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More Distance for Golf (Part 1): Long-Drive Techniques



Distance is an extremely important aspect of becoming a better golfer. Perhaps you’ve seen this graphic put out by the folks at Trackman.

Trackman Chart Plotting Handicap Versus Average Driver Club Speed

Notice that as golf handicaps go up, the average driver club head speed (and thus distance) goes down. Thus, one can deduce that more distance is a must in order to become a better player.

On the PGA Tour, players that keep their cards generally run in the +4 to +6 handicap range. The PGA Tour average club head speed is about 113 mph with the low man usually being around 105 mph.

“You can’t come out here [on the PGA Tour] with a 90-mile per hour swing speed and expect to compete.” — Lee Janzen

So, if you were to extend the graphic from above out a little further, this fits right in with the PGA Tour, too. Further, I looked at the scoring averages of the top-20 players and the bottom-20 players on the PGA Tour. And if you compile the low rounds of the day shot during each tournament round, that averages out to be approximately a 63.3 scoring average with a 302.8 yards/drive driving distance.

Scoring Average Driving Distance
Top 20 Players on Tour 69.757 298.3 yards/drive
Bottom 20 Players on Tour 72.556 287.5 yards/drive

As you can see, even within the confines of PGA Tour-level golf, distance matters to scoring. Knowing the importance of distance, I’d like to share with you a three-part series on some of the ways you might get more distance in its application to you playing better golf. The series will take cues from the longest hitters on the planet, competitors in the World Long Drive Championships.

“Distance is far more of an indicator [of success] than accuracy.” — Sean Foley

We’ll also draw my own personal experience of competing in 2003, 2006, and 2007 with a competitive long drive of 421-yards and peak club head speed in the low 140s, my experience being the go-to-guy for swing speed training as well as a Top 100 Most Popular Instructor, and the many conversations, interviews, etc., I’ve had with the top long drivers in the world via Swing Man Golf.

Specifically, the three areas we’ll look at are technique, equipment, and golf fitness.

Let’s get started with Part 1: Technique.

Long Drive Techniques

From a swing technique standpoint, these are some of aspects of the golf swing that you may wish to consider employing in your golf swing. Although you can integrate some of these swing aspects on your own in to your swing, I should caution you in doing so. Generally, I’d recommend working with a qualified professional, whether they are a PGA Professional or not, and/or someone who has the specific knowledge and experience with helping you achieve whatever is your specific goal.

For example, one of our Swing Man Golf experts is Adam Young, whose GolfWRX articles you can read here. Adam knows more than any other instructor I’ve ever come across regarding practice and learning within the application to and confines of playing golf. He’s a smart guy.

Or if you’re in the UK, you might work with someone like Lee Cox, who coaches numerous long drivers, including two-time World Long Drive Champion Joe Miller.

First, let’s look at setup.

Open Your Lead Foot

I’ve written about this previously in more detail in this GolfWRX article, but basically, I advocate that most golfers should open up their lead foot up a bit toward the target.


Most people are a little more flexible turning their feet outward than inward. So, if you set up in this manner, you’ll probably still be able to make a sufficient length back swing, but you may then be able to fire through the ball a bit better while keeping balance and minimizing the risk of injury to your lead knee, lead hip, etc.

On a side note, this is a good place to briefly mention stance-width. Many long drive guys stand so wide that it similarly compromises their balance (and thus ball-striking). It also exposes them to potential injury.

If you open your rear foot as I did in the picture above, that’s a pretty good width. John Daly, Mike Austin, and Sam Snead are also good examples of not going so wide that they lose balance.

A Strong-Looking Grip


If you want to hit it farther, it’s often best to employ a “strong-looking” grip. I say “strong-looking” because it’s possible that you could turn your lead arm in your shoulder socket such that from a face-on viewpoint the grip looks strong, but the wrist position is still neutral. It would only look strong in 2D because of how your arm is oriented in your shoulder socket and not because you turned your hand.

In any case, a strong or stronger grip can help you get the club head get back to square at impact when swinging fast. It can also can simplify the back swing and downswing by eliminating a level of pronation and supination (wrist rolling) needed to get the club face in a good impact position. You can learn more about actions of the wrists and forearms in one of my previous GolfWRX articles here.

With a strong-looking grip, you can simply make a simple chopping motion (ulnar and radial deviation) with your lead hand back and down to impact… and either a chopping motion or throwing motion with your trail hand depending on whether that trail hand grip has a strong or neutral-looking grip, respectively.

Often, if you hear announcers and instructors saying that someone’s club face is “closed” or “shut” at the top of the back swing (I’m not really a fan of these terms, but that’s for another article) from a down-the-line viewpoint. It may be an indication that the golfer set up with a strong looking grip.

On the PGA Tour, think of guys like Ryan Palmer or Boo Weekley as examples of this.

A Long Backswing

If you look at average backswing length, long drivers will have a longer backswings than tour players, who will be longer than amateurs. Check out this picture of professional long drivers Ben Tuaone, Patrick Hopper, and Jim Waldron of Tour Striker from left to right. Those are some long swings!

The Backswings of Ben Tuaone, Patrick Hopper, and Tour Striker's Jim WaldronJim not only gets the club past parallel relative to the ground from this viewpoint, but he is past perpendicular! Amazing! Being able to swing this long doesn’t necessarily mean you will hit the ball all over the planet. I recall that in one previous study that I did, about one-third of PGA Tour players take the club past parallel. You can be an excellent ball striker and still have a long backswing.

The most popular example is probably John Daly, who has had a great golf career employing a very long back swing. Recently, I had the opportunity to caddy for Andre Bossert in the Senior PGA Championship, and we played the final round with John. His speed isn’t quite what it used to be, but the length of his backswing still helps him be as long as anyone in his peer age group.

Being able to swing longer with control fits more in the category of golf fitness, so we’ll cover that in the Part 3.

