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Forget method teaching: Swing your swing



Over the course of the 50 years, 30 of which I’ve spent teaching golf, I have seen many methods come and go.

From “Square to Square” to “Stack and Tilt,” from Alex Morrison’s left-handed game to Tommy Armour’s right-handed, many people have advocated different ways of swinging the golf club.

I’m here to tell you this: If you follow or teach a method, you are doing a disservice to your game or to your students. As proof of this, I offer the World Golf Hall of Fame. Look at the swings of the great players enshrined there. I’m willing to bet none of them are the same. The ONLY thing they have in common is IMPACT — good, solid contact of golf ball and club.

Here’s a few examples:

  • Should you stay centered over the golf ball with more weight remaining on the left side?

Curtis Strange, Walter Hagen, Hal Sutton and a slew of other great players don’t think so.

  • Should the right elbow be pointed down or close to the right side in the backswing?

Jack Nicklaus and Miller Barber are just two examples of great players who never got anywhere near that position.

  • Set up square to the target?

Paleeeese. Lee “Buck” Trevino and Fred Couples are 15 handicaps if we aspire to that “fundamental.”

  • Left arm extended into impact?

Lee Westwood and Calvin Peete have made a nice living with a bent left arm into impact. Ed Furgol, 1954 U.S. Open Champion, had a permanently bent left arm and won the national Open.

  • Neutral grip?

Don’t even go down that road.

  • Turn you hips through the ball?

An entire generation known as the “Reverse C Gang” played pretty well with a lot of “slide” of the lower body, with added axis tilt into the golf ball.

I could go on and on, but you get the point. And this is not just at the Tour level. I have played in state opens and regional events with guys who had the funkiest moves you could imagine and who could break par regularly. And they had much more than a good short game.

John Jacobs said it best:

“The purpose of the golf swing is to apply the club correctly to the ball; the method employed is of no consequence as long as it can be repeated.”

I had four players in my school this weekend and gave every one a different type of lesson. The reason? One was ahead of the ball and over it, one was swayed way off the ball and under it and another was up and over with a super early release. The other was what I call “rocked flat, with a very shallow angle into impact.”

They all came to school with one purpose: to hit the ball better —  not to get “prettier” or “stacked” or “lagged” or anything other than BETTER. Golfers have to square the face, get the attack angle right and get the golf club travelling in the direction of the target. Do those three things and you have a good swing. Period.

Can you get to good impact from your right side? Yes. Can you get to good impact from your left side? Yes. Can you get to good impact from 5 degrees inside out? Yes. Can you get to good impact from 7 degrees down? You bet your clubs you can.

But you need COMPATIBLE variations in your swing to get there.

  • Seven degrees down needs some serious left aim or swing to COMPLEMENT that much down.
  • High hands and a vertical backswing need some lateral hip motion to “drop the club in the slot” BEFORE they turn through the ball.
  •  Low hands, flat takeaway need an early and agressive turn- NOT slide” to deliver the club.

Do the math, pay attention to the impact and understand what YOU have to do get there. Method?  If I taught every student the same thing, first I’d be bored out of my mind, and second, I would not have lasted 30 years in this craft. Every hour I get a different puzzle to solve. That’s what keep it alive and fun for me.

I have darn near every instruction book and video that was ever written or produced. And at night I sit in front of the computer and watch swings of my students and of the great players too. It does not take great insight to realize that there an infinite variety of way to swing and play.

One student left this weekend trying to stay as centered and on the ball as possible in his backswing; another left trying to get as far to his right side as he can. The goal of both is the same, but the pattern and swing thoughts to get there were as different as night and day.

How do I know this style works? I correct swings. Come see me for an hour. If you’re not hitting the ball better when you leave, the lesson is completely FREE. And I won’t give you a whole new swing to get there either.

“Swing YOUR swing,” as Mr. Palmer says.


As always, feel free to send a swing video to my Facebook page and I will do my best to give you my feedback.

