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Stickney: A dangerous trend is developing for top players



As a teacher, I obviously have my own particular biases as it pertains to the different stroke patterns I teach to the random levels of golfers I see, however, one thing remains the same they ALL want a predictable ball flight in the end.

To me, it doesn’t matter if you swing it upright like Wolff or flatter like Kucher because they both work, as do all the swings in the middle IF they produce a consistent result under pressure. What we now understand with the advent of GEARS and Trackman is that everyone has their own individual motion and sure there are certain fundamentals that everyone great possesses but end the end we are all left to “find what works best” for us. And over time, the great players have gravitated towards the best and most desirable way that they swing the club without worrying what it looks like only what it produces.

However, I have been noticing a trend amongst the highest level of players that is disturbing…and this trend that we’ll be discussing in a second is beginning to filter down to the kids whom have ready access to launch monitors in high school and just entering into. This trend is the culprit of a two-way miss, albeit a very small one, but a two-way miss nonetheless all in efforts to try and hit the ball too straight.

First, let’s show you examples of some of the best players I have seen personally at the top amateur levels. Every one of these players shown below are proven winners and are ranked very highly nationally on the amateur and Division I college circuits.

I asked each player above what their normal ball flight was day-to-day and each replied, “mostly straight, but if I miss it then it tends to go X, but very, very slightly.” (For those Trackman users, these swings are “normalized,” which takes out the wind etc. for a touch more reality regardless of the conditions outside at the time.)

Now look in the left frame of each player’s swing, and you will see a blue line, and if you look closer, you will see that it is laying directly on top of a white line. The white line is the player’s target line—where they were trying to hit the ball. And the blue line is the PATH of the club for the particular swing shown.

What you will see is that the path of the club is basically “zeroed” out where the path and the target line are moving directly in the same direction. While this might seem like a great idea, in fact no one can play from this position because it’s impossible to zero out the path and clubface at the same time. No teacher in history has seen this consistently. We have seen very small face to path relationships but never 0 for the path, 0 for the face, 0 for the face to path, and 0 for the spin axis. We’re talking trying to manage a degree which is basically 1/6 to of a click of your second hand on your watch dial!

If you could play from a zero path and zero face, then this is what it would look like on Trackman. I have only seen 0 path and a 0 face just once in ALL the shots I have seen with Trackman, and the shot I am talking about curved way offline due to the fact that it was a longer club coupled with a faulty impact position (gear effect).

Now here is the key for people who desire a ball flight that curves as little as possible and zeroing out the path is not the answer! The key is to play with a face to path ratio that is very, very low which helps to lower the ball’s spin axis and thus the ball would curve slightly. If you have the path sitting a couple of degrees left or right of the path then you will be able to have some predictability of your curvature which will give you freedom when you don’t have our “A” swing working that day.

NOTE: Think about pro bowlers, how many do you see that roll the ball directly at the head pin?! Zero. They curve the ball to some degree for more predictability.

As we know, in order to hit the ball where we want, we need to have some consistent curvature and when the path is on top of the target-line a slight twist of the face right or left causes baby pulls or baby pushes.

The goal of ballstriking efficiency is to eliminate ONE side of the course.

Secondly, we know that the ball begins mostly in the direction of the face at impact and will curve away from the path with a centered hit. Therefore, regardless of the curvature left to right or right to left you must work in this order- PATH then the FACE then the Target (as shown below) if not then you will hit pushes and pulls, slices and hooks!

Let’s examine this player above, who moves the ball left to right. We see a path that is leftward at basically -3.0 degrees and the face is almost -2.0 degrees left of the target but only 1.0 degree RIGHT of the path thus the ball curved gently left to right. For players desiring a mostly “straight” ball without the danger of missing it both ways, then the path has to be just far enough left or right of the target line so that the face can fit between the path and the target so you can begin the ball in the correct direction before it begins to curve. This reduction in the face-to-path relationship is the forgotten fundamental of the straight ball hitters!

As you can see, this player has a path that is slightly leftward and the face is only 1 degree rightward of this causing a very low face-to-path, and from this point, he has a spin axis of 0.3 meaning the ball barely moved rightward. This is the key to hitting the ball straighter…not zeroing out the path but reducing the FACE-to-PATH relationship! This cannot be mastered with a zeroed-out path because the face won’t consistently have room to fit between your path and target line as discussed. Thus you will hit micro-pulls or micro-pushes giving you the dreaded two-way miss…all because you have the path working too much down the line!

Path, face, and target…in that order will help you reduce your face to path difference and this will help you to lower your ball’s spin axis and straighter but MORE PREDICTABLE ball flights will ensue. Anything else spells disaster for the people who desire a “straight” ball flight!