Let the Trail Leg Straighten and Lead Foot Come Off the Ground

Jack Nicklaus Swings The Club

That being said, if you want to lengthen your backswing without going through the golf fitness work, one way is to allow your trail leg to straighten in the backswing and let your lead heel come off the ground with an everted lead ankle. You’ll see this in older swing styles, most notably with Sam Snead.

Swing this way basically lets your hips turn farther back, which lets your upper body turn farther back. That lets the backswing lengthen, which can lead to longer drives.

High Hands

As TPI has also noticed, long hitters tend to have very high hands at the top of the back swing. Personally, I’ve always tended to have more of a lower-handed, flat backswing, but I can tell you I can swing faster from a higher-hand position at the top of the backswing.

I didn’t fully realize this until one day I was messing around on Kenn Hundley’s Long Ball Trainer (formerly the Golf Swing Emulator), which is basically a gym machine you can use to make weighted swings. I made my normal flat swing and was able to pull a certain amount of weight around my body in the downswing down to impact. After Kenn adjusted the tilt of the machine so my hands had to be higher at the top of the back swing, I could pull much more weight “down” in the downswing versus “around” with my normal flatter swing, which makes sense because you get a gravity assist. Sure enough, I tried the same higher-hands motion with my driver and my speed went up.

Parametric Acceleration

Parametric acceleration in the golf swing basically means that in the downswing, prior to and through impact, you provide an upward pulling force to the club, and this can then give the club a bit extra whip through impact.

You can do this in several ways. For example, you might pull with your lead arm so that it’s bent at impact. It generates sort of a chicken wing look like you see with two-time World Long Drive Champion Jamie Sadlowski. Another way is the two-foot “jump” through impact that is professed by some, and you’ll see that a bit in long drive when golfers are literally off the ground with both feet. On force plates, the pressure measurements go dark because the guys are airborne.

I don’t really like either of these movements, though, because I think they are hard to control and they mess with the low point of your swing, which makes good, consistent ball-striking more challenging. If a person is already functional doing either of those, fine, but I wouldn’t advise intentionally trying to incorporate either one.

My preferred way is a one-foot “jump” with a simultaneous tuck, or side-bending, of the trail side. In the downswing, as you get shifted over to your lead side, you push the lead shoulder up using your lead leg (but without jumping off the ground). At the same time, you crunching your trail side and bring the trail shoulder downward. Jaacob Bowden and Dan Shauger Demonstrate Leverage, the One Foot Jump, and Parametric Acceleration

From a face-on view in 2D, it might look like the taboo Reverse-C position that we are supposed to stay away from, but in 3D it’s side bend. Once you get through the ball, you can stand up. There’s no need to have any dramatic back bend.

Plus, this combo move helps preserve the relationship of your C7 vertebrae to the ground, which dictates where your low point is located while still allowing you to use your legs to leverage power to the golf ball through your spine and take advantage of parametric acceleration.

Lots of Hand Hit

The last thing I’ll mention in Part 1 is the amount of hand “hit” you see with golfers who drive the ball long relative to their size (think of the small golfer who hits it far). This is also true of golfers who are long hitters but don’t look like they’re swinging fast like Fred Couples or Mike Austin.

Long Driver Mike Austin Uses His Hands to Hit the Ball HardNote in the photo above of Mike Austin that his arms move only about 180 degrees in this photo, yet the club moves over 360 degrees in the same amount of time. There’s no trying to hold off the release in order to maximize compression. Rather, this is some serious hand slap!

I remember when Mike was in his 90s before he passed away, he would do this thing where he had me hold out my hand and he’d move his left arm through the range shown above and slap my outstretched hand. The first time would be “holding off the release,” and it felt like someone was giving me a soft, low five. The second time would be with some wrist flick and, man, that would sting my hand! That’s the kind of hurt that can be put on the ball.

As Mike used to say, “Don’t impede the pendulum.”

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Jaacob Bowden is a Professional Golfer, PGA of America Class A Member, Top 100 Most Popular Teacher, Swing Speed Trainer, the original founder of Swing Man Golf, the co-creator of "Sterling Irons" single length irons, and has caddied on the PGA TOUR and PGA TOUR CHAMPIONS. Formerly an average-length hitting 14-handicap computer engineer, Jaacob quit his job, took his savings and moved from Kansas to California to pursue a golf career at age 27. He has since won the Pinnacle Distance Challenge with a televised 381-yard drive, won multiple qualifiers for the World Long Drive Championships including a 421-yard grid record drive, made cuts in numerous tournaments around the world with rounds in the 60s and 70s, and finished fifth at the Speed Golf World Championships at Bandon Dunes. Jaacob also holds the championship record for golf score with a 72 in 55 minutes and 42 seconds using only 6 clubs. The Swing Man Golf website has more than 8,000 members and focuses primarily on swing speed training. Typically, Jaacob’s website members and amateur and tour player clients will pick up 12-16 mph of driver swing speed in the first 30 days of basic speed training. You can learn more about Jaacob, Swing Man Golf, and Sterling Irons here: Websites – & &; Twitter - @JaacobBowden & @SwingManGolf & @SterlingIrons; Facebook – & & <; Instagram - YouTube – – More than 2.8 million video views



  1. Professor X

    Sep 2, 2017 at 4:50 pm

    Let me clarify my 21% Kinetic Energy boost for a 10% clubhead speed increase.
    At the end of the golf swing kinetic chain we have the clubhead velocity at impact.
    To get the clubhead to the ball you must generate Kinetic Energy (KE) which is the high school physics formula:
    KE = 0.5 x Mass x Velocity squared….. or KE = 0.5mV^2
    Since the 0.5 mass of the clubhead is constant the KE is directly proportional to the velocity change squared.
    To get the increase in KE for changes in velocity you simply square ratio of the speed change.
    So, a 10% velocity increase is “1.10” squared, or 1.21 and a 21% KE increase.
    A 5% speed increase is “1.05” squared or ~1.10 and a 10% KE increase.
    To swing from 80 mph to 100 mph is a 25% increase and ~56% KE increase!
    Assuming you can swing accurately at any speed the question is how can you increase clubhead speed requiring disproportionate KE increases.
    The answer is likely increased shoulder torque and trail arm action, but in what sequence and proportion? And more shoulder torque requires full and properly aligned body action. But where does the KE generate from within the body? (sorry for the lecture)

  2. Realist

    Sep 2, 2017 at 8:40 am

    yall got it all wrong… just go buy the latest taylormade driver. Havent you heard? It’s 17 yards longer than the R15 which was 16 yards longer than the Jetspeed. The jet speed was 19 yards longer than the SLDR which was like 24 yards longer than the R1. I’ve already picked up over 100 yards just on equipment change alone.