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Dennis Clark is a PGA Master Professional. Clark has taught the game of golf for more than 30 years to golfers all across the country, and is recognized as one of the leading teachers in the country by all the major golf publications. He is also is a seven-time PGA award winner who has earned the following distinctions: -- Teacher of the Year, Philadelphia Section PGA -- Teacher of the Year, Golfers Journal -- Top Teacher in Pennsylvania, Golf Magazine -- Top Teacher in Mid Atlantic Region, Golf Digest -- Earned PGA Advanced Specialty certification in Teaching/Coaching Golf -- Achieved Master Professional Status (held by less than 2 percent of PGA members) -- PGA Merchandiser of the Year, Tri State Section PGA -- Golf Professional of the Year, Tri State Section PGA -- Presidents Plaque Award for Promotion and Growth of the Game of Golf -- Junior Golf Leader, Tri State section PGA -- Served on Tri State PGA Board of Directors Clark is also former Director of Golf and Instruction at Nemacolin Woodlands Resort. He now directs his own school, The Dennis Clark Golf Academy at the JW Marriott Marco Island in Naples, Fla.. He can be reached at



  1. reggie jaggers

    Aug 26, 2013 at 3:37 pm

    I am so glad to see someone, a teacher finally come forward and set all of this “all of these parts of the swing must be so and so, you need to have so much weight on this foot, that foot etc. etc. ” There isn’t any wonder that students have so much trouble taking away anything productive after a lesson. I’ve always thought use what suits you the best and don’t worry about what all the books say. They said Jack Nicklaus would never be a good PGA player (paraphrasing here) because his swing was too upright. Well I think Jacks record speaks for itself. I am a self taught golfer and am now 61 years old, soon to be 62 (Sept. 3) my best round at my home course was 64 and this was one year after taking up the game, but I was obsessed with it so I practiced daily. I can still shoot under par and hover around par on my bad days and I’ve never had any instruction. Thank you very much for your post, I wish more instructors would come clean and “fess up” as well. We have all become too reliant on today’s golf equipment ie: made to think we can buy a better game, practice is the only thing. Sorry straying a bit here, but again a great post and a much needed one.

  2. Dennis Clark

    May 19, 2013 at 2:56 pm

    Well first thought is distance from the ball. Have you tried a little closer? Bill Haas does do that with an OUT hand path and you can bet he aint hooking off the toe. Its one of those compatible variations that you need to make,

    • Dennis Clark

      May 19, 2013 at 7:07 pm

      Chris send me a video; I’ll take a look

  3. Dennis Clark

    May 17, 2013 at 10:10 pm

    whats the problem? swing problem i mean?

    • chris

      May 18, 2013 at 6:03 am


      I am around a scratch golfer yet I tend to hit the ball off the toe which causes me to hook/pull hook.. Video shows I move away from the ball on the downswing—can’t fix it to save my life. I have found pros like Bill Haas have a similar move.

  4. Chris

    May 16, 2013 at 11:17 pm

    Best article I have read on the swing in a long long time. But Dennis, how do I improve and make my impact consistently pure? I’m working my tail off but at a loss here…

    Well done!

  5. Dennis Clark

    May 16, 2013 at 8:19 pm

    Exactly Mike. State Open or State Am is perfect example. A lot of zero handicaps who look like like they’re digging graves.

  6. Steve Connolly

    May 8, 2013 at 7:00 pm

    Dennis, wouldn’t you say that anyone who is coming for a lesson needs to get a more repeatable swing?

    I have been taught that up a more “correct” swing is more repeatable, and generates more speed with less effort than a swing filled with compensations. After all, not all of us can practice and play as much as the great players you mentioned.

    Doesn’t a more “correct” swing produce fewer injuries as well?

    Thank you!

    • Dennis Clark

      May 9, 2013 at 3:32 pm

      Steve: I am willing to bet your swing is as repeatable as a tour pro other than the face at impact. Please send me a video. If you have a V-1 app on your phone, I’d like to see it. Thx, DC

    • Mike Divot

      May 15, 2013 at 9:23 pm

      How many times have you seen a guy with a “correct” swing who looks really controlled and unnatural?

      Or he has a beautiful swing and hits his driver 200?

      And how many times have you played with a guy who hits it like a horse on roller skates, but somehow beats the pants off you?

  7. Steve Pratt

    May 4, 2013 at 8:53 pm

    Bravo Dennis! As a teacher, I can imagine a number of PGA Tour pros coming to me for advice – say Kevin Stadler, Jim Furyk, et. al. And I really wouldn’t have any swing advice.

    I think my first question would be – so how’s your putting?

    Yes Clampett advocates a forward leaning shaft of the driver at impact.

    • Dennis Clark

      May 4, 2013 at 10:35 pm

      Yes sireee…Played with Eamonn Darcy many many years ago. If you’re not familiar, google him. I couldnt believe my eyes. But he never missed a shot in a 66 round. Alan Doyle same thing thing; he could swing in a closet. Pured it all day long!

  8. Park

    May 4, 2013 at 8:12 pm

    Excellent, thanks

    • yo!

