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In this first video in the series, we look at the differences in body rotation between a PGA Tour player and an amateur golfer. 

This particular amateur came to us struggling with blocks and hooks, which in part was being caused by a lack of body rotation on the downswing. We captured his swing in our studio using GEARS 3D Motion Capture. That allowed us to uncover the exact amount of rotation of both golfers so we could highlight how it affects the club movement and delivery.

It’s important to note that there are no ideal rotation numbers; there are more so “windows” that we see great players fit into for body rotation and all aspects of the game.

Watching the video, you will see the rotation of the pelvis/hips and also the ribcage. We use the ribcage in this case instead of the shoulders, as it gives us a better indicator of how well the upper body is actually rotating.

You will see several numbers displayed on the avatars of the players in the video. They include turn, side bend and bend of both the pelvis and rib cage. For this first video in the series, we decided to just focus on the turn number.

The numbers are displayed live on the screen as the golfers are swinging so you can see at any point how the golfers are moving instead of just looking at impact. This is important as it shows what is happening during the entire swing, not just at a snapshot in time. 

We hope you enjoy this video and it gives you some insight into your own swing. The goal of this series is to help GolfWRX Members understand some of the key differences between how elite golfers and amateurs play this great game. 

To learn more about what we do at Athletic Motion Golf, or AMG, visit our website. Enjoy!

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Athletic Motion Golf is a collaboration of four of golf's brightest and most talented instructors who came together with the sole purpose of supplying golfers the very best information and strategies to lower their scores. At AMG, we're bringing fact-based instruction that's backed by research and proven at the highest levels on the PGA Tour straight to golfers through our website. Our resources will help you "clear the fog" in your game and understand the essentials of playing great golf.

48 Comments

48 Comments

  1. Frankie Gregory

    Feb 25, 2017 at 10:12 pm

    Should the ratio of open pelvis and ribcage at impact be 2:1? For example, the pelvis being 60 degrees open at impact while the ribcage is 30 degrees open.

  2. stephenf

    Feb 15, 2017 at 7:46 pm

    Interesting as observation, but the question is always causality. You take an amateur who’s already pushing and shoving the club around with his body and tell him to work his body harder, rotate more, etc., and it’s just going to be disastrous. The people for whom the “learn to use your body” advice works best (or even at all) are those who have already developed a free arm swing and full release, which would include pretty much every professional.

    I’m always in favor of legitimate research results, but I’ve also seen this kind of thing misused and misread too many times. If you go back to the teachers usually cited as arms-and-hands guys (Toski, Flick, early Kostis, Love Jr., etc.), every one of them emphasizes the fact that the bigger muscles (the ones farthest away from the clubhead) are essential in enabling and supporting — and even to an extent, but not to nearly the extent people believe, driving the swinging motion. Those guys are so frequently misquoted and misrepresented as “hands and arms _only_” or “don’t use the muscles of the trunk and legs” or “hands and arms go first, body follows” that people disregard them or see them as outdated and irrelevant, and it’s a real loss in terms of the body of instruction. When they say “arms swing, body follows,” generally they’re talking about the intent to swing the arms. Any reasonably athletic person, if you tell him to pick up a ball in his hand and use his hand and arm to throw it 70 yards, is going to step into the throw, rotate to a certain extent

    Also: Early rotation on the downswing kills golf swings. It’s a problem with the vast majority of the swings of amateurs, and quite a few pros when they go wrong, too. It’s more complex than simply “rotate more” or “rotate less.” It’s a matter of when the rotation occurs and what its relationship and synchronization is with the swinging elements (cf. John Jacobs, among others). Too much early rotation early in the downswing (the shoulders to move to accommodate the motion, but they shouldn’t be dragging the arms and club or leading the action) throws the club off-plane and off-path, outside and steep, and makes a really solid shot essentially impossible.