    • timmy

      Sep 2, 2017 at 12:05 pm

      And now put a 50 inch Kuro Kage shaft into those driver heads and you will hit even further.

  3. Jacked_Loft

    Sep 2, 2017 at 5:56 am

    Great. I’ve lost 12 MPH driver speed in 2 years just because I changed most of what you’ve written about in order to hit more fairways. I keep it on the short stuff more often now, but score 2-3 shots higher as I’m hitting longer clubs into greens.

    • Jaacob Bowden

      Sep 2, 2017 at 9:43 am

      Ha, I know the feeling. I tried the same thing a number of years back.

      The good news is you can change back. You’ve done it before, so it can be easier to find again when you’ve been there before.

      Or if you like the new technique and want to keep all the things in your swing that give you greater accuracy, if you haven’t done it already, you could optimize your driving launch conditions (launch angle and spin rate per your club head speed with equipment to support it) to help make some of that up.

      Then there is swing speed training. In that way, there are no technical changes that have to be made but you raise your body’s ability to produce speed. It’s very possible to cover that 12 mph in about a month of training. More on that in Part 3 of this series.

      • Ron

        Sep 2, 2017 at 4:24 pm

        Can you still maintain control of the clubface after gaining 12 mph with swing speed training? I was able to rather quickly raise my driver swing speed by 10 mph but the shots were wild. I had to dial back.
        My question is what do you have to do to maintain face control after developing a new faster golf swing? Thanks.

        • Jaacob Bowden

          Sep 5, 2017 at 10:36 am

          Yes, absolutely.
          Although, I’d be curious to know what you were doing to raise your speed by 10 mph. If it was something technical it’s possible you added a power component and didn’t incorporate a necessary accuracy component too. Something along those lines.
          Generally speaking, I think technical changes can be more difficult to get comfortable with.
          The fitness changes (coming in Part 3) are easier. In fact, I find that often times as the weeks of training go on, golfers strike the ball better because of the added attention to the body and improving balance, strength, coordination, etc…as well as the mental mind/body mapping of how one’s swing works as well.
          Perhaps you were working over your tipping point as well. In my testing, golfers can handle about 92-95% of their maximum speed before starting to lose control of their golf ball. So maybe you really only increased what your body is capable of by 5 mph, which you could’ve handled, but were swinging above your threshold to get the extra 5 mph.

  4. Professor X

    Sep 2, 2017 at 2:46 am

    Parametric acceleration is Newtonian physics terminology. And jumping off the ground through impact is like tennis players jumping on their serve, which is essentially 180º apart from that of golfers.
    If you stay on the ground you have a “closed” kinetic chain of events and if you jump up you have an ‘open’ kinetic chain situation. In tennis the ball comes down to you on the serve while for golf the ball is stationary and you jump away from it. Sounds acrobatic but it happens to add to your force vectors at impact. Different biomechanics for each swing style.
    Here’s some interesting physics that you may appreciate. To increase your swing speed 10%, say from 80 to 88 mph, you must generate an additional 21% Kinetic Energy at impact. That’s scientific fact. So how can you generate a massive 21% energy increase that you can control? Trying harder is not the answer.

    Can you give us some encouraging and revealing hints, Jaacob? Talk about physical energy flow instead of just postural swing images. Thanks.

  5. Gorden

    Sep 1, 2017 at 10:29 pm

    As you pass the 65 age barrier a lot find the only power source left that works is arm speed as the body just will not keep up with the arm strength. I found using a more upright swing (such as taught by Don Trahan) and less body turn can give those arms a chance to perform. And tho it is recommend to keep that back swing shorter with this method you can still over swing the driver and let that arm strength speed up the driver with good/longer results…

    • Professor X

      Sep 2, 2017 at 11:43 am

      But shoulder torque whips the lead arm around while the trail arm is only extending outward for only the latter half of the downswing. If you can’t rotate your shoulders quickly the arms become rather impotent.
      Perhaps with your limited body rotation you are still accelerating your body more quickly over a shorter angular distance. IOW you are vigorously jerking your body around to maintain fast shoulder rotation and resulting faster arm speed.
      The arms on their own are not a “power source” even though they are moving fast and feel strong. The true power source is from your body from the shoulders to the feet — scientifically speaking — and the arms and club just flap around the body. Watch this on a youtube video and you will see that happening.

  6. Vombie

    Sep 1, 2017 at 6:16 pm

    Yea do all that stuff and then you’ll get the 80 yards of roll like on tv

  7. Brooklyn Irons

    Sep 1, 2017 at 5:27 pm

    This is definitely my issue: swing speed and distance. I have improved it (from 90 to 95/100) but still can’t really swing faster than that and hit beyond 220/230 yards…
    My handicap is not bad and around +10 or +12 strokes.
    Increasing swing speed is really hard for the majority of us, no ? How can I reach 105/110 mph?
    And I am 43… ????

    • Rob

      Sep 1, 2017 at 6:06 pm

      I think I have something that could help you. Send me a PM if you like.

