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Can anyone learn to be a short-game legend?



From time to time we have all marveled at the shot-making ability of golf’s short-game legends: Paul Runyon, Raymond Floyd, Ben Crenshaw, Phil Mickelson, Tiger Woods, Paul Azinger and of course, Seve Ballesteros. What they did in the primes of their careers rivaled magic in a superhuman demonstration of raw talent… or was it? Was their talent innate and special to them or was it learned? And if it was learned, can anyone learn it?

Paul Azinger, who wanted so desperately to be as good as he could possibly be at golf, discovered that it wasn’t imagination and talent that separated the best from the rest; it was choices. The best looked at the pending shot through the prism of alternatives. They could see that there were at least five different shots, three of which were “pitch shots” and two of which were versions of different “chip shots,” and each could be used from the lie and situation they were facing. All that was required was to decide which one to use, set up correctly and then execute the one chosen.

The short answer to the question, “Can anyone become really good at the short game,” is YES! The how is really simple and straightforward. Learn as many short-game shots as possible and then get really good at them.

One of the things I highly recommend serious golfers do is to program the DVR to record every televised golf tournament. Go back, stop the action and then study every relevant shot in slow motion.

For example, let’s look at how Hideki Matsuyama executes a Phil Rodgers basic pitch shot using a lofted wedge. His setup is slightly open, ball centered, hands centered and weight is centered to maybe slightly back. There isn’t a divot so the attack angle is shallow, the bounce is engaged, club face remains open, hips rotate to the left and the hands never get above the belt line. The ball flies low, but softly onto the green. It checks on the second bounce then dribbles to the pin.

Since Matsuyama is in contention what seems like every week, I have witnessed this same shot a dozen times from different lies and under many different circumstances. Skip to 44 seconds in the video below to watch him in action at the 2016 Hero World Challenge.

Using the DVR, I have identified five separate and distinctive chip shots, three different and distinctive ways to play a standard bunker shot, three basic ways to pitch the ball and any number of lobs and flops. I simply watched what the best players in the world do and then copy each shot exactly as played. On the flip side, I also saw what was attempted and didn’t work.

Another thing I have my coaching clients do is to chart each and every round they play using a special game-improvement scorecard that I developed many years ago. This scorecard asks the questions why and how shots were lost or dropped. This form of charting reveals patterns, identifies weaknesses and puts a spotlight on what needs improvement. I will be happy to share this scorecard with you if you write to me at

Earlier, I stated that developing a really good short game was simple and straightforward, but it isn’t easy. To be great requires dedication, discipline and an awful lot of specialized practice. I use a process I call “Perfect Practice,” which consists of individual segments I label as Remedial, Practice, Drills and Rehearsals.

Remedial is basic learning used to develop a particular skill or shot, which is best done step by step in slow motion or in a static mode. For example, you want to learn the firm-wristed, basic chip shot as taught by Hank Haney. You would learn the pieces of the basic setup: slightly open stance, feet close together but not close to touching, hands forward, weight forward and ball back. You would then learn the correct way to move the club and strike the ball. The emphasis in this segment is learning correct positions, stations, angles and locations, not on speed.

Practice by definition is repetition to improve skill. Skills are improved by moving the club and striking the ball correctly hundreds, if not thousands of times. The emphasis is placed on correctly improving speed and fluidity. Correct movement develops “muscle memory,” implicit memory, motor skills and motor programs. As the motor programs are developed, refined and habitualized they begin a process known as “feel.”

Eventually each motor program, or shot, will have its own individual feel. Once the ability to demonstrate smoothly, correctly and repetitively a particular shot set-up a “Practice Book” and move into drills. I will be happy to share a practice book in what I call “Hogan Lifetime Format,” again by email. Just ask and I will send it out as an attachment.

Drilling is the process concerned and focused on results. As the feel for each shot is developing, it becomes necessary to refine the action to determine the effectiveness of our “Repetitive Practice.” I use a system known as “Deliberate Practice” to establish a baseline and then track improvement in objective and quantitative terms.

“Deliberate Practice is an activity that’s explicitly intended to improve performance by reaching for objectives just beyond your level of competence, while providing objective feedback on results involving high levels of repetition,” says Dr. K Anders Ericsson, a renowned “expert on experts.”