    What you see in the swings of almost all the best ballstrikers is the shoulders staying closed to the target until very late in the downswing — for some great players, right up until the moment of impact — while the arms and club approach from the inside, with the trailing forearm behind and below right up to impact and even slightly beyond, in some great swings. Through and beyond impact, rotation has to be free and somewhat fast, but what enables that is not having overrotated too early in the first place (on the downswing). What you see again and again with players who rotate too early and get too steep is that they then have to hold back, or even briefly stop, that rotation as they approach impact and beyond. It handcuffs them and prevents them from rotating at the point they actually need to, to give the swinging elements (arms-hands-club) a place to release and a place to go.

    You just can’t say it too much: Early shoulder and upper-body overrotation on the downswing destroys golf swings. All the time. With an amazingly large percentage of players.

    As Jacobs and others have said, you never know what’s going to get through to a player. It depends on what he brings to the lesson, what his inclinations are, etc. So it’s not that teaching a player to work on a more emphatic or freer rotation never helps. It might. But it’s always a matter of the balancing of elements and the timing of elements, rather than the disregard of a whole class of elements (e.g., the swinging elements including arms-hands-club).

    • stephenf

      Feb 16, 2017 at 10:29 am

      Oops. Meant to go back and finish a sentence. This is how it was supposed to go (end of second graf, not sure why returns aren’t separating paragraphs):

      Any reasonably athletic person, if you tell him to pick up a ball in his hand and use his hand and arm to throw it 70 yards, is going to step into the throw, rotate to a certain extent to allow his arm a greater range of motion on the windup, then rotate on the way through to allow the swinging arm and the releasing hand (and the ball) the right path as it all snaps toward the target. Is there any added power from the rotation? Some, but not nearly as much as people think. Mostly it’s enabling a range of motion. The point, though, is that nobody had to tell this guy to step into the throw and to use his entire body to support what he intended to do with his arm. It’s largely the same with the golf swing, or it should be, for people who aren’t overcomplicating it. It’s true that sometimes a player is nonathletic, or doesn’t move the body to support or accommodate the swinging motion of the arms-hands-club for some other reason (tension, misconception, physical problems or lack of flexibility, etc.), and you have to work on that directly. But that doesn’t change the basic natural “whole body responds to intent” tendency.

      • AMG

        Feb 17, 2017 at 8:30 pm

        We have 3D and force data from throwing a ball 🙂

        You might not find a group of instructors than ours who believes the “when” anything occurs is massively important! Stay tuned (wink)…

  3. squirrel-man

    Feb 12, 2017 at 9:14 am

    Great post, really interesting. Can’t wait for more, keep them coming!

  4. I'mNotTigerWoods

    Feb 10, 2017 at 12:56 am

    One of the best post in years. Great read, thnx AMG

  5. Jalan

    Feb 9, 2017 at 8:33 pm

    I am fortunate that the pro who instructs me has taught me the importance of rotation of the body. It has made a significant difference in my swing.

    Unfortunately, having osteo arthritis in my hips makes it hard to do some of the things I know I should, in order further improve my swing. But what I can do with what I have been taught has made for a better swing.

    There isn’t any useless information here.

  6. Dunn2500

    Feb 9, 2017 at 1:12 pm

    Basically this is telling golfers to use their body more, whatever your capabilities are almost certain most golfers could use their body to rotate more than they currently do……me being a handsy player I can see how this is such a vital part of swing for consistency……I look at people’s swings all the time and most seem focused on their hands and arms…..trying to muscle the ball, and on my bad days it’s exactly what I do as well……..on my best days I felt like I was barely even swinging the club and head had very little rotation………….

    Great video! ………….amazing how much more that pro rotated cuz the amateur’s swing looked pretty good

  7. edreM

    Feb 9, 2017 at 11:20 am

    More useless information.

    • Ryan

      Feb 9, 2017 at 12:34 pm

      Another useless post.

    • AMG

      Feb 9, 2017 at 1:27 pm

      What would you like to see? What would be useful for you?