    • Jaacob Bowden

      Sep 2, 2017 at 9:57 am

      Increasing swing speed can be difficult if you don’t know what to do. But armed with some good knowledge, motivation, and a little elbow grease over time, the sky is the limit to what you can add from a club head speed standpoint.

      At Swing Man Golf, it’s really common to pick up 12-16 mph (30-40 yards) in a month. We’ve had a number of more dedicated members add on over 30 or 40 mph. If you assume 2.5 yards/mph, that’s 75-100 yards. One guy I recall was in the mid to low 90s and he got himself all the way up in to the 130s. Another started in a similar position and got up in to the 140s. Both started competing in long drive.

      And the age doesn’t matter. I’m similar to you in age in that I’ll be 42 in January. A couple years ago, my speed had fallen all the way back down to 105 mph from being busy and not playing and training. So I put in about 3-4 months of hard work in the gym and got myself back up to a max of 133 mph with a 200 mph ball speed.

      The 3rd article in this series will get in to more of the golf fitness aspects of distance.

    • Professor X

      Sep 2, 2017 at 11:55 am

      You increased your swing speed about 10% (90 to 100 mph) to generate 21% more Kinetic Energy at impact. That’s phenomenal. How did you accomplish that?
      Now you want another 10% increase (100 to 110 mph) which means another 21% energy increase. Do you think your body has the capacity to generate 21% more Kinetic Energy and without extensive conditioning and sport-specific training? I doubt there are any easy ‘golf tips’ that will do that for you.

  8. Josh

    Sep 1, 2017 at 1:39 pm

    Hey jaacob!

    Great article!!!

    Can you expand a little on the “strong looking grip” specifically the relation of the clubface to the back of the lead hand?



    • Jaacob Bowden

      Sep 1, 2017 at 2:21 pm


      Hmmm, I could do an entire article on that because there are so many variables.

      Generally speaking, a strong grip would make your club face look “shut” at the top of the back swing (or at the point the club is parallel to the ground)…meaning the club face would not be squared up with back of the lead hand as is conventionally taught with a neutral looking grip setup. Rather, the club face would point more towards the sky at that point. The stronger the grip, the more it would likely point towards the sky.

      But even that is not a 100% thing because there are so many different ways to set up, so many different actions that could be made in the back swing, and so many things that could be done in the downswing.

      Click on my name in the main featured image and it will take you to my author page. Then go to the article “The 6 Actions of the Wrists and Forearms”. Hopefully that will give you a little more insight.

      • Josh

        Sep 1, 2017 at 4:07 pm

        I guess my confusion was did you mean to actually employ a stronger grip or simply rotate your hands to a stronger position without changing where your grip is currently at on the club, making it where the club face was more open at address if you employ a neutral or slightly weak grip. In my case I have gonna very neutral with my grip because I feel I can really get through the ball without bringing a hook ob into play.

        • Jaacob Bowden

          Sep 5, 2017 at 12:07 pm

          Hehe, yeah, it can definitely get confusing with all the variables that one can interchange.
          Changing something in the setup can change both the back swing and downswing…or not. Keeping the same setup and doing something different in the backswing can effect the downswing…or not. And so on.
          For me personally…
          I’m very consistent with a neutral grip and dead hands type swing. I’ve shot tournament rounds in the 60s that way. But I don’t get sufficient power on long courses. It’s not bad for short tight courses or short shots though.
          I can slap with my hands a bit without introducing rotation to pick up a bit more power while still hitting nicely for direction. I remember having a 69 at the Long Beach Open doing that.
          Neither of these I like how they “look”. But if scoring and function is the goal, one has to get over looks and just get it done.
          If I add rotation and cocking and un-cocking (the conventional golf swing), I get more power but lose tons of direction. I’ve never been able to play well doing this. I think I only broke 80 once like this…and that wasn’t even the back tees.
          If I go strong with my lead hand, I can use my hands a lot more for power. But doing that by just turning my lead hand can introduce a draw or hook. So it might need an open club face setup at impact or making sure I get the backswing and downswing moves grooved in the right way. But if I turn the lead hand from the shoulder socket, I don’t get as much of the draw or hook miss. Looking back at all of the different things I’ve tried, although it may not be the best way for everyone, I think this way gives me personally the best blend of accuracy and distance for the greatest amount of courses.
          There’s so much that can be done!

          So in that sense, when working with others, if I have someone who lacks power but hits the ball with a good tight dispersion and wants to keep that, I might look elsewhere other than the grip stuff we’re discussing to pick up power. It just depends on the person and their needs.

          I’d put equipment fitting as the easiest to implement, although even a good fitting can take time to adjust to, as the tool you are using is different. Second would be body training (coming in Part 3 of this series) as you still don’t have to change your swing for that and often times it you perform better with your existing swing from the attention you put in to your body. Third would be the technical type of stuff. Certain technical aspects aren’t too bad to adjust to. Others are more challenging.

  9. Philip

    Sep 1, 2017 at 9:52 am

    Or … maybe becoming a better player is a must to hitting it further.

    • Jaacob Bowden

      Sep 1, 2017 at 12:10 pm

      It’s both. Certainly as you improve your technique, you strike the ball better, etc…your distance goes up. But at some point, even the most accurate technically-perfect player with the finest short game will be limited by how far they can go based on their power.

      There’s a reason why the low end of club head speed on the PGA TOUR each year is typically around 105 mph. You simply can’t consistently compete over the entire season on tour length courses that average 7,250 yards with average club head speed that is less than that.

      • Andrew Cooper

        Sep 1, 2017 at 4:06 pm

        Yes, but once you’re around 110mph you can compete, as plenty tour pros show every week.

        • Jaacob Bowden

          Sep 2, 2017 at 10:12 am

          You are right, you can definitely be competitive at 110 provided you can support yourself by being sufficiently strong in other areas of the game.

          The range on the PGA TOUR each year is usually from about 105-125 mph with the tour average being about 113. I can tell you from personal experience that the game is a lot easier at 125 than 105, though. You can just get away with so much more and you don’t need to be as strong in the other areas to shoot the same scores.