      May 6, 2013 at 2:59 pm

      Yes, I remember that from the book. He says that slow motion video shows that most pros hit the driver with a slightly descending blow. But I’m not sure he is advocating that. Also, I not sure that TGM is actually a method as opposed to a description of a golf swing. And I’ve seen TGM instructors disagree with each other because each person reads the book slightly differently or they incorporate their own bias into it.

  9. yo!

    May 4, 2013 at 11:10 am

    bobby clampett the impact zone is an excellent book on this topic. he describes the one fundamental that all good golfers have in common

    • Dennis Clark

      May 4, 2013 at 2:19 pm

      The ony problem with the TGM driven “Impact Zone” is that he suggests hitting DOWN on your driver. Trackman proves that is not optimal…

      • yo!

        May 6, 2013 at 3:00 pm

        Yes, I remember that from the book. He says that slow motion video shows that most pros hit the driver with a slightly descending blow. But I’m not sure he is advocating that. Also, I not sure that TGM is actually a method as opposed to a description of a golf swing. And I’ve seen TGM instructors disagree with each other because each person reads the book slightly differently or they incorporate their own bias into it.

        • Dennis Clark

          May 6, 2013 at 8:44 pm

          TGM science claims that the club loses speed as soon as it begins to ascend. That low point is the highest speed of the club. Radar disagrees. It’s true that MOST Tour pros hit a bit down on the driver. When you’re in the 115 MPH zone, you don’t need more speed, you’re looking for control and some of them feel 1 degree down or so gives them that. For 99.9% of golfers, this is terrible advice!

  10. ulejas

    May 4, 2013 at 9:14 am

    There are a few past golf teachers that could benefit from this article. We don’t all have to be cloned.

  11. Speedster

    May 3, 2013 at 1:02 pm

    totally agree except for the grip issue. neutral is all relative to where you strike the ball(example, alot of people will grip it address neutral but regrip as they hit the ball, not ideal, but it happens). reality is such, we are all humans, and therefore we should generally hold the club with our left hand relatively the same, assuming you don’t have any physical impediments. the left hand grip IMO is probably the only thing that should be “standardized”

  12. Nathan

    May 3, 2013 at 10:43 am

    I agree 100% with the article. I am one of those with a very unorthodox swing. Let say I use to take the club way outside, way over parallel, and then would drop my shoulders/hands way inside. The only way I hit the ball is quick hands, pop up at impact, and push the ball 30 yards right of my aim. The reason I changed/still changing is too get better. My thing was always consistancy. If timing was off my swing was gone. If I was on, I could play with anyone. That ultimately made me want to change my swing.

  13. David

    May 3, 2013 at 10:09 am

    Could not agree more. Listening to people slip into hyperbole when arguing their theories of the *only* way to swing is worse than listening to idiots go on about their political party of choice.

    That John Jacobs quote is important to everyone who loves the game.

  14. Steve

    May 3, 2013 at 7:28 am

    GREAT article!!! One of the best I’ve ever read here — this one actually talks about ‘real’ golf instead! We all have our idiosynchratic elements, and boy I’ve seen a slew of ’em, but they often result in pure, accurate, and repeatable shots. Great work, keep up this sort of writing!

  15. MJ.

    May 3, 2013 at 5:04 am

    The fact that writer thinks all ‘method teachers’ teach the same day in day out, means he has stopped learning an investigating at some point. Which is sad, because according to this article he seems to be a fantastic teacher ….

    Undoubtedly writer follows a certain set of rules to help his students, whether conscious or not. That makes him as much a method teacher as any other teacher.

    • naflack

      May 8, 2013 at 12:03 pm

      Interesting logic…

    • Dennis Clark

      May 19, 2013 at 3:04 pm

      writer follows a set of rules that are FUNCTIONAL, not a set that are in someone’s book. COMPATIBLE variations is what this writer teaches. You?

  16. Square

    May 3, 2013 at 4:57 am

    John Jacobs is the best; this article was worth the read.

  17. Adrian

    May 3, 2013 at 2:35 am

    Awesome write up and very very true.