      • edreM

        Feb 9, 2017 at 2:55 pm

        How about analyzing Arnold Palmer’s swing when he was in his early days versus his when he was in his 50s or 60s? And show the people in age-related terms what really should be done in a golf swing for a lifetime, and not the current short-lived short-career money-grabbing swings influenced by the exercise-body shape vanity-NFL-NBA-MLB-NHL-influenced type of mega-athlete based golf swings that only may be 2% of the population should actually attempt?

        • AMG

          Feb 9, 2017 at 3:46 pm

          Thanks for your input! Many of the great swings of the past had a generous amount of body rotation on the downswing…its a hallmark of athletic swing irregardless of the era. The reason we use modern players for much of our analysis is that things have changed to much with equipment it doesn’t make as much sense to use swings from the 50s and 60s…although we do love those swings too! Snead, palmer, Nicklaus etc 🙂

        • AMG

          Feb 9, 2017 at 6:34 pm

          Interesting assumptions about the players in the video. We have collected data on Champion Tour players who still, towards the end of their competitive careers, show tour range rotation. The oldest player that I’ve personally measured is a 75 year old amateur who falls close to the tour range. The pro we used in this video is in no way a mega-athlete, and has a very average height and build… as well does the amateur we chose. We appreciate you watching and taking the time to comment.

        • Dill Pickleson

          Feb 14, 2017 at 4:52 am

          duh, i did this at 50. you’re just ignorant and out of shape

  8. Andy

    Feb 9, 2017 at 8:11 am

    Although I agree the amateur is not open enough at impact, he has no choice! His hands are not deep enough in the BS. If he rotated like the pro it would throw the club was outside the plane (aka OTT) and he would have to EE to reach the ball. He needs depth in the BS before he can rotate the same as the pro.

    • AMG

      Feb 9, 2017 at 3:52 pm

      Thanks for the comment! For this first video in the series we are just highlighting the differences in the motion. In future videos we will look at the various reasons “why” the differences are showing up. Great comment by the way.

  9. Paul

    Feb 9, 2017 at 7:44 am

    Like this a lot!

    Look at the position of the pros hands at impact, in relation to the body (1min 48 secs in). Wow, massive difference compared to the AM. Pros hands way “ahead” of the body, due to turn rather than slide I guess.

    • AMG

      Feb 9, 2017 at 3:42 pm

      Yes body rotation and keeping the torso more “on top” on the ball help achieve this look.

  10. m

    Feb 9, 2017 at 2:09 am

    I didn’t catch it if it’s in the video, but were the resulting shots identical straight/draw/fade? I use to exaggerate my rib and pelvis’ openess at impact with different grips and these were the results: strong grip – caused pull hooks or pull fades. standard neutral grip – pull fades and slices.

    • m

      Feb 10, 2017 at 4:05 pm

      Really? No reply?

      What if the pro is using his body to hold off the release and hit a fade while the am is hitting a stock draw? If their shots were different results than it’s really an apples to oranges between their swing.

      • AMG

        Feb 15, 2017 at 9:04 am

        The pros we capture play draws, fades, and straight balls while still being in the ranges discussed in the video. We chose these two swings primarily as a representative sample of the numbers we see on a daily basis. Is that answering your question? If not let us know.

  11. D Mack

    Feb 8, 2017 at 9:13 pm

    Pushes and pulls hmm. After seeing the video,more torso and hip rotation is something I will have to work on. Great video! Thanks

  12. Andrew Cooper

    Feb 8, 2017 at 4:17 pm

    Thanks. Where tour pros v ams at impact is obviously very different but i think the average amateur has to realise that what shows up at impact is really the result of what’s gone before, good or bad. The tour pro transitions and sequences the downswing in a way that gives the green light to go through impact aggressively, hence the numbers here. The average amateur gets out of whack, the body has to stall/or stand up, and the hands and arms do what they can to get the clubface on the ball. The tour have more rotation because they can, the amateurs have less because they can’t.