          • Andrew Cooper

            Sep 3, 2017 at 10:20 am

            125mph is a great asset. However, maybe your pursuit of speed was detrimental to your game? Maybe an optimum speed around 120mph would’ve served you better? Given a better combination of power and control?
            Anyhow, When the human body is capable of swinging a club at 130-140+mph, it’s interesting that so many of the tour are swinging well below that. I’m not sure if there’s another sport where the best players often operate at such a sub optimal level. In your experience, do you think that there’s something inherent that holds back super long hitters? Maybe the extreme lag/loading, or the other move we associate with long drive guys, just makes it too difficult to get tour level distance and trajectory control, especially with mid and short clubs? Or too difficult to control face and path. Or maybe, like you suggest, with all that power, you simply don’t have to develop or be as strong in other areas? maybe they get so side tracked into chasing speed and lose sight of playing golf? Interested to hear your thoughts. Looking forward to the rest of the series. I’m sceptical that club head speed can be significantly increased, especially not with compromising control and accuracy, but I’m hoping that you’re going to prove me wrong!

            • Jaacob Bowden

              Sep 5, 2017 at 11:25 am

              It’s complicated, haha.
              I think the best way to increase club head speed is through swing speed training (which I’ll talk about in Part 3). In that sense, no technical changes are needed. You swing the same as you always have. However, your raise what you are capable of doing through physical training. Let’s say you max at 100 mph, but can control 95 mph. If you can get your max speed up to 120 mph, you’ll be able to control 114 mph. Similarly if you then work your way up to 140 mph, you’ll be able to control 133 mph. So raising your max raises your play speed. Plus, with the additional attention paid to your body and making it work better, I find that accuracy and ball-striking improve as well because the body has more strength, balance, etc.
              Long drivers aren’t on tour for a lot of reasons. There is motivation. The journeyman golfer life isn’t for everyone. It can be tough to keep going when you are in a slump, you are away from home and family, the weather is bad, etc. A lot is mental with things to overcome like fear of success, learning your true strengths, finding purpose is “just playing golf”, understanding how to play different golf courses, time management (getting practice in on the road, handling all your travel admin, etc), etc. Another aspect is money. A tour career is very expensive to pursue. Most long drive guys have full-time jobs and trying to work part-time and play part-time is just too hard when you have so many players who are fully supported. If you don’t have $100k/year lined up for you multiple years, it’s going to be very difficult to sustain long enough to break through. Asking someone, or even knowing someone, that is willing to part with that kind of money can be a challenge. Getting a sponsor for an event or two isn’t that bad, but you won’t get anywhere fast that way.
              I think guys on tour don’t swing that fast, in part because they don’t have the knowledge to do so, nor do the coaches and trainers. Golf fitness has certainly had a big boom this century, but the industry is still very young though. We’ve been getting consistently better distance outcomes at Swing Man Golf for years though, so that will change as the education continues to get out there. The days of a power tour player averaging 350 instead of 315 are not that far off.

              • Andrew Cooper

                Sep 5, 2017 at 4:07 pm

                Thanks for the reply Jacob, I appreciate that I threw a lot of questions at you in one go there! Good stuff and thanks for sharing. I’ll look forward to the next instalments as I’ve suspected that specialist speed training is the best/only way to significantly crank up speed.
                On why super long hitters haven’t broken through on tour, I’d say the expense, hassles and pressures of making the journey to the elite level is the same for any regular guy (I.e. Anyone without serious money funding them) regardless of their club head speed-so not sure that’s the reason. I just wonder if there’s a point, maybe around 130mph+, where the technique developed to achieve that speed just doesn’t square with achieving tour level consistency and control.

  10. Andrew Cooper

    Sep 1, 2017 at 9:12 am

    Good stuff Jaacob and look forward to the rest of the series. Easy to follow and lots of good advice: a body friendly stance, a stronger grip, letting the hips turn on the way back, and allowing the hands to work through impact.
    However, I’d question your deduction that “..more distance is a must in order to become a better player”. I’d say there are lots of ways to get better, without adding any distance. Indeed a player may even score better swinging at 85-90%, losing a little distance, but keeping their shots in play more often. More distance is only a must if you’re aim is to become better at long driving contests. More distance may help you become a better player.

    • Jaacob Bowden

      Sep 1, 2017 at 12:00 pm


      I’d agree there are lots of ways to get better without adding distance. Those numbers above are just averages. So there are definitely ranges and exceptions. However, the general correlation still exists. As a “generalization” of “all” golfers, better players are longer and straighter from tee to green.

      You mentioned the 85-90%. Interestingly, I’ve actually tested that to see where the tipping point is located. In my observation, golfers can typically go up to 92-95% (I’ve had one guy at 97%) of their max before they start losing control. In long drive, in most cases you want to red line it…there’s only a handful who are fast enough to back off on speed and still advance through early rounds. But in golf, it’s smart to stay below your personal threshold, to keep it in play as you mentioned. 85-90% is certainly under that. But 92-95% is a bit closer to the actual line.

      • Andrew Cooper

        Sep 1, 2017 at 3:32 pm

        Thanks for the reply. I wasn’t wanting to be pedantic as I get the general correlation. However, as the graph shows, it does tend to flatline a little once around the 110-115mph mark-where most elite players are. Certainly you get into a diminishing marginal returns situation after that. Yet I’ve heard so many golfers who swing +- 2 or3 mph off tour average who reckon that to aspire to that level that they need to get more power, when the reality is that it’s often the least of their worries.
        And for higher handicappers, a bit of short game work and some smarter course management is often going to be a much easier and quicker way to score lower.

