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Singh: Ruthless and immoral, or simply careless?

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Vijay Singh should be remembered as one of golf’s most successful late bloomers, with 22 of his 34 PGA Tour wins taking place in the decade since he turned the big four-oh. He should be honored for his 26 second-place finishes, 17 third-place finishes and the more than $67 million he’s earned on Tour. He should also get a place next to Ben Hogan on the Mount Rushmore of golf as one of the all-time range warriors.

Instead, the last lines of his legacy may end up reading the same as his early entries: cheater.

A recent Sports Illustrated story exposed a small sports supplement company that had been marketing a spray containing IGF-1, a growth hormone-like substance that is banned by every major sports league, including the Tour. The story named several prominent athletes as clients, including Singh. Like most of the athletes who are caught using, he claimed that he did not know the product, which is derived from deer antlers, contained a banned substance. To his credit, Singh has admitted his use of the product and is complying with Tour officials as they investigate they situation.

“I am absolutely shocked that deer-antler spray may contain a banned substance and am angry that I have put myself in this position. I have been in contact with the PGA Tour and am cooperating fully with their review of this matter. I will not be commenting further at this time,” said Singh in a written statement.

Tour officials will want to know how long he has been using the product and what else he may have been using before determining what action to take — including a possible suspension, a decision that could ultimately cost Singh millions in endorsements and prize money. In the meantime, Singh has withdrawn from the latest Tour stop, the Waste Management Phoenix Open in Scottsdale, Ariz.

It’s not a stretch to say that Singh is one of the least popular players on the Tour, so it’s no surprise that he isn’t getting much support from his peers.

‘‘It’s sad that people live and die by their sport and they have to, I guess, cheat and go around it and try to better themselves with deer-antler spray,’’ Bubba Watson told reporters in Scottsdale. ‘‘I’m not just going to take something and ask questions later. I’m not going to take deer-antler spray and find out what it is later. I think we should check them for mental problems if they’re taking deer-antler spray. That’s kind of weird.’’

Tour veteran Mark O’Meara went on record calling for Singh to be suspended.

“Probably he should be suspended for a couple of months, and I don’t know what the PGA Tour Commissioner is thinking, but people have had to pay the price before and he should be no different,” O’Meara told reporters.

Like Tiger Woods, Singh doesn’t have an easy smile or a “aw shucks” way of talking to the press or the fans. On the contrary, he seems to go out of his way to alienate, aggravate or intimidate anyone around him that he doesn’t feel the necessity to connect to, which is barely anyone.  Once after a practice session, I asked him if I could get five seconds for a couple of questions. He looked me over, raised and eyebrow and said, “I’ll give you three.”

A lifetime of being crunchy and obtuse leaves Singh ill-equipped for the public relations storm that he will have to navigate over the coming months or even years. Through his many accomplishments, Singh had managed to bury the stigma of allegations of improving his lie and altering his scorecard while on the Asian Tour during the 80s. He also managed to distance himself from the disparaging remarks he made about Annika Sorenstam’s historic appearance on the men’s tour.

But this time, it will be harder to avoid a lasting scar. Singh finds himself now categorized in a group that includes Lance Armstrong, Barry Bonds, Sammy Sosa, Roger Clemens and Alex Rodriguez. They’re all considered cheaters, guys who would do anything to obtain and maintain excellence. They all have stellar career records that are now regarded as counterfeit, even the portion of their achievements that came before they began using PEDs.

Bubba Watson has a point; you’d have to be almost crazy to check for the banned ingredients and not see them on the list. I found the ingredient in just a casual search of the Tour drug policy guide. It leads the skeptic to think three things.

  1.  Singh believed that he was getting a product that would help his aging body stay young.
  2. He had faith that the product would achieve that because it contained a substance that is banned precisely because it did just that.
  3. Like every other steroid peddler, the deer antler spray guys likely told Singh that it was untraceable. It seems like a hard line to take, but that has been the path that virtually every other performance enhancing drug case in every other sport has taken.

The PGA Tour is probably as ill-equipped for this situation as Singh. While they do in fact have a detailed policy, they have little practical experience with how to handle a positive test or an admission of guilt like Singh’s. Indeed, since testing began in 2008, only one player, Doug Barron, has tested positive and subsequently been suspended.

Tour Commissioner Tim Finchem would be well served to give MLB Commissioner Bud Selig a call. Selig knows all too well the perils along this path. As the guardian of his sport, Finchem may be tempted to gloss over, minimize or even cover up elements of the story out of a desire to keep the sport out of the negative spotlight. Such actions proved folly for baseball. When every owner and every player knew there was a problem in the sport, instead of confronting the issue they chose collective silence as a course of action. It proved to be a disastrous decision, rendering a generation of its greatest stars irrelevant to the overarching history of the game.

As the Tour determines what to do in the case of Singh, officials should keep in mind that baseball and golf are similar in that their histories are just as important as their present. The ability to draw a line of comparison from Tom Morris to Tom Watson to Bubba Watson is essential to the appreciation of the ancient game. While most have come to grips with the effect that equipment technology has had on the game, there will likely be no tolerance for game improvement via illegal supplements.