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Tom F. Stickney II is the Director of Instruction and Business Development at Punta Mita, in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico ( He is a Golf Magazine Top 100 Teacher, and has been honored as a Golf Digest Best Teacher and a Golf Tips Top-25 Instructor. Tom is also a Trackman University Master/Partner, a distinction held by less than 15 people in the world. Punta Mita is a 1500 acre Golf and Beach Resort located just 45 minuted from Puerto Vallarta on a beautiful peninsula surrounded by the Bay of Banderas on three sides. Amenities include two Nicklaus Signature Golf Courses- with 14 holes directly on the water, a Golf Academy, four private Beach Clubs, a Four Seasons Hotel, a St. Regis Hotel, as well as, multiple private Villas and Homesites available. For more information regarding Punta Mita, golf outings, golf schools and private lessons, please email:



  1. Steve Wozeniak

    Oct 11, 2019 at 12:02 pm


    This guy got absolutely crushed!!!!! His next article will be on grip….

    Steve Wozeniak PGA

  2. kenny

    Oct 8, 2019 at 1:15 am

    I don’t understand this logic.

    Let’s say my “stock, goal shot” is dead straight. And I have a 2 way miss either 10 yards right or 10 yards left.

    How is this any different from someone who has a “stock, goal shot” of a 15 yard fade? Their miss would be a 5 yard fade or a 25 yard fade.

    In both scenarios, the ball is ending up 10 yards left or right from the desired target. Just because one was only fades, how exactly is that any better?

  3. Chris

    Oct 3, 2019 at 4:43 pm

    If you’re able to get so close to 0-0-0 that your 2-way misses are small that’s awesome (I hope to get there someday), then this may be a “garbage” article for you and that might be on the author for the way he set up the premise. But if you’ve fought an old slice down to just a fade over the years this had some good info. Find a natural/repeatable club head path to reduce your swing thoughts down to just getting the face angle in between that path and the target line.

  4. Drop Stickney

    Sep 29, 2019 at 6:07 pm

    I don’t understand why GolfWRX still gives Stickney a platform. He’s been wrong on many occasions… search his history, and it’s littered with articles that are just what he thinks is right, but passing it off as gospel.

  5. Mr Cranky

    Sep 26, 2019 at 3:31 pm

    What the heck did I just read? I have a headache.

    • joro

      Sep 30, 2019 at 1:58 pm

      Mr. Cranky,,,, You read about what we have known for years. Take your normal swing and whack it. All the majority of these teaching “GURUS” just confuse and ruin people. Don’t try to build a swing that does not work with your body and your strengths. We all have it and the bottom line is that some can and some can’t so enjoy yourself and swing naturally. Enjoy the game at whatever level.

  6. GMR

    Sep 25, 2019 at 9:44 am

    I can honestly say that is unequivocally the worst golf instruction article I have ever read, in any medium. There is really not much else to say other than that this is “advice” is just generally utter hogwash of the highest order. I’m not going to go into debasing the “logic” behind this article, as it should be self-evident. However, I will say that my opinions of both Mr. Stickney II and of GolfWRX as a platform have diminished as a result of my having read this. This should never have been written, and it should never have been allowed to be published.

  7. TrackMan

    Sep 22, 2019 at 7:25 pm

    This is absolutely absurd. Straighter is longer, and longer means easier second shots. The stats don’t lie. The days of swinging fades over tree lines as a ‘stock shot’ are over.

  8. Reibs

    Sep 21, 2019 at 9:50 pm

    If you think a 0-0-0 can’t be done you might want to check out Moe Norman and how he could hit it dead straight every time. He was a rare ball striking genious but he is an example that it can be done! For average humans a controlled draw or fade is a more lilkely possibility as Tom eliquently described.

    • geohogan

      Sep 23, 2019 at 4:17 pm….IBmX7eR8#t=1733

      Moe kept his trail hand under his lead hand through impact.

      ie no release, simply let turn square clubface; creating an ellipse with a much longer flat spot for impact
      Release the trail hand and golfers create an arc(circle) with a single flat spot for impact.

    • KB

      Sep 24, 2019 at 11:40 am

      just because the ball appears to fly straight does not mean the path/path is zeroed out. everyone talks about how great a ball striker Moe was, fact is Jim Furyk would destroy Moe in ball striking clinic without even putting his shoes on. Jim was measured as the most consistent iron player on trackman. from a physics stand point, the most efficient way to strike an iron with the ball lying on the ground is a pull/fade, with the ball hitting slightly towards the heel of the club from the sweet spot, this will produce the most optimum ball flight and spin. conversely hitting driver off of a tee, slightly high and towards the toe.