  13. BigKid

    Feb 8, 2017 at 2:56 pm

    Are y’all doing all of these videos out of the 265 Academy? That’s a great facility. Our wedding party for a wedding I was in recently got ready there and the reception was outside at the facility. I wish I had gotten time to fully enjoy the set up.

    • AMG

      Feb 9, 2017 at 3:40 pm

      Yes this video was out of David Toms Academy. Between the 4 partners in AMG we have a few locations where we will be shooting content.

  14. Bob Jones

    Feb 8, 2017 at 11:19 am

    This looks like an explanation for why pros develop back problems. It might be worth it to them, but not to me.

    • Mark S

      Feb 8, 2017 at 11:59 am

      Good point. I wonder what a doc would say this would do to the body.

    • Justin

      Feb 8, 2017 at 1:06 pm

      The speed involved in tour pros and amateurs are slightly (a lot!) different. You probably aren’t going to get back problems as an amateur if you try to mimic this move. Unless you are swinging the club 110+ MPH and playing multiple rounds a year…like a tour pro

      • Daniel

        Feb 8, 2017 at 4:04 pm

        I think most of us here play multiple rounds a year

        • Jack

          Feb 8, 2017 at 11:51 pm

          What’s the standard, like 6? 7 rounds and you’re a pro!

          But seriously I think it’s more practice time as well. These guys grind it day in day out. They get injured from overuse. Amateurs get injured from misuse. We have bad postures and swings that don’t look smooth. Pro’s have smooth swings, and utilize momentum correctly. Amateurs fight it and get hurt.

          • Scott S

            Feb 13, 2017 at 8:23 pm

            I’m a Physical Therapist and a passionate golfer and I agree with “Jack’s” comment 100% and wonder why “Bobby Jones” made his comment? There are SO many variables that can cause trauma to the body during a golf swing but in my opinion the # 1 reason is when the kinematic sequence is out of sync which requires the golfer to generate power from forcing movement to start (and stop) as opposed to using ground reaction forces to produce nearly effortless movement and power. Effortless power = less body trauma and ultimately less injury. Yes, we can certainly look at isolated examples of “smooth” swingers on the PGA Tour that have gotten back injuries but I think that comes back to Jack’s comment and his point about overuse. Generally speaking using physics to one’s advantage will generate the best results on the golf course and also keep one out of my office.

  15. Philip

    Feb 8, 2017 at 11:12 am

    I improved my swing over the winter and my ribs and hips are very open at impact compared to previous seasons where I was very close to how you define an amateur swing; and here I was thinking the amount I am now open at impact may be a problem because it is so foreign to me. Thanks

    • The dude

      Feb 8, 2017 at 12:30 pm

      How did you go about making that improvement?

    • Jason

      Feb 8, 2017 at 12:53 pm

      Philip, I am a scratch golfer but my issues are the same as yours and the 5 handicapper in study. I am curious to know what helped you in your improvements. I have tried different techniques with no results. I just rely on 30 years of hand eye coordination.

      • Jack

        Feb 9, 2017 at 1:37 am

        It’s easier to identify the problem but it’s hard to fix. Pro’s turn their hips so much, and leverage the ground more so that it’s natural to them to be at this position. For most amateurs, we don’t do that. I’m learning to leverage the ground more, and I am hitting my driver further now, but sometimes it still feels unnatural. Just gotta get the reps in. Hip rotation is so hard. You have to feel like your hips are completely open and your hands are at your side at impact, which is completely different from your normal sensation. Doing this change will also mess up your timing big time as the sequencing is very different. But when I do this, my average distance goes up. It’s very easy to fall back to old habits though when you try to seek accuracy. Just have to trust it more. I think this way I’m not any less accurate (ok it’s all relative) than I am with a more armsy swing.