  18. GSark

    May 2, 2013 at 5:06 pm

    Bravo! I am one of those guys who is a bit unorthodox but still manages to score. I’m a self taught once a week and carry a GHIN of 4.9. I take my driver back flat, come a little over the top and hit a fade down the middle. I take my short irons straight up, lay them off at the top, drop’em inside and hit a big draw. It’s what feels good, it’s what I do, and I can repeat it. It’s how I do it. Fundamentals are good, and if your mis-hitting it fundamentals can help put you on the ball,but fundamentals aren’t absolute and they sure as heck ain’t the same for everybody. When I built my swing I read alot and got really confused,really,really confused. Then the clouds parted and I realized… You wanna score, make putts. Get the ball up and down. Chip it when you can, pitch it if you can’t chip it. Swing only as hard as you are able to hit the ball flush. If this means pitch it, then pitch it,even with your driver. I won’t call it fundamental, what I will say is putting the club squarely on the back of the ball and putting the ball in the hole is REALLY all that matters.
    Swing your swing indeed sir, Swing your swing indeed.

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TG2: Should Tiger Woods play in The Masters without a driver?



Tiger Woods’ No. 1 concern heading into the Masters is the driver, according to Notah Begay. Equipment expert Brian Knudson and Editor Andrew Tursky argue whether Tiger should even use a driver during the Masters. Also, they discuss Rory’s new prototype putter and how it was made, and they talk about a new shaft company called “LA Golf Shafts.”

Listen to the full podcast on SoundCloud below, or click here to listen on iTunes!

For more info on the topics, check out the links below.

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Opinion & Analysis

Book Review: The Life and Times of Donald Ross



The Life and Times of Donald Ross is a successful golf history, in that it holds one’s attention, regardless of one’s level of enthusiasm or interest for the subject. It can hardly avoid doing so, as it traces the life of a man who lived through both world wars, emigrated from the old country to the new, and championed a sport that grew from infancy to maturity in the USA, during his earthly run. The loss of two wives to uncontrollable circumstances, the raising of a child essentially on his own, and the commitment to the growth of golf as an industry add to the complexity of the life of Donald J. Ross Jr. Within the cover of this tome, through words and images, the life and times of the man are communicated in fine fashion.

The book was published in 2016, by Chris Buie of Southern Pines, North Carolina. Buie is not a professional writer in the traditional sense. He does not solicit contracts for books, but instead, writes from a place of passion and enthusiasm. This is not to say that he is not a writer of professional quality. Instead, it isolates him among those who turn out high-level prose, scholarly research, with attention-holding results.

Before I opened the book, it was the cover that held my attention for much longer than a single, fleeting moment. The solitary figure, staring out across the ocean. Was he gazing toward the Americas, or toward his birthplace, in Scotland? And that blend of blue shades, like something out of Picasso’s 1901-1904 period of monochromatic azures, proved to be equal parts calming and evocative. Those years, by the way, correlate with the 29th to the 32nd years of Ross’ life. During that period, Ross lost a brother (John) to injuries suffered in the Boer War, and married his first wife, Janet. With care like that for the cover art, what marvelous research awaited within the binding?

After a number of readings, I’m uncertain as to the greater value of the words or the pictures. Perhaps it’s the codependency of one on the other that leads to the success of the effort. The book is the culmination of 5 months of exhaustive research, followed by 7 months of intense writing, on Buie’s part. The author made up his mind to match as many images as possible with his descriptors, so as to create both visual and lexical collections to stand time’s test. Maps, paintings, photos, newspaper clippings, postcards, etchings and course routes were collected and reproduced within the covers. Throughout the process, so much of Ross’s life and craft, previously unrecognized in publication, were revealed to Buie. Ross’s ability to make the unnatural look natural when necessary, is hardly equaled in the annals of golf course architecture. According to Buie,

Growing up all I’d heard was natural. Certainly he incorporated as much of the existing terrain and environment as possible. But given how much other work went into the courses, it would be more accurate to say his courses were naturalistic.

Buie also scrapes away at the misplaced notion that Ross was a one-dimensional golf course architect. After all, what else did Shakespeare do besides write plays and sonnets? Well, Ross did so much more, in addition to building some of the world’s great member and tournament golf courses, shaping the Pinehurst Resort experience, and running an in-town hotel in the process. Again, Buie comments,

His greatest contribution was the role he played in the overall establishment of the game in the United States. He was involved in every aspect (caddymaster, greenkeeper, teacher, player, mentor, tournaments, clubmaking, management, etc). The theme that went through his efforts was that he was adamant all be done “the right way”. Given the breadth and enduring nature of his efforts I don’t think anyone else did more to establish the game in America. That makes him the “Grand Old Man of the American Game” – not just a prolific architect.