        • Professor X

          Sep 2, 2017 at 4:13 pm

          I agree that for the higher handicappers the short game and smart course management, plus better putting will lower scores. In fact, most recreational golfers shouldn’t even bag a driver because in all likelihood they will never master the driver due to it’s long shaft and low loft. Any slight deviation within the driver swing and the error is magnified at impact.
          Furthermore, slow swing speed (below 90 mph) will cause a “distance compression” in the longer clubs, where a 3 wood will be longer and straighter than the driver and the spread between long clubs is much less than the usual 10-12 yards.
          The reality is that a slow swing speed is vulnerable to body glitches caused by big muscle inconsistency. Also the ball is not compressed adequately to derive proper performance with the driver no matter how fancy it is.
          A set consisting of a 3-wood, 7-wood, 4 hybrid, 6-9 irons and a couple of wedges is usually optimal. Master 10 clubs and you have a decent sub-bogey game. A full 14 club bag is for sub-10 handicappers and club lovers.
          That’s the reality. The driver is the main cause of high scores for low swing speed golfers trying to look and play macho golf.

  11. Adam

    Sep 1, 2017 at 8:41 am

    I watched a long drive competition, and very few drives actually stay in bounds. That’s a bit scary on a real fairway.

    I see lots of college and high school golfers who’d be top 10% on the PGA tour in swing speed and driving distance, but the consistent accuracy is not there.

    • Someone

      Sep 1, 2017 at 10:43 am

      i agree. there’s also a reason why long drive pros are not winning on the pga tour.

      • Jaacob Bowden

        Sep 1, 2017 at 11:45 am

        I would say there are many reasons why long drive pros are not winning on the PGA TOUR.

        Some of it is knowledge. Most tour players (and golfers in general) don’t really know how to train to hit the ball far like a professional long driver.

        As a tour player, you also want to be careful about breaking anything that got you on tour. Technical changes are perhaps the most dangerous. Equipment changes aren’t as bad. There’s lots of players who are required to play the latest stuff as part of their paid contracts. Body changes I think are reasonably safe, but you even with those you have to really monitor your distances to make sure you keep hitting your approaches close.

        Part of it is funding. Pursuing a tournament career is very expensive. You are basically an independent contractor and have to cover all your own expenses. So if you play a 25 event schedule, that’s a lot of cost for hotels, car rentals, flights, entry fees, etc…not to mention your basic cost of living. You really need $100-120k/year to cover all that and live decently. Add in that most golfers, even top tour players, go through cycles of how well they play. If you have an off week during one of the stages of Q-School, it’s another year before you can go again. To do it responsibly, you really need to be fully backed for a minimum of several years. A large OEM might only help out a few players who had elite amateur careers. So for the majority, it’s left up to personal savings, family support, small business help, etc. Trying to work part-time and compete part-time (most long drive guys have full-time jobs) is challenging when there’s no shortage of fully backed players. It also doesn’t help that the mini tour purses are smaller and top loaded. In a full 154 man field, only the top 20 might cover their expenses for the week for a 3rd level tour.

        There are other reasons as well. It’s complicated.

        But I don’t think it will be long though before we see a professional long driver break through as a player…or a tour player start understanding how to train from a golf fitness standpoint (more about that in Part 3 of this series) to hit the ball as far as a long driver.

    • Jaacob Bowden

      Sep 1, 2017 at 11:20 am

      Keep in mind the differences in the goals of long drive and golf. In the long drive competitions, you typically get 8 balls to get one in the grid…and it’s not uncommon to advance or be eliminated by just a single yard. So the risk can be worth it to swing 100% at a ball because all it takes is one good one.

      If you put long drivers in a golf situation, they are often actually surprisingly good players because the par 5s are basically par 4s and you get a lot of wedges on par 4s. Jason Zuback played the Canadian Tour, Sean Fister has played as a plus handicap golfer, Jamie Sadlowski has made cuts in events, etc. If you can swing in the mid 140s or even 150 mph in long drive but then back off to 130 or 135 mph on a golf course to keep the ball in play, you have a big advantage…not to mention you could hit a 2-iron off the tee to keep the ball in play while others guys would hit driver.

      I agree that there are lots of college and high school golfers who are long hitters but don’t have the consistent accuracy. Some of that could also be underdeveloped course management skills, ego control, lack of discipline, lack of experience, etc. But I’d definitely take the distance over not having the distance. I’ve played mini tour events swinging in the high 120s and also ones around 105. Even given the same dispersion percentages, being a long hitter makes the game much easier. On the upper end, I remember almost always having an iron in to par 5s. On the lower end, I’d be lucky to reach a lot of par 5s with 3-wood.

    • Justin

      Sep 1, 2017 at 2:49 pm

      You can teach someone to be accurate who hits it a mile. You can’t teach someone who is accurate to hit it a mile. You are seeing a bunch of junior teachers preaching distance techniques first then dialing in accuracy later.

      • Rob

        Sep 1, 2017 at 3:39 pm

        Bingo. It’s also tough to focus on both at the same time. Speed/distance and control/accuracy are diametrically opposed.

      • Rob Harrand

        Sep 1, 2017 at 6:04 pm

        What I’ve found is that it is pretty difficult to realize your true maximum swing-speed potential if you never harnessed it, especially during your early years. For example, if you’ve only ever swung at 75% output, that extra 25% has never been tapped into and eventually, as you get older, that 75% becomes your 100%. If you’re constantly training yourself to move at submaximal velocity, that’s exactly how you’re going to move. So basically, to swing as fast as possible, you have to practice swinging as fast as possible and the earlier you do, the higher your ceiling for maximum swing-speed.

        There are a lot of hockey and baseball players that grow up constantly swinging as hard as possible and they can hammer a golf ball because of it. Conversely, until recently, a lot of young golfers have been taught to swing “smooth” or “easy” and although more accurate, they have a more difficult time unlocking their true swing-speed potential… especially once they’re older.

        So I definitely agree, it makes a lot of sense to work on maximum swing-speed first, especially at a young age. This way, you will have learned what true 100% output is and you will always have the option of tapping into it or dialing it back to 75% for better accuracy.