    • Philip

      Feb 8, 2017 at 8:32 pm

      Well, I changed a few things. 1 (Grips) I realized that having grips too thick or too thin for my left hand (I play right-handed) restricted my wrist hinge flexibility so I had to especially be careful with thicker graphite shafts. 2 (Grip) I started using the interlock because Jack did, not because it suited me. Thus, I experimented making full golf swings (including baseball swings) and discovered out of the choices (baseball, ten-finger, overlap, interlock) only once maximized my swing speed, the other three were significantly slower. Interestedly enough the faster swing was also the only one where I was able to maintain my balance through-out my swing. 3 (Visualize making a swing) I realized I never stopped to imagine what I wanted my body to do in order to swing the club, thus I was thinking through it instead. So I visualized how I wanted to see the club swinging around my body (from address to follow-through). 4 (Replicate action of the golf swing with something else we do without thought) Now that I could see myself swinging the club I needed the same type of triggers I use in everyday life that have no direct connection to what I want my body to do. I don’t think my way to taking a drink of water or skiing down a mountain, so why would I do it with a golf club? So without holding a golf club I moved my arm into the proper position at the top of my swing and on down through to impact and follow-through. I quickly realized that standing with my right shoulder beside a shelf, keeping my legs in position, if I just turn and reach up to grab the imaginary object above and beside the right side of my head with my left arm, that I has just made a relaxed full shoulder turn and put myself into the top of my back swing with zero stress on my body. Then I imagine taking that imaginary object and tossing it down so that it hits the ball. The momentum brings me through to my follow-thorugh and the finish of my swing. Since my club is just a straight line extension of my left hand, it will pass through the point where the ball rests as the club swings around my body. 5 (Trigger) I am a lefty who plays right-handed, so instead of my right hand/arm leading my golf swing and me hitting the ball poorly, I changed to my left hand/arm guiding my right arm by just swinging my arms around my around my body, letting the rest of my body freely react to the swing – I can now easily hit off of cement without worrying about fat shots (my nemesis). 6 (In summary) It was an open mind and lots of experimentation that guided me to where I am now. My recipe may be particular to myself as we all tend to be a bit different in what works, but maybe some of it will give you ideas to move forward with. Cheers!

      • Philip

        Feb 9, 2017 at 9:57 am

        Last item – I pay attention now ensuring my posture is correct when I set up to the ball. If I am off just a little bit it greatly impacts my ability to do the necessary movements and have the flexibility required for my golf swing. I never paid much attention to this in the past (and neither did my instructors) and ended up using this and that fix to try and correct my past positions. I would say being able to get into a good posture at address is likely the main reason my swing is so much better and easier to do.

  16. Tom

    Feb 8, 2017 at 10:58 am

    This explains why I pull a lot of my shots.

  17. cgasucks

    Feb 8, 2017 at 10:44 am

    I couldn’t agree more with this guy…

  18. chip

    Feb 8, 2017 at 9:35 am

    I immediately think of Stenson.

  19. Nathan

    Feb 8, 2017 at 9:22 am

    Good video, thanks.

    Hope to see more videos like this one in the future.

    • AMG

      Feb 8, 2017 at 12:05 pm

      Thanks… we have a number of these planned on several topics.

  20. Brian Moore

    Feb 8, 2017 at 8:59 am

    So the same thing as the GolfTec Swing motion study

    • AMG

      Feb 8, 2017 at 12:09 pm

      The GEARS system allows us capture data from the club face, shaft, and full body. I’m not sure what data points were included in the Golftec study.

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Instruction

Dennis Clark: Hitting from the turf

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I have seen as much as 4-5 MPH increase in clubhead speed when my students hit form a tee compared to hitting off the turf. Why?  Fear of FAT shots.

First question: Are you better hitting off a tee than on the turf?

Next question: When you play in a scramble and you have the option of dropping in the fairway or slightly in the first cut, do you choose the rough-especially when hitting over water or sand?

The answer to all these the same: Because the vast majority of golfers do not have a bottom of the swing arc safely in front of the golf ball consistently.

Consider a PGA Tour event, Korn Ferry, Champions Tour, LPGA Tour, whatever…You might see missed fairways, missed greens, hooks, blocks, etc. but we rarely, if ever, see a FAT shot. They simply do not hit the ground before the golf ball. Of course, there are exceptions, into the grain on short pitches, for example, but they are just that-rare exceptions. On the other hand, go to any golf course and watch average golfers for a while. Fat shots are not uncommon. In fact, they, or the fear of them, dominate most golf games.