  9. myron miller

    Sep 21, 2019 at 4:04 pm

    Tom, I’d suggest you stick to teaching Golf and not bowling. As the other bowlers pointed out, almost every top bowler can thru the ball super straight and hit a given mark. Think of shooting spares, especially such as leaving a 10 pin or the 3-10 for a right handed bowler. He wants the straightest ball possible for this type of shot. And movement can cause the ball to miss the pins on that side. But a bowling ball with a ton of side spin that travels at a respectable speed will knock down more pins than a straight ball which almost always has zero or very little side spin. That side spin causes the pins to lay down and jump around and the more bouncing around the more chances they will bounce into other pins. It yields more action which helps on knocking down pins. Old saying: “Hit them thin and watch them spin”. Speed of the ball hitting the pins is critical. Too hard and the pins jump straight back or up and don’t have chance to jump right or left and unless exact correct angle was used, pins can jump out of the way and it’s easy to leave a 8 or 9 pin or 10 pin. Too slow and the ball side spin will take over and it becomes hard to hit the 1/3 pocket (1/2 for lefties). The amount of curve is directly proportional to the amount of spin and the speed of the bowling ball. More spin needs more speed or more curve happens and potentially too much curve which isn’t controllable. So all bowlers try to throw at a speed with the amount of curve(speed) that they can control for the amount of side spin they use. Lots of other factors such as slickness of lanes, etc had to be factored in as well. super slick needed more spin/slow needed less and made it super hard to control the amount of curve But the amount of side spin allowed an increase in ease of knocking down pins so all top bowlers tried to have as much as they could control. So as mentioned by earlier commentors all top bowlers find it easy to throw straight ball and can strike with on but that doesn’t increase their strike percentage and spin does. Back in the old days, the bowlers didn’t have trackman, but super slow motion cameras were used a lot and frame by frame shots were analyzed and spin analyzed extensively

    Quite different from what you stated about bowling.

  10. Bob Jones

    Sep 21, 2019 at 2:01 pm

    I’ve worked to make my shots go straight, and if one doesn’t, I find it and play my next shot. As for hitting into greens, my rule is to aim no closer to the pin than halfway to it from the center from about 150 in. From farther than that, 160+, my target is the green itself. I’m not good enough to play with a degree or two in my swing parameters.

  11. Edward L LeBeau

    Sep 21, 2019 at 1:21 pm

    Too often the perfection of achieving a “0-0-0” is used for justification to intentionally curve the ball. However, achieving a “3-3-3” is no less difficult. A straight drive goes further and has both sides of the fairway to use for slight micro pulls or pushes. Tom, you might want to re-think this one.

  12. Tom

    Sep 21, 2019 at 1:18 pm

    As others have said, I can’t see why it is any easier to get your path and face precisely off-line than it is to get them precisely on zero. Here’s a link with some Trackman numbers that addresses this same “straight shot” issue: It shows that shot dispersion is about the same if your face angle is off by say 2 degrees whether your path is zero or not.

  13. Bob Pegram

    Sep 21, 2019 at 1:16 pm

    Something that seems to be overlooked in a lot of the comments is that, when trying to zero out path, etc., it doesn’t take much change in spin rates to affect the outcome by quite a bit. On the other hand, when purposely hitting a fade or a draw consistently, it takes a lot bigger change in the spin rate to change the curvature of the ball. There is more room for error without getting into trouble. There is a bigger range of spin rates that stay in play than with a swing where the player is trying to zero out everything.

  14. Bob Pegram

    Sep 21, 2019 at 12:58 pm

    When playing under high pressure knowing which way the ball will go is a big help and reduces the pressure. If a very small mistake could make the ball go either way that increases uncertainty which makes things worse. For example, I hit a fade. I can aim down the left side of the fairway knowing I have the entire width of the fairway as a safe space. Same thing at the green – I can aim at the left edge of the green without worrying the ball will go left. Obviously, depending on the pin position compared to traps and other hazards, I may shoot at the pin, but I still know the ball won’t go left.

  15. joro

    Sep 21, 2019 at 12:46 pm

    Every player has a swing that usually fits his body. I do hot believe you can change that unless they are new and just don[t know. As a good teacher we must find that ?normal” swing and enhance it, not just to change it but to make it better and more comfortable. How many have been successful on Tour and after winning go to some “GURU” who changes what the brought and it doesn’t take long and they are gone. Enhance what you have, that is what a good teacher does.

