie complied and the three men watched the shot bounce twice and roll directly into the cup. A hole-in-one with accompanied celebration. When they reached the green, Donnie and Teeth looked into the cup to retrieve the ball, and, to their surprise, it had vanished. Disappeared from the hole. They looked to the tee box and the kind stranger on the wall was gone as well. Perhaps a ghost from the ancient graves. Donnie said Teeth, a believer in local legend, took off running and didn’t stop for three miles.

Hole Four Green, site of the vanishing ball

Holes five and six provide tremendous views right along the quietly crashing waves. The par-3 sixth hole, arguably the prettiest hole on the island, is a 178-yard carry over the Caribbean with bailout room to the left. Just a gorgeous hole that I would have been happy to play all day. Cinnamon Hill does not waste their par 3s.

Hole five fairway

Keith Stein, yours truly and Jason Deegan

Par three sixth hole

The course is also home to an ancient aqueduct that winds through both the front and back nine. The now-ruins provide an interesting backdrop to island golf, whereas they used to be a working part of the sugar cane plantation and used to grind and transport one of Jamaica’s top export products for commerce.

The back nine brings you up the mountains, with the 17th tee box sitting nearly 400 feet above sea level. What that provides, obviously, is wonderful views of the ocean through and over jungle leaves, along with challenging golf shots. On the fairway of the 14th hole sits one of the few homes on course, but one has some historical value: The Cinnamon Hill Great House was the second home of Johnny Cash and June Carter Cash for 30 years.

Cinnamon Hill Great House

The 15th hole is another tremendous par 3 measuring 220 yards from the back but playing much shorter straight down the hill to a large green nestled beneath a waterfall. The waterfall, in case it looks familiar, was the backdrop of a famous scene in “Live and Let Die” — one of the best James Bond films ever made. Ian Fleming, the author of the Bond series, lived and wrote many of the books here on the island at Golden Eye.

Cinnamon Hill takes the driver out of your hand on many holes, forcing you to find the right club on every tee shot. You need to be prepared to hit mid-irons off some par fours as angles are often more important than distance. And with the undulating back nine, distances are sometimes deceiving. Cheers to my caddie for keeping the right club in my hand all trip.

Back to the hotel for the final ceremony and last sleep on the island. The Jamaica Pro-Am is open to anyone willing to pay the entry fee, but if you come to Jamaica for just a family vacation, don’t forget about the golf. Most travelers to Jamaica come for the beaches and the island lifestyle, and they aren’t wrong to do so. But next time you visit, I suggest you bring your clubs, mon.

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