What was it about Ross, that separated him from the many compatriots who journeyed from Scotland to the USA? They were content to compete and run golf clubs, but Ross sought so much more. His early years involved much successful competition, including top-10 finishes in the US Open. He was also a competent instructor, manifested in the ability of his students to learn both the swing and its competitive execution. And yet, Pinehurst is so different from any other place in the Americas. And so much of what it is, is due to the influence of Donald Ross.

In a nod to the accepted round of golf across the planet, the book contains 18 chapters, including the appendices. At locomotive pace, the mode of transportation utilized by Ross to traverse the lower 48 of the USA and Canada, the reader gathers a proper awareness of the great man’s living arc. Beginning with the hike from the train station in Boston to the Oakley Country Club, the emigration of the Scotsman from the highlands of Caledonia to the next hemisphere was a fairly simple affair, with unexpected, poignant, and far-reaching consequences. Donald J. Ross, jr., would complete the shaping of american golf that was assisted (but never controlled) by architectural peers. Men like Walter Travis, Albert Tillinghast, Charles Blair Macdonald, Alister MacKenzie and Tom Bendelow would build courses of eternal worth, but none would shape in the far-reaching manner of Ross.

It’s tempting to make a larger portion of this story about Buie, but he wouldn’t have it so. A Pinehurst native, Buie’s blend of reverence and understanding of his home region are evident and undeniable. One almost thinks that a similar history might have been written about any number of characters charged with the stewardship of the Sandhills region of North Carolina. Fortunately for aficionados of golf and its course architecture, Buie is a golfer, and so we have this tome.

Donald J. Ross, jr. was a man of principle, a man of faith, a man of belief. When those beliefs came into conflict with each other, which they seldom did, he had an instinct for elevating one over the other. No other place is this more evident that in his routing of the Sagamore course in Lake George, in the Adirondack mountains of New York state. Faced with the conundrum of how to begin the course, his daughter remembers the sage words of the father. Despite contradicting his belief that a course should never begin in the direction of the rising sun, Ross commented I can’t start it anywhere but looking out at that lake and those mountains. Indeed, Sagamore would be a poorer place for an alternate opening, and this review would have less of a way to reach its end.

My recommendation: read the book.

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Kingston Heath: The Hype is Real



We touched ground late in the afternoon at Melbourne Airport and checked in very, very late at hotel Grand Hyatt. Don’t ask about our driving and navigating skills. It shouldn’t have taken us as long as we did. Even with GPS we failed miserably, but our dear friend had been so kind to arrange a room with a magnificent view on the 32nd floor for us.

(C) Jacob Sjöman.

The skyline in Melbourne was amazing, and what a vibrant, multicultural city Melbourne turned out to be when we later visited the streets to catch a late dinner. The next morning, we headed out to one of the finest golf courses that you can find Down Under: Kingston Heath. We had heard so many great things about this course, and to be honest we were a bit worried it almost was too hyped up. Luckily, there were no disappointments.

Early morning at Kingston Heath C) Jacob Sjöman.

Here’s the thing about Kingston Heath. You’re driving in the middle of a suburb in Melbourne and then suddenly you see the sign, “Kingston Heath.” Very shortly after the turn, you’re at the club. This is very different than the other golf courses we’ve visited on this trip Down Under, where we’ve had to drive for several miles to get from the front gates to the club house.

(C) Jacob Sjöman.

Nevertheless, this course and its wonderful turf danced in front of us from the very first minute of our arrival. With a perfect sunrise and a very picture friendly magic morning mist, we walked out on the course and captured a few photos. Well, hundreds to be honest. The shapes and details are so pure and well defined.

(C) Jacob Sjöman.

Kingston Heath was designed by Dan Soutar back in 1925 with help and guidance from the legendary golf architect Dr. Alister MacKenzie, who added to its excellent bunkering system. Dr. MacKenzie’s only design suggestion was to change Soutar’s 15th hole from a 222-yard par-4 (with a blind tee shot) to a par-3. Today, this hole is considered to be one the best par-3 holes Down Under, and I can understand why.

I am normally not a big fan of flat courses, but I will make a rare exception for Kingston Heath. It’s a course that’s both fun and puts your strategic skills to a serious test. Our experience is that you need to plan your shots carefully, and never forget to stay out of its deep bunkers. They’re not easy.

The bunker shapes are brilliant. (C) Jacob Sjöman.

Kingston Heath is not super long in distance, but it will still give you a tough test. You definitely need to be straight to earn a good score. If you are in Melbourne, this is the golf course I would recommend above all others.

Next up: Metropolitan. Stay tuned!

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19th Hole