  16. Calvin

    Sep 21, 2019 at 9:26 am

    Correct me if I’m wrong, but pro bowlers don’t curve the ball because of predictability. They do so because the angle at which it hits the head and side pin increases chance of contact. I don’t think it has anything with them being worried about not being able to throw it straight…

    • Skip

      Sep 21, 2019 at 12:42 pm

      I was gonna comment (I bowl competitively). Correct, we don’t curve it for predictability. There’s actually the old adage “straighter is greater”. Curving the ball the right amount has a better ability to knock pins down, if throwing it straight was the best way to do it, we would.

      Shouldn’t use analogies when you don’t understand.

    • Skip

      Sep 21, 2019 at 12:46 pm

      I was gonna comment (I bowl competitively). We don’t curve the ball for accuracy, we do it because it has a better ability to knock down pins. There’s an old adage “straighter is greater” but if throwing it dead straight worked, we would.

      Don’t use analogies that you don’t understand.

  17. JP

    Sep 21, 2019 at 9:14 am

    Isn’t a small miss trying to go 0-0-0-0-0 about the same as an intentional slight draw or fade intentionally hit? Both are slightly off from dead straight, only the intentional slight draw or fade is a little more predictable?
    However, if the intentional fade/draw is missed a bit, it to can be as unpredictable as a dead straight miss. So do whatever works for you and is the most repeatable.

  18. JB

    Sep 21, 2019 at 8:10 am

    This makes no sense. A micro 2 way miss is desirable. The reason golf pros talk about eliminating one side of the golf course is because they have a big miss (like a hook). You make the point that the key to a good swing is to have a small difference between the face and path. Here is some math: zero minus zero is zero = straight shot. Think of it this way if you play a golf shot with a predictable shape then there will be some curve…let’s say 10 yards for example…on a bad shot let’s say you you hit it the ball 10 yards left/right of your intended landing spot. If your a player who has “eliminated” one side of the course that miss will usually be right/left of the target in a predictable location. Example when drawing the ball a desirable miss will be out to the right (eleiminating a left miss). However if you have a micro zero/zero path type swing your 10 yard miss would be 5 yards on with side….which is better a 5 yard or 10 yard miss? Now here is the other thing to consider how does wind factor into a a curving versus non curving shot? The best players are trying to have a zeroed our shot because they want to remain the best.

    • geohogan

      Oct 3, 2019 at 9:23 am

      The reason golf pros talk about eliminating one side of the golf course is because they have a big miss (like a hook).

      This is true. How often do we see golfers, including pros under pressure Pull and Pull /Hook.
      When swing path is such that we sweep the inside quadrant of the ball, not the back of the ball,
      the Pull and Pull /hood are eliminated.

  19. Johnny Penso

    Sep 20, 2019 at 11:06 pm

    If I mishit a ball enough to move it 20 feet right or 20 feet left on approach and aim straight at the flag, doesn’t that put me within 20 feet of the flag each time?

    • KK

      Sep 25, 2019 at 8:11 am

      Maybe if flags were positioned with 20′ of green on either side all the time? Even then the slope of the green probably changes that spread significantly if you are playing different courses on a regular basis.

  20. Ryan K

    Sep 20, 2019 at 10:18 pm

    Thank you Tom, makes perfect sense. Clearly above the intellectual ability of the other commenters who were unable to conceptualize the whole point of the article.

  21. Douglas

    Sep 20, 2019 at 9:33 pm

    “The goal of ballstriking efficiency is to eliminate ONE side of the course.”

    You need more Scott Fawcett in your research. Even people who “always” hit a fade have a center of their shot pattern. Half the time they’re left of it, half the time they’re right, and it just matters where they aim. If you had data that showed that players playing a draw or fade had a tighter left/right distribution with any club your hypothesis would have some weight, but it doesn’t really pass the smell test. Overcooking a fade or double-crossing would seem to be more problematic than being a degree off from zero.

    Eliminating one side of the course is a myth.

    • Brandon

      Sep 21, 2019 at 1:29 pm

      You’re correct with the shot pattern comment, but Scott also dislikes hitting it dead straight. He advocates the same thing Tom is talking about in the article, having a predictable curvature and eliminating 2 way miss.

  22. 234

    Sep 20, 2019 at 8:16 pm

    +/-1′ Left, center, right is all just +/-1′ of the average flight.

