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Faults and Fixes: Open Club Face at the Top

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This is the second article in our “Faults and Fixes” series with PGA Master Professional Dennis Clark. In this series, Dennis explains specific swing flaws and the method in which they should be fixed to produce the best long-term results. 

Fault: Open Club Face at the Top

One of the most common swing faults I encounter with golfers is one where they tend to get the club face open at the top of the swing or even sooner. And if you look at the video at the top of this article, you’ll see a club face that is considered “open” at the top.

Note: Even a “square” face is actually 90 degrees open to the target at the top of the backswing, but the club face you see here is very open to the path/arc of that swing.  

Now it’s true that the cause is the grip this golfer employs, as well as the “cup” or “extension” in his the lead wrist, but those problems should be dealt with later. Why? You’re watching at a golfer who fights a very severe hook. Yes, even with his open club face at the top he can hook the ball off the planet.

But just for a second, let’s pretend we started by correcting the club face at the top of his swing. What would happen? I can tell you, because this golfer was aware of his fault so he asked me to fix it. And when I corrected the club face for him, his shots barely got off the ground and dove hard left. Why? Because this golfer has learned to play what’s called “open-to-shut” golf. What that means is he has become adept at flipping the club closed into impact.

On my FlightScope, this golfer’s path measured +4 degrees (in to out) and his Boditrak center of pressure trace showed 65 percent of his pressure on his trail leg at impact. Basically, he was hanging back and flipping the club closed at impact.

So the two big problems for this golfer are his path and his inability to get through the golf ball. He is used to hooking the ball, so he has ingrained his move reflexively. That’s why I did not want to immediately correct his club face position. To do the correction in that sequence would make the problem worse, not better. Yes, his swing might look better on video, but as we saw his ball flight got worse.

So what to do?

In this case we worked on setting up a little open to the target and we moved the golf ball slightly forward. I also wanted him to feel his body rotate through the ball more. This correction took some hook out of the ball flight and enabled him to “finish” the shot, or follow through. Over time his swing actually started to produce the ball flight it should with an open club face at the top: a weak push/block to the right. Then we squared the face and the correction was complete.

Again, it’s critical to pay attention to impact before changing anything in a golf swing. It’s just like the previous Faults and Fixes article where we met a golfer with a plane that was too steep. It couldn’t be corrected until the student understood that his reaction to the flaw was the problem, not the flaw itself. This week’s student had to learn that his reaction to his open face was causing the swing flaw, not the open face itself. Once that was understood, he was (and still is) on his way!

If you’re interested in having me take a look at a video of your swing as part of my online instruction service, you can contact me at dennisclarkgolf@gmail.com.

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Dennis Clark is a PGA Master Professional. Clark has taught the game of golf for more than 30 years to golfers all across the country, and is recognized as one of the leading teachers in the country by all the major golf publications. He is also is a seven-time PGA award winner who has earned the following distinctions: -- Teacher of the Year, Philadelphia Section PGA -- Teacher of the Year, Golfers Journal -- Top Teacher in Pennsylvania, Golf Magazine -- Top Teacher in Mid Atlantic Region, Golf Digest -- Earned PGA Advanced Specialty certification in Teaching/Coaching Golf -- Achieved Master Professional Status (held by less than 2 percent of PGA members) -- PGA Merchandiser of the Year, Tri State Section PGA -- Golf Professional of the Year, Tri State Section PGA -- Presidents Plaque Award for Promotion and Growth of the Game of Golf -- Junior Golf Leader, Tri State section PGA -- Served on Tri State PGA Board of Directors. Clark is also former Director of Golf and Instruction at Nemacolin Woodlands Resort. He now directs his own school, The Dennis Clark Golf Academy at the JW Marriott Marco Island in Naples, Fla.. He can be reached at dennisclarkgolf@gmail.com

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Instruction

Gabe Hjertstedt teaches Doc Rivers how to hit the lofted chip shot

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In the first episode of this instructional series with Short Game Guru Gabe Hjertstedt and NBA Coach for the Los Angeles Clippers Doc Rivers, Gabe teaches Doc how to hit the lofted chip shot to get the ball to stop quicker on the green.

Look out for more videos this week including more from Gabe and Doc’s short game session, their full lesson, and our interview with Doc.

Enjoy the first video below!

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Instruction

WATCH: How to hit your driver more consistently

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In this video, I share two great drills that will help you improve your driving today.

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Instruction

3 keys for getting out of bunkers with soft sand

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One of the most infuriating things in golf is to land in a bunker that has too much sand, or sand with the consistency of a truckload of talcum power. Now, I am not picking on the Superintendents; they do have to add new sand from time-to-time, so no hate mail please! It’s my fault for hitting it in the bunker in the first place, and bunkers are supposed to be hazards; I know that.

The one thing we will assume for this article is that even though we are in soft sand, we will have a good lie, not a plugged or semi-plugged one. We are in a bunker that just has a bunch of sand, or it’s soft and fluffy sand. Everyone asks me what the secret is to handling these types of conditions and I’m here to help you get better.

1) Get a wedge with the correct bounce

Let’s consider that you play the same golf course every weekend, or that you mostly play on courses that have the same type of playing conditions mostly. When you have this luxury, you should have wedges that fit the conditions you tend to play. So, if you have a low bounce wedge with a sharp flange and you’re playing from bunkers with lots of sand, then you are putting yourself at a disadvantage.

Why alter your swing if the wedge you have can help you? Use a high bounce wedge (9-12 degrees of bounce) for soft sand, and a low bounce wedge (6-8 degrees) for firm sand.

2) Control your Angle of Attack 

As with most things in golf, there are always things that you must pay attention to in order for you to have the odds in your favor. Simple things such as paying attention to the lie you have can help you save shots in the rough. In bunkers, you cannot test the surface, however, you can use your feet to feel the density of the sand. Pay attention to what you feel in the balls of your feet. If you feel a ton of sand below you, then you know you will have to alter your angle of attack if you want any chance to get out of the bunker successfully.

So what do I mean by this?

The setting of your wrists has a very dynamic effect on how much the wedge digs in or skids through the sand (assuming you have an open face). When there is a surplus of sand, you will find that a steeper attack caused by the maximum cocking of your wrists makes it much easier for the wedge to work too vertical and dig too deep. When you dig too deep, you will lose control of the ball as there is too much sand between the blade and the ball — it will not spin as much and won’t have the distance control you normally have.

The secret to playing from softer sand is a longer and wider bunker swing with much less wrist-set than you would use on your stock bunker shot. This action stops the club from digging too deep and makes it easier for you to keep moving through the ball and achieving the distance you need.

3) Keep your pivot moving

It’s nearly impossible to keep the rotation of your shoulders going when you take too much sand at impact, and the ball comes up short in that situation every time. When you take less sand, you will have a much easier time keeping your pivot moving. This is the final key to good soft-sand bunker play.

You have made your longer and more shallow backswing and are returning to the ball not quite as steeply as you normally do which is good… now the only thing left to do is keep your rear shoulder rotating through impact and beyond. This action helps you to make a fuller finish, and one that does not lose too much speed when the club impacts the sand. If you dig too deep, you cannot keep the rear shoulder moving and your shots will consistently come up short.

So if you are in a bunker with new sand, or an abundance of sand, remember to change your bounce, adjust your angle of attack, and keep your pivot moving to have a fighting chance.

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