If a shot is to be effectively used during play, the success parameters must be known. Can I land the ball where I want? Does the ball check or release as required? In my system, drilling is the essence of the scoring process and forms the foundation for training and preparation.

Rehearsals are simulations of play where pressure, stress and consequences are introduced. This is much more than playing golf or practicing. The object, as it is in a dress rehearsal for a Broadway show, is to see what works. Just as important is to see what doesn’t work in particular situations. You’ve learned a shot, you’ve practiced and drilled it. Now, can you do it when it matters?

By the controlling of circumstances and the resulting consequences, every shot can be put to the test in a simulated pressure cooker. Rehearsing is time efficient and has proven to be a more effective training method over time than actually playing in tournaments. Failure in rehearsal results in enlightenment and then more practice and drills. Failure in competition results in severe consequences such as higher scores, embarrassment and self-loathing.

As Bobby Jones once said: “The secret of golf is to turn three shots into two.” To paraphrase, “The secret of the short game is to never turn two shots into three.” So, unless you hit 100 percent of the greens in regulation, you need a dependable, multifaceted short game.

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Ed Myers is the author of Hogan’s Ghost, Golf’s Scoring Secret and The Scoring Machine. He was the Director of Instruction at Memphis National Golf Club, and he is currently the scoring coach for players on all professional tours. "The Ultimate Scoring and Performance Experience" an all day program featuring on course private instruction and unlimited play with "Hogan's Ghost." is now available. More than a "golf school"and more than just short game. Individualized evaluation determines where to start the experience. Learn and work according to your goals, preferences and ability. All practice is supervised and structured to ensure maximum benefit and verifiable results. Program runs Monday -Friday from April through October, 2018. See you in Memphis, Tenn. "The Distance Coaching Program" is now available to all level of golfers worldwide. Thanks to modern technology everyone, everywhere, can train like a touring professional. Learn more about Ed at He can be reached at



  1. Mbwa Kali Sana

    Mar 7, 2017 at 12:55 pm

    The best short game player ever was SEVE BALLETEROS .What Butch says ,and also the well advised commentators OF this blog ,fits well with what SEVE said and wrote .Just go over what hé describes in his not so many books .Réview also THE films OF how hé ridiculed THE best players in THE world at THE various ( very difficult ) BRITISH OPENS hé won ,by the virtue OF his miraculous short game and putting .Like another GREAT short game player Phil MICKELSON ,his long game was really lousy ,but his outstanding recoveries and short game made up for his shortcomings in his driving .
    M’y advice is to keep THE Ball as low as possible ,and make it run .Forget THE high parachute shots ” a la MICKELSON” ,there are easy to miss .I saw SEVE missing Some OF them as well as sand shots hé wanted to spin too much .Évén GOD CAN make mistakes !

  2. David Ober

    Mar 7, 2017 at 9:57 am

    Fantastic article and somewhat of a crusade of mine as well.

    Lately I’ve been telling my low handicap buddies:

    1) Assess the lie

    2) Assess whether you can spin the ball or not

    3) Assess whether you can elevate the ball or not

    4) Assess the pin and where it sits on the green

    5) Take info from the steps 1 – 3 and apply to step 6)

    6) Choose a shot that fits your current lie and the current pin

    Sometimes there will be multiple options. You just need to pick one and commit to it. Sometimes there will only be one or two options. The key, though, is to go through the first few steps, which most golfers do not do every time. And you need to do it every time, or you will have blow-up short game holes.

  3. Dave R

    Mar 7, 2017 at 12:32 am

    By far best article I’ve read on this site.

  4. knoofah

    Mar 6, 2017 at 4:46 pm

    Excellent article! Thanks for the downloadable material as well. It’s something I will definitely put into practice.

  5. Thomas Cannon

    Mar 6, 2017 at 9:56 am

    I think that there is pretty clearly some inherent abilities that the first golfers named in the article do have. I do like that the article discusses the shots that the better players see when they are faced with these shots, though. I think the biggest take away for the average golfer would be that they need to see more than one way of executing a shot within 100 yards or around the greens, and out of “trouble” around the greens. Do I believe that you can learn to be like Phil? No, not exactly, and I think the biggest difference is the mental aspect, and the fact that he sees these shots, and many, many more when he steps over the ball, and that part is inherent, BUT, if a golfer can have 4-5 ways to hit a given shot, they will save themselves plenty of strokes. Next is learning to use them appropriately in a given situation.