  23. Tom F. Stickney II

    Sep 20, 2019 at 6:03 pm


    Each player described a two way miss…if you want more ball-flight predictability then you need to eliminate one side of the course. Not everyone has these players’ level of talent thus the masses need more of a “cushion”

    • Rickey Di Dio

      Sep 21, 2019 at 11:29 pm

      Everyone on the PGA Tour has a two way miss. With the exception of 2-3 players, not exaggerating (Martin Laird, Robert Streb, and Billy Hurley), even the most “1 sided” players still miss to the opposite side 40% of the time. I’ll repeat… everyone has a two way miss. Shotlink data backs this up.

      This is the best and most consistent players in the world. Why would a 15 handicap who plays 2 times a month fair any better?

      • Bye, Stickney

        Sep 29, 2019 at 6:09 pm

        Pffft. Data. This is Tom F. Stickney the second we’re talking to here. He doesn’t need your datas.

  24. Ripper859

    Sep 20, 2019 at 5:39 pm

    What a retard. Garbage article. It’s been proven the best/straightest drivers move the ball the least. Every article on here continues to get worse.

  25. bw

    Sep 20, 2019 at 5:16 pm

    If you’re trying to go 0-0-0 and miss slightly (either way) then wouldn’t it be a straight ball just slightly moving either left or right? What’s wrong with that?

  26. mark

    Sep 20, 2019 at 3:14 pm

    So you are telling me to do the OPPOSITE of what these top 6 am players do? … Ya makes a lot of sense …

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Me and My Golf: The difference between long and short irons



Long irons vs. short irons. In this week’s Impact Show, we discuss the differences between long irons and short irons. We talk through the different ball positions, postures, and techniques for both irons and give you some golfing drills to help you differentiate both irons!


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Walters: Avoid these 3 big chipping mistakes!



Chipping causes nightmares for so many amateur golfers. This s mainly due to three core mistakes. In this video, I talk about what those mistakes are, and, more importantly, how to avoid them.

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The Wedge Guy: The importance of a pre-shot routine



I believe one of the big differences between better recreational golfers and those not so good—and also between the tour professionals and those that can’t quite “get there”—is the consistency of their pre-shot routines. It is really easy to dismiss something that happens before the ball is even struck as irrelevant, but I strongly urge you to reconsider if you think this way.

To have a set routine to follow religiously before every shot gives you the best chance to execute the shot the way you intend. To do otherwise just leaves too much to chance. Indulge me here and I’ll offer you some proof.

It’s been a while back now, but I still remember an interesting account on this subject that used the final round of the 1996 Masters—when Nick Faldo passed a collapsing Norman—as his statistical proof. This particular analyst reviewed the entire telecast of that final round and timed the routine of both players for every shot. What he discovered was that Norman got quicker and less consistent in his pre-shot routine throughout his round, while Faldo maintained his same, methodical approach to every shot, not varying by more than a second or so. I think that is pretty insightful stuff.

A lot of time has passed since then, but all competitive tour professionals pay very close attention to their pre-shot routines these days. I urge you to watch them as they go through the motions before each shot. And notice that most of them “start over” if they get distracted during that process.

While I do not think it is practical for recreational golfers to go into such laborious detail for every shot, let me offer some suggestions as to how a repeatable pre-shot routine should work.

The first thing is to get a good feel for the shot, and by that, I mean a very clear picture in your mind of how it will fly, land and roll; I also think it’s realistic to have a different routine for full shots, chips and pitches and putts. They are all very different challenges, of course, and as you get closer to the hole, your focus needs to be more on the feel of the shot than the mechanics of the swing, in my opinion.

To begin, I think the best starting point is from behind the ball, setting up in your “mind’s eye” the film-clip of the shot you are about to hit. See the flight and path it will take. As you do this, you might waggle the club back and forth to get a feel of the club in your hands and “feel” the swing that will produce that shot path for you. Your exact routine can start when you see that shot clearly, and begin your approach the ball to execute the shot. From that “trigger point”, you should do the exact same things, at the exact same pace, each and every time.

For me (if I’m “on”), I’ll step from that behind-the-shot position, and set the club behind the ball to get my alignment. Then I step into my stance and ball position, not looking at the target, but being precise not to change the alignment of the clubhead–I’m setting my body up to that established reference. Once set, I take a look at the target to ensure that I feel aligned properly, and take my grip on the club. Then I do a mental check of grip pressure, hover the club off the ground a bit to ensure it stays light, and then start my backswing, with my only swing thought being to feel the end of the backswing.

That’s when I’m “on,” of course. But as a recreational player, I know that the vast majority of my worst shots and rounds happen when I depart from that routine.

This is something that you can and should work on at the range. Don’t just practice your swing, but how you approach each shot. Heck, you can even do that at home in your backyard. So, guys and ladies, there’s my $0.02 on the pre-shot routine. What do you have to add?

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19th Hole