The number one mistake I have seen on the lesson tee for over 35 years is unquestionably a player’s inability to control the bottom of the golf swing. I have seen everything from hitting 4 inches behind the ball to never reaching the bottom at all It has been my experience that that hitting fat shots is the number one flaw in most golf swings.

Let’s start with this fact: elite level players consistently reach a swing bottom (low point) some 3-4 inches in front of the golf ball-time after time after time. This happens for a variety of reasons, but the one I’d like to look at today is the position of the golf club at impact with the golf ball.

The club is leaning forward, toward the target, the hands are ahead of the club head, never straight up over it, never behind it-always, always leaning forward is the only way to consistently bottom out in front of the golf ball.   

A player cannot hit a ball consistently from the turf until he/she learns this and how to accomplish it. For every golfer I teach who gets into this position, I might teach 50 who do not. In fact, if players did not learn how to “save” a shot by bailing out on the downswing (chicken wing, pull up, raise the handle, or come over the top, (yes over the top is a fat shot avoidance technique) they would hit the ground behind the golf ball almost every time!  Hitting better shots from the fairways, particularly from tight lies, can be learned, but I’m going to be honest: The change required will NOT be easy. And to make matters worse, you can never play significantly better until you overcome the fear of hitting it fat.. Until you learn a pattern where the bottom of the swing is consistently in front of the ball, the turf game will always be an iffy proposition for you.

This starts with a perception. When first confronted with hitting a golf ball, it seems only natural that an “up” swing is the way to get the ball in the air-help it, if you will. The act of a descending blow is not, in any way, natural to the new player. In fact, it is totally counterintuitive. So the first instincts are to throw the club head at the ball and swing up to get the ball in the air; in other words, it makes perfect sense. And once that “method” is ingrained, it is very difficult to change. But change if you must, if your goal is to be a better ball striker.

The position to strive for is one where the left wrist (for a right-hander) is flat, the right is slightly dorsiflexed, and the handle of the golf club is ahead of the grip end. Do your level best to pay attention to the look and feel of what you’re doing as opposed to the flight of the golf ball. FEEL that trail wrist bent slightly back, the lead wrist flat and the hands ahead. It will seem strange at first, but it’s the very small first step in learning to hit down on your tight lies. If some degree of that is not ultimately accomplished, you will likely always be executing “fit in” moves to make up for it. It is worth the time and effort to create this habit.

My suggestion is to get on a Trackman if possible to see where you’re low point actually is, or perhaps you may just want to start paying close attention to your divots-particularly the deepest part of them. I’m sure you will get into a pattern of bottoming out consistently in front of the ball when you begin to learn to get the hands ahead and the club head behind. And best of all, when this becomes your swing, you will lose the fear of hitting the turf first and be free to go down after the ball as aggressively as you like.

Ok, so how is this accomplished? While many players are looking for a magic bullet or a training aid which might help one miraculously get into a good impact position, I dare say there is not one. It is a trial and error proposition, a learn-from-the-mistakes kind of thing achieved only through repetition with a thorough understanding of what needs to be done. The hardest thing to do is IGNORE the outcome when learning a new motor skill, but you must do it. A couple of things you might try:

  • Start with 30-50 yard pitch shots, paying close attention to the hands leading at impact. Again ignore the outcome, look only at the divot.
  • Hit a TON of fairway bunker shots. Draw a line in the sand 3-4″ in front of the ball and try to hit it.
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Instruction

What you can learn from the rearview camera angle

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We often analyze the golf swing from the face-on view or down-the-line camera angle. However, we can also learn how the body moves in the swing from the rearview or backside view.

When seeing the swing from the rearview, we can easily see how the glutes work. The trail glute actually moves back and around in the backswing. This means the glute moves towards the target or towards the lead heel. Note the trail glute start point and endpoint at the top of the backswing.