    • TheCityGame

      Mar 6, 2017 at 1:45 pm

      Phil Mickelson had “inherent abilities”?

      Maybe the inherent ability of his parents to build a short game area in his back yard.

  6. ButchT

    Mar 6, 2017 at 9:44 am

    Very helpful article! Thanks, Butch.

  7. Radim Pavlicek

    Mar 6, 2017 at 6:44 am

    Excellent article. I want to know more about Rehearsals.

  8. rymail00

    Mar 4, 2017 at 3:03 pm

    Awesome article!!!


  9. Philip

    Mar 4, 2017 at 11:23 am

    Really – “Failure in competition results in severe consequences such as higher scores, embarrassment and self-loathing” – I guess what you and I define as severe are slightly different. I enjoy golf, thus embarrassment and self-loathing are not a consequence of higher scores from spending a day outside with friends or competitors. The article has many good points though and myself, I have learned quite a lot from re-watching recorded shots from the tours. I find there is a tendancy (for me) to think the shots are more complicated than they really are. Watching the tours helps me to clarify what I visually want to happen in my mind before attempting or practicing a shot. It will be a fun season this year.

    • rymail00

      Mar 4, 2017 at 10:41 pm


      I tried to email you through the email posted in the 2ND paragraph, but I keep getting “invalid” email address.

      My question was what do you do mentally to make the “rehearsal” more important mentally vs. say running the short-game “drills”, or a normal day to day short game practice session. How do you get into the mind frame of tournament conditions (or pressure sencario) on the practice green, hope that makes sense?

      Also is there a place we can find that “short game scorecard”, and how to score it?

      • Ed Myers

        Mar 5, 2017 at 8:36 am

        Sorry for the link, it has been reported. To answer your question, I use an escalating system that “controls the circumstances” and delivers severe and certain consequences for failure. I outline that process in Hogan’s Ghost.

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Golf 101: Why do I chunk it?



Whether you are a beginner, 10 handicaps, or Rory McIlroy, no one player is immune to the dreaded chunk. How many times have you hit a great drive, breathing down the flag from your favorite yardage and laid the holy sod over one? It’s awful and can be a total rally killer.

So what causes it? It could be several things, for some players, it could be a steep angle of attack, others, early extension and an early bottoming out and sometimes you’ve just had too many Coors Lights and the ground was closer than your eyes told you…been there.

This is Golf 101—let’s make it real simple and find one or two ways that a new golfer can self diagnose and treat themselves on the fly.


With beginners I have noticed there are two main things that cause the dreaded chunk:

  1. Players stand too close to the ball and have no way to get outta the way on the way down. This also really helps to hit Chunk’s skinny cousin: Skull.
  2. No rotation in any form causing a steep angle of attack. You’ve seen this, arms go back, the body stays static, the club comes back down and sticks a foot in the ground.


Without doing all-out brain surgery, here are two simple things you can do on the course (or the range) to get that strike behind the ball and not behind your trail foot.

This is what I was taught when I was a kid and it worked for years.

  1. Make baseball swings: Put the club up and in front of your body and make horizontal swings paying close attention to accelerating on the way through. After a few start to bend at the hips down and down until you are in the address position. This not only gives your body the sensation of turning but reorientates you to exactly where the bottom of your arc is.
  2. Drive a nail into the back of the ball: This was a cure-all for me. Whether I had the shanks, chunks, skulls, etc, focusing on putting the clubhead into the back of that nail seemed to give me a mental picture that just worked. When you are hammering a nail into a wall. you focus on the back of that nail and for the most part, hit it flush 9 outta 10 times. Not sure if its a Jedi mind trick or a real thing, but it has gotten me outta more pickles than I care to admit.

As you get better, the reason for the chunk may change, but regardless of my skill level, these two drills got me out of it faster than anything all while helping encourage better fundamentals. Nothing wrong with that.

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Golf 101: How to hit a bunker shot



I’ve heard from numerous people over the years that theoretically, the bunker shot should be the easiest shot in golf—you don’t even hit the ball.

