Rick Rappaport is a commercial photographer in Portland, Ore., specializing in people and producing targeted communications within dynamic compositions.
Sure if you had all those lenses the pros use as well as the time to wait for the perfect light, you’d shoot good pictures too. But all you have is this dinky point and shoot and about 30 seconds before it’s your turn to tee off.
You’ll likely get something like this:
First tee photo jitters. Center of interest too centered, golfer mostly lost against similar background colors and too much bright sky. Bags on left neither wholly in nor out, just mostly a place your eye goes to even though it’s not of real interest.
It’ll still bring back memories, but if you’re going to show many pictures of this caliber you’re also going to have to provide extra pillows for the sleepy time that follows.
Photographing a golf course is challenging even for professionals, but by following three simple rules you will make great strides toward keeping your audience awake. Consider implementing these three rules as part of your picture taking pre-shot routine, because simply aiming the point and shoot in the general direction of beauty is not enough.
You see beauty with your brain not your eyes. Your eyes are merely windows for the brain. Your brain has an aesthetic and emotional connection to your world, the beautiful blue sky, the yellow flag stick and your golfing buddies. But your camera only records pictures of shapes, colors and light. Your goal is to be able to use your camera to produce images along the lines of what your brain told you was worthwhile about taking the picture in the first place.
Your camera sees that yellow flag stick too but as a thin vertical line occupying only about 3 percent of the viewfinder’s landscape. Your golfing buddies? They’re just more vertical blobs occupying about 20 percent of the viewfinder. So while your brain–through your eyes–is attracted to the overall beauty of the lovely scene, cherry picking objects near and dear to you, your point and shoot is just seeing objects, proportions and space. To produce the picture that represents what your eyes are honing in
on, you have to take charge and tell the camera to do some honing in itself. Which brings us to Rule No. 1.
Rule No. 1: Your picture must have a center of interest not in the center.
No fancy compositional theories here. Something in your viewfinder has to be large enough or otherwise attractive enough to immediately engage the
No, your buddy standing 10 feet away, head to toe with lots of space above and below him, looks to your brain like a center of interest but not to your point and shoot. To the camera he looks like a vertical blob occupying about 5 percent of the viewfinder and the other 95 percent has no center of interest either — it’s just a mass of blue sky or green grass or trees or an unplanned combination of all three.
No, the flag stick 30 yards away isn’t a center of interest either. Nor is the gigantic expanse of green between you and the stick. A green piece of land alone is not a center of interest. Neither is the sky. Neither is the sand trap 20 yards away and neither is the ocean in the background 500 yards away.
Lost in Space. Not really necessary to always see your buddies head to toe. This svelte bunch might get away with it but for many of us it’s not the most flattering pose. Typical framing to keep moving back until you can see the full body. Your eye sees your guys but the camera sees the sky.
Size always matters here. Size does it. Get closer to the ones you love — or like, get closer to the flag stick, get closer to the sand trap. Just pick yourself up and move closer.
Saturday is moving day. Walking in closer makes our guys bigger and the image more personal. Understanding that the viewer of the picture sees your picture at the same height as the camera shoots the scene allows us to make the guys appear a bit larger than life as we lower our camera shooting height about two feet.
Sometimes the key object doesn’t have to be large so long as other visual elements “point” to it.
Oh to be here again, Carne Golf Links, Ireland. Can’t remember the hole, but I looked back after walking away with some godawful score and saw this scene as the storm moved in hard. The lighting from behind, the beach grass foreground almost pointing to the hole, and the flag the only thing bright white in the scene allows it to be very small in scale and still retain power in the composition.
Next, place your center of interest off center in the camera viewfinder. There is something called the golden mean, the rule of thirds, quite relevant for our discussion now, which basically divides a certain proportioned rectangle into thirds both in height and in width. Where those thirds lines intersect are highly likely to be good points for
placing your center of interest. Just take it as a given but you can research this yourself. (Here is a good place to start: http://www.jakegarn.com/the-rule-of-thirds/)
Moving in closer has helped create a center of interest by size alone. Moving that center of interest off to the side a bit has helped create a more interesting picture to view. By also moving up and down and not just standing at your full height you may find a better shooting angle too.
Moving down with the camera accentuates the height of the flagstick. Moving my body–which moves the camera–yes you actually have to move around–puts the stick and the golfer close to the thirds positions. Finding a hole where the light comes in at an angle somewhat behind the flag illuminates it and makes it a stronger center of interest. Its shadow provides a strong three dimensional feel to the image.
Which brings us to Rule No. 2.
Rule No. 2. Eliminate distracting background or foreground stuff.
Again, no fancy compositional theories. Remember the guy who put the “V” sign with his fingers above your head in the class portrait? Same idea here only there is no guy and everything has the potential to be that distracting “V”. What is distracting? Anything that does not contribute to the picture is distracting. Ask yourself, is this contributing to the success of my picture? If not eliminate it. Some stuff is obvious: tree branches in the background bisecting your buddy’s head, a tree limb or rock or foliage in the foreground that blocks the heart of your center of interest or just dangles somewhere at the edge of your picture and begs the question “what am I supposed to be and why am I here?” (Often properly placed foreground stuff can lead the viewer right to the center of interest.)
When in doubt eliminate it out.
Take time to make it right. Golfer too centered. Camera just placed to photographer’s eye without thought about moving up or down. Bag is more a distraction than a helpful element which could lead the viewer into the picture. Guy on left and piece of guy at the edge are not helping. They’re just body blobs drawing attention away from the alleged center of interest. I know, I know, he’s swinging- you can’t move. So either ask the players to move their bags and their bodies and/or you move and get ready for the next guy to tee off.
Almost Clear sailing. Same tee 30 seconds later. You’re starting to get it. You eliminated the distracting elements, you took advantage of the beautiful side light and you’re starting to place the golfer off center. What could make this better? Two things come to mind: Move your body and the camera down a bit so that my head rises above the landscape and isn’t compositionally buried into it. Either move to the right so I move to the left in the composition—or stay there and move (“pan”) your camera right to achieve the same position. Either move will change what you see in the background. Here we see the entire hole. Panning the camera right (to move me left in the composition) or physically moving the camera to the right (to move me left in the composition) will produce different backgrounds. It’s your choice.
Rule No. 3. Don’t take pictures with the sun directly behind you.
That sun angle will not create any shadow definition in the landscape and the scene will appear very two dimensional, or “flat”. You always need to create the illusion of three dimensions and light coming in from a side or backlit angle will do just fine. We’re not even talking about people squinting to see you with the sun blasting their faces or you squinting to see the viewfinder with the sun blasting it.
Don’t do this at home. Don’t even do this on the course unless these guys are your opponents.
Well, almost. Same place 3 seconds later. I moved around so the sun helps our composition, moved closer and tried not to center anyone. Moved one guy forward a bit to add more of a three dimensional feel. If only I could get these guys to actually look alive and smile but we’ll talk about that later.
Taking good pictures is as much a function of eliminating distractions as it is actively creating a composition. Once you have a center of interest placed off center, eliminated distracting background or foreground stuff and kept the sun almost anywhere except right behind you, you will have produced an image worth looking at.
By Rick Rappaport, www.rickrappaport.com