        • acemandrake

          Sep 1, 2017 at 6:44 pm

          All true. The equipment being used has a lot to do with this.

          The ball used to go sideways in a hurry when playing real woods and balata balls. The priority used to be to first control the ball and then add distance.

          Today’s equipment makes it much easier to hit a straight shot (A good player I know bought new irons for the first time in 20 years and was dismayed by how difficult it was for him to “work” the ball).

          Junior golfers must be having fun learning distance before direction!

        • Golf Dad

          Sep 2, 2017 at 5:02 pm

          But always swinging ‘full out’ by children can be injurious to young growing bodies. My family doctor warned against repetitive stress and resulting strain injuries in young children because it can adversely affect their growth patterns that will haunt them in the future. Not for my children.
          Look at what the golf swing has done to Tiger Woods back and spine. He’s a crock with chronic injury pain for the rest of his life.

          • Rob

            Sep 3, 2017 at 5:28 pm

            Fair point but they don’t have to always swing full out. Nothing wrong with getting on a proper mobility and strength program and swinging full out once or twice a week for 20 swings though. It doesn’t take a lot.

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Davies: The Trail Elbow In The Downswing



In this video, I discuss the role of the trail elbow in the downswing. I also share some great drills to help golfers deliver the trail elbow correctly, which will help improve distance and contact.

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The 3 different levels of golf practice



“I would have practiced as hard, but I would have made my practice more meaningful. I would have worked more on my short game and putting. I would’ve done a lot more drills to make the practice more meaningful, and I would’ve added pressure to the practice as much as possible.” — Lee Westwood

Now here’s the rub. Practice is not monolithic! I approach practice as having three different, distinctive and separate curriculum and criteria.

  • Level 1: Basic
  • Level 2: Advanced
  • Level 3: Extreme

Basic Practice (Level 1) by definition is “repeated exercise in or performance of an activity or skill so as to acquire or maintain proficiency in it.” Basically, it’s doing the same thing over and over again to get better at it. My favorite skill that requires practice is the 76-yard “flighted wedge.” I do it, and I recommend it be done at every range practice session. Additionally, I identify and then practice as many different “skills” that are required to hit different golf shots. I have found that a non-pressurized environment is the best way to practice in a basic model.

It goes without saying that golf is not played in a pressure-free environment, so basic practice doesn’t help us play golf. The prime objective of Level 2 Practice (Advanced Training) is to take what you do in Basic Practice to the golf course.

First, create on-course situations that require you to hit the shots you have practiced. There should be rewards for demonstrations of competence, and there should be consequences for demonstrations of incompetence

“When you practice, try to find a situation to fit the shot you’re trying to practice.” — Ben Hogan

For example, a major problem is the unevenness of the lies you will encounter during play as opposed to the lies you used for your drills. From marginal to extreme, lies are difficult to replicate on the practice tee. So, play a round of golf and move the ball into the most undesirable lie that is very close to where you are.

Another example would be duplicating the creativity that is sometimes required during actual play. The prime example of that would be the sensation of “being in-between clubs.” I would suggest that you play an occasional round of golf using only half of your clubs. Take two wedges instead of four. Take only the “odd” or “even” numbered irons. Look at not taking the driver, or not taking all of your fairway clubs. I have not taken my putter, which forced me putt with my sand wedge!

A third example would be to play a round of golf and deliberately miss every green in regulation. Should your ball accidentally finish on the green in regulation just move it off into the rough, a bunker or whatever else could use the extra attention. You can create games where your opponent moves your ball off the green into something that would be advantageous to him.

Level 2 Practice is conducted on the practice ground as well as on the course. What I do and recommend is to take each of the shots, skills and drills used in Level 1 and add some accountability to the range experience. I have my students and clients use a “Practice Book” to schedule activities and to keep track of improvement.

Author Note: I will send you a sample practice book page that many of my players actually use. Request it at

Please be advised that Level 2 Practice can feature games, wagering or other forms of friendly competitions because they should only activate the lesser emotions of irritation, annoyance, anticipation, anxiousness, joy, pleasure and disappointment. Dealing with these feelings in practice will help you recognize and deal with the minor stresses experienced by most recreational golfers.

Stress is the major cause of “CHOKING.”

Stress, by definition “is a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or very demanding circumstances.” Stress can ruin our ability to perform when we experience the major emotions such as fear, anger, shame, humiliation, euphoria, ridicule, betrayal, doubt and/or disbelief.

Level 3 Practice (Extreme Preparation) is on-course training sessions best suited for very serious competitive golfers. The more a player is able to compete in a simulated or controlled environment that accurately replicates the actual “pressures” that produce the kind of stresses that can effect performance, the better the player will perform when stressed in actual tournaments or events. Please be advised that Extreme Practice DOES NOT feature games, gambling or “friendly” competitions. They don’t control the conditions of play sufficiently to replicate the type of pressure that would induce “stress.”

“Simulation, which  is a technique (not a technology) to replace and amplify real experiences with guided ones, often “immersive” in nature, that evoke or replicate substantial aspects of the real world in a fully interactive fashion.” For many years now, the medical profession has used simulations to train doctors, the military has used simulations to prepare troops for the realities of the battlefield and aviation has used simulators to train pilots. Simulating has the added benefits of being cost and time effective while producing verifiable results.

If it’s possible for airlines to replicate every possible scenario that a pilot could experience in the cockpit by using simulations, then why isn’t it possible to replicate situations, and subsequent emotional responses, that a competitive golfer could experience on the golf course? Let me give you an example of what I mean.

“I got nervous all the time, as nervous as the next guy. It’s just that I caught myself before it became destructive.” Jack Nicklaus

Recent events at the WGC-Dell Technologies Match Play gives us some evidence of the destructiveness of uncontrolled emotions. Justin Thomas said that he couldn’t get the thought out of his mind of becoming the No. 1-ranked player in the world should he defeat Bubba Watson in the semi-finals, which he failed to do.