Sounds romantic, but common sense would suggest the polar opposite. Any new golfer or one walking into the game knows that hitting it into the bunker can be a disaster if you don’t know what to do. Figuring out how to hit a bunker shot can be daunting. So in the spirit of the 101 series, I want to give the beginner a three-step strategy to playing out of a bunker with one goal in mind: get it out of the bunker.

Keep in mind, this is simply to get the ball outta the sand, not spin it, not get it close, just get it back on the grass.

How to hit a bunker shot

Use a 56-degree wedge. Non-negotiable. You need the loft, the bounce, and the forgiveness.

Dig in: Gives your feet and body not only a feel for the sand but also a firm base. The bunker shot isn’t a full swing but you need stability. So when you address the ball, wiggle your feet a bit to get in there. It also makes it look like you know what you are doing—that helps for social reasons.

Face open: Imagine if you had to hold an egg on the face, that’s the visual. If the face isn’t open enough to do that its not open. Remember also that when you open the face, you are not cranking your hands over to do so. Turn the club open, grip it normally, and there you go.


This is what I have taught beginners a few times, and I’m not a teacher, but I’m a pretty gnarly bunker player. It works. Now that you are dug in, the face is open and you are ready to hit it, pick a spot an inch behind the ball, and with some speed, control, and a firm grip (hold the face open) THUMP down on that spot. Even more, THUMP the heel down on that spot. When I saw THUMP I mean CHOP, BEAT down on it with some purpose. Two things will happen, the ball will pop up by simple momentum and the face will stay open because the lever (and meatiest part) that holds it open (the heel) is doing all the work. Your tempo is key, and yes, I’m telling you to beat down on it, but also be mindful of staying in your body.

Could you potentially stick the club in the ground? Yup. Maybe. But the odds of you skulling, whiffing, chunking are reduced to almost nothing.

The best way to get outta the sound is to use the sand to help you. That’s how to hit a bunker shot. Pounding down on it with an open face uses a ton of sand, a ton of energy, the bounce of the wedge, and requires you to do very little.

Give it a shot.



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How the direction of turn influences your swing



Understanding the direction you turn in the backswing will help identify your swing pattern. To start, turn is simply a word for something going around or moving circularly. When teaching, the term turn is very broad. The spine, shoulders and pelvis can all move in different directions.

So what direction should you turn? After an efficient setup (How Posture Influences Your Swing) I want players to coil around their original spine angle. This gives players an efficient “shape” to the body at the top of the backswing. Shape is the relationship between the upper and lower half of the body. Shape retains body angles from the setup, which also mirror impact. The relationship between the upper and lower body are highlighted in the pictures below.

When in this shape, the downswing can become a reaction towards the target. The club and body can return to impact with efficiency and minimal timing required. The body doesn’t need to find the impact position. This impact position is a common look to all great ball-strikers.

An important concept to understand is the direction of turn is more important than the amount of turn. Think of throwing a ball towards a target. You don’t turn more to throw the ball further or for more accuracy. Your body coils the correct direction to go forward and around towards the target. The golf swing and direction of turn is similar to a throwing position.

A great drill to get the feeling of this coil is what I call off the wall on the wall. Start by setting up with your lead side against a wall. Make sure your trail shoulder is below the lead shoulder with a tucked trail arm. From this position, swing your arms to the top of your swing. Note the backswing position.

When doing this drill, note how your upper body moves off the wall, and the lower body stays on the wall. An important note to make is the hips and glutes don’t stay stagnant against the wall. They go around, sliding against the wall as the upper moves off.

The beauty of the golf swing is there is more than one way to do it. Many great players turn with lead side bend in the backswing. This is where the upper body tilts towards the target (lateral trunk flexion). However, these players will have to change their spine angle to find impact. This pattern isn’t incorrect, just needs more recovery in the downswing to find the impact position.

I do not prefer players having to recover in their downswing. I define recovery as having to re-position the body in the downswing to find impact. Think of a baseball player having to throw a ball to first base when his body starts in a contorted position. I the golf swing, this requires more talent and timing and can lead to inconsistency unless precisely practiced and trained.

Educating yourself on how your body coils in the backswing is critical when working on your swing. Remember, there is no one perfect swing and people have different physiologies. However, coil in a direction that will give you the most efficient swing and prevent injuries.

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