To some, this may seem like it would cause a reverse weight shift. However, this glute movement can enable the upper body to get loaded behind the ball. This is where understanding the difference between pressure, and weight is critical (see: “Pressure and Weight”).

This also enhances the shape of the body in the backswing. From the rear angle, I prefer to have players with a tuck to their body in their trail side, a sign of no left-side bend.

This puts the body and trail arm into a “throwing position”, a dynamic backswing position. Note how the trailing arm has folded with the elbow pointing down. This is a sign the trailing arm moved in an efficient sequence to the top of the backswing.

Next time you throw your swing on video, take a look at the rearview camera angle. From this new angle, you may find a swing fault or matchup needed in your golf swing to produce your desired ball flight.

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Instruction

How to stop 3-putting and start making putts

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When we are 3-putting we are ‘stuck in the box’. This means that when we are standing over the putt the second before we make our stroke everything happens to ‘go downhill.’ When this happens, depending on your playing level, things can become a bit erratic on the putting surface.

When a 3 putt happens, it is typically because you failed to do something before you made your stroke. The large majority of my 3 putts happen when I am not completely SOLD on the line of my putt, aka not committed. Questioning anything over the ball will lead to 3 putts.

Here is a breakdown/checklist on how to approach the green and get your ball in the cup without hesitation.

1. It starts with the approach shot into the green and the decision of direction you make to enter the hole. Scan the entire green with your eyes on the walk-up. Left to right and right to left. Look for a few seconds before you step onto the putting surface. This helps determine the high side and the low side, or if the green is relatively flat. Don’t be picky, just look and make a decision.

2. Once you get to the ball, mark it. Take 3 steps behind your ball mark. Now you must pick a line… Left, Center, or Right of the cup. (Skip step 3 if you know the line) It should take seconds but for those that are not sure it will take longer. Understand that every putt has a statistical level of difficulty. So to increase the odds, players must avoid putting in the unsure mind, and take the time to figure out a line. I also find that people who are 3 putting are overly confident and just not committed aka too quick to putt.

3. To commit, you must find the angle of entry into the cup. Walk up to the hole and look at the cup. How is it cut? Determine if it is cut flat or on a slope angle. This will help you see the break if you are having a hard time. Then determine how much break to play. Cut the hole into 4 quarters with your eyes standing right next to it. Ask yourself, which quarter of the cup does the ball need to enter to make the putt go in the hole?

I encourage using the phrases ‘in the hole’ or ‘to the hole’ as great reinforcement and end thoughts before stroking the ball. I personally visualize a dial on the cup. When my eyes scan the edges, I see tick marks of a clock or a masterlock – I see the dial pop open right when I pick the entry quadrant/tick mark because I cracked the code.

Remember, the most important parts of the putt are: 1.) Where it starts and 2. ) Where it ends.

4. To secure the line, pick something out as the apex of the putt on the walk back to the mark. Stand square behind the ball mark and the line you have chosen.

5. To further secure the line, place your ball down and step behind it to view the line from behind the ball. Don’t pick up the ball mark until you have looked from behind. When you look, you need to scan the line from the ball to the cup with your eyes. While you are scanning, you can make adjustments to the line – left, right or center. Now, on the walk into the box, pickup the mark. This seals the deal on the line. Square your putter head to the ball, with feet together, on the intended line.

6. To make the putt, look at the apex and then the cup while taking your stance and making practice strokes to calibrate and gauge how far back and through the stroke needs to be.

7. To prove the level of commitment, step up to the ball and look down the intended line to the apex back to the cup and then back to the apex down to your ball. As soon as you look down at the ball, never look up again. Complete one entire stroke. A good visual for a putting stroke is a battery percentage and comparing your ‘complete stroke’ to the percentage of battery in the bar.

8. Look over your shoulder once your putter has completed the stroke, i.e. listen for the ball to go in and then look up!

If you find a way that works, remember it, and use it!

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