“I haven’t had such a hard time not thinking about something so much,” Thomas said. “And that really sucked. I couldn’t stop thinking about it, to be perfectly honest.”

Then there was Ian Poulter being told that with his win over Louis Oosthuizen he had earned a spot in this years’ Masters tournament only to be told 10 minutes before his next match that he had not actually secured the coveted invitation. With elation, joy and satisfaction jerked away and replaced with disappointment, and possibly anger, the Englishman went out and got whipped by Kevin Kisner 8 & 6!

I concede that Justin Thomas’ and Ian Poulter’s situations were so unique that simulation-based practice and preparation techniques may not have been available to them, but now they both must know that their performance was effected negatively by mental stresses. And with that knowledge they may want to get tougher mentally. Level 3 Practice does that!

Not all that long ago, I was approached by a PGA Tour veteran for some on-course, one-on-one training. He was experiencing severe “choking” in pressurized short-game situations. So I took him out on the course and we replicated the exact shots he had problems with in the past. He demonstrated that he could perform each and every shot in a stress-free environment. We went into a “low-stress” training environment and his performance began to suffer. Then, at his urging to get “real,” we went into a “high-stress” practice mode and he melted down. Without going into details, he became so angry that not only couldn’t he hit golf shots, he tried to run me down with the golf cart as he retreated to the safety of his car.

Now, that’s not the end of the story. A few hours later, after some soul searching, he apologized for his lack of self-control and acknowledged that he had recognized the early signs of stress growing internally as we worked. We went back out onto the course and got back to work.

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Winning Ways: Here’s what it takes to become a winner in Junior Girls golf



Every competitive golfer strives to win, and I want to help them achieve their goals. Recently, I wrote a story highlighting the statistics behind winning in junior boys golf, and how they can do it more often. Now, we set out to examine the data on winning in junior girls golf, and provide ways they can improve. The data is based on an analysis of tournament results from all events during the 2017 year from the Junior Tour of Northern California. We then asked stats guru, Peter Sanders, Founder of, to provide the stats related to the winning scoring numbers that we found. Finally, we discuss ways that juniors can practice building skills and work towards becoming tournament winners.

The Winning Scores

In 2017 the Junior Tour of Northern California held 26 tournaments with 850+ members. According to our data collection based on information available on the website, the average girl’s tournament course measured 6145 yards. The average winning score for girls was 146 (36 holes), or 73 per round. Ten of the 22 tournaments where won with scores of 144 or better and the low 36 holes total was a whopping 133! In the data collection we also collected the average 10th place scores girls. The average 10th place score for girls was 159 or 79.5.

The Winning Stats

We provided the numbers to statistics expert Peter Sanders. Peter’s company has been providing Strokes Gained analysis for golfers for the last 29 years. Peter is the founder of, a website that provides golfers at all levels with Strokes Gained analysis, pinpoints specific strengths and weaknesses and highlights improvement priorities. Since the launch of in 2005, Peter has collected over 317,000 rounds. Accordingly, Peter has agreed to share the numbers, below, for a typical female player who averages 73. There are two important points to consider when reviewing these statistics:

  1. In order to have a complete picture of the puzzle that is golf, one must consider the ERRORS, or lack thereof, that play such an important role in scoring at every level. Even the 650+ PGA Tour stats ignore these important miscues. Shot By Shot has included them in their analysis from the beginning and they are highlighted in the infographics below.
  2. The data provided represents only tournament rounds. As such it will primarily represent the high school and college programs that use

Infographics Created by Alexis Bennett

The Winning Preparation

Junior girls are encouraged to use these stats as a benchmark against their own performance to determine where they might need to improve against the “typical 73 player.” After identifying gaps in their game, they can then create practice plans to help improve. For example, a junior might notice they have more 3-putts than the model. To improve, they could work put more time into practice, as well as playing games on the golf course like draw-back and 2-putt.

  • Drawback is a game where after your first putt, you draw the second putt one putter length away from the hole. This often changes a shorter putt (> 2 feet) to a putt of between 3.5 – 5 feet. This putts significantly more pressure on your putting.
  • You may also play Two-Putt, a game where when you reach the green, you (or your playing competitor) tosses the ball away from the hole. You must 2-putt from that spot to move to the next hole (even if it takes a couple attempts!).

Others reading this article might find that they don’t hit enough greens. Improving this area will require more consistent strikes, which may require further technical development and block practice, as well as working on the golf course. To start, I would recommend that every junior implement the yardage rule. The yardage rule works like this; figure out the distance to the very back of the green. For example, this number may be 157. Then figure out what club ALWAYS flies 157, which might be 6-iron. Then choose 7-iron for the shot. This way your best shot will not fly the green, your average shot will likely be in the middle of the green and your less-than-perfect shot will hopefully end up on the front of the green.

During practice rounds, play competitive games with yourself to sharpen your ability to hit greens. For example, if you normally hit 7 greens per round, in practice your goal might be 9. You would track your results over a month and then see your progress.

Beyond building individual skills, like hitting greens or working on putting, junior golfers need times to play competitive rounds on their home golf courses. Ideally, these rounds are played against other people with similar skills and done under tournament like conditions with consequences (loser buys winner a coke or cleans their golf clubs). Playing hundreds of rounds at your home golf course under these conditions gives you a unique opportunity to sharpen your game, learn your tendencies and build skills such as endurance and mental toughness. Most importantly, it teaches you to win and shoot under par!

Please also keep in mind building these skills may take months (or even years). In my own personal experience, when I set out to improve my birdies per round, it took nearly 4 months and 75+ rounds and significant practice to begin to see a change. Depending on your schedule and access to resources like a golf course and instructor, some changes might take a year or more. Regardless, don’t ever worry; building a solid foundation in golf will always lead to rewards!

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19th Hole