For Vijay Singh, the coming days will determine whether he will be perceived as ruthless and immoral, or simply careless and gullible. For the sport, the challenge will be to respond to this incident in a way that prevents an isolated spot from becoming a lasting stain.

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Williams has a reputation as a savvy broadcaster, and as an incisive interviewer and writer. An avid golfer himself, Williams has covered the game of golf and the golf lifestyle including courses, restaurants, travel and sports marketing for publications all over the world. He is currently working with a wide range of outlets in traditional and electronic media, and has produced and hosted “Sticks and Stones” on the Fox Radio network, a critically acclaimed show that combined coverage of the golf world with interviews of the Washington power elite. His work on Newschannel8’s “Capital Golf Weekly” and “SportsTalk” have established him as one of the area’s most trusted sources for golf reporting. Williams has also made numerous radio appearances on “The John Thompson Show,” and a host of other local productions. He is a sought-after speaker and panel moderator, he has recently launched a new partnership with The O Team to create original golf-themed programming and events. Williams is a member of the United States Golf Association and the Golf Writers Association of America.

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17 Comments

17 Comments

  1. John Fugazzi

    Mar 12, 2013 at 2:19 am

    One sided, lop sided, and short sighted. Vijay Singh probably was an naive idiot for actually hearing and trying some herbal remedy. Shady players have personal shoppers who buy things like this for them to “give a try.”

  2. Screamin'

    Feb 6, 2013 at 1:03 pm

    I seriously doubt that deer antler spray is the reason for his success after 40.

  3. Red

    Feb 6, 2013 at 11:35 am

    Hell hath no fury like a woman scorned…always a nice catalyst for rip-job article

  4. Anthony D'Cruz

    Feb 5, 2013 at 8:52 am

    It appears that Vijay is not very popular. Can you imagine what would have happened to him had he stolen a cm or two on the putting green and sank the putt for a win? What if he had declared it was an ‘honest mistake’? Would he have been let off? I’m afraid the poor man’s already been found guilty before the hearing.

  5. Harbaugh

    Feb 3, 2013 at 11:33 am

    Bubba kicking a man while he is down and being applauded for it – what on earth???

  6. Tony

    Feb 3, 2013 at 10:49 am

    I find this article fails in providing an objective view i.e. it is charged with bias. Leave your hurt feelings and opinions at the door if you claim to be a jouurnalist. Epic fail.

  7. Eric Evans

    Feb 2, 2013 at 10:15 am

    This does not surprise me one bit about Vijay considering how much of an a$$ he is.

  8. Troy Vayanos

    Feb 1, 2013 at 10:52 pm

    I couldn’t imagine Vijay Singh ever taking a banned substance to gain an advantage over his opponents. I’m still not sure how this would help in golf anyway.

    The only substance that would benefit in golf would be beta-blockers which are banned anyway.

    I’m be interested to follow this story and see how it turns out.

  9. Mac

    Feb 1, 2013 at 2:15 pm

    its a bunch of b.s. when he says that he didnt know it contained the substance, he obviously knew that it would help with anti-aging to stay in the PGA for as long as he could, but to end like this? Terrible choice, v.j. terrible choice.

  10. Bill's an idiot**

    Feb 1, 2013 at 8:01 am

    Too*

  11. clay smith

    Feb 1, 2013 at 7:58 am

    Although the article nails him in his attitude and how people feel about him, (seen him up close at a tournament), why would he tell a national magazine reporter he was using it if he was hiding it? What’s funny is most of these (over the counter) products are bogus, make bogus claims, and don’t do what they say. Plecebo effect. I think he should be tested to see if he has any IGH-1 in his system, I bet he doesn’t, and then assess a punishment if necessary. Maybe a slap on the hand for not ‘checking’ on the ingredients.

  12. Blanco

    Feb 1, 2013 at 2:22 am

    From what I know about the deer antler, it’s been used in the past by many a high-profile PGA tour player, all of whom are not mentioned in this article… there is also no discussion of what may have led Singh to use it. I also understand that it gives the body a larger dose of one of its naturally occurring chemicals that aids in recovery from injury (as opposed to something that provide a competitive advantage over healthy golfers), ala the Toradol injections used by hundreds of NFL players before every game… This is the extent of what I understand yet I realize there is more to it of course.

    Just as the PGA goes out of its way to be vague and “obtuse” in dealing with rules violations, the author and GolfWRX continues to puzzle me with articles like this. I look to the front page for golf journalism, and the forums for opinion. Most of the writers on Golfwrx write in a journalistic manner and when opinion pieces are written, the “opinion” is clearly understood by reading the article’s title. “Singh: “R”uthless and immoral, or simply careless?” leads me to think I’ll hear at least two sides to this story.

    Instead, I’ve just wasted two minutes on a purple anti-Vijay tabloid piece. If Williams considers himself a journalist, he has again compromised his integrity by revealing his personal distaste for Vijay (and Tiger Woods conveniently) and giving zero voice to the contrary of Mark O’Meara and Bubba Watson of which there is plenty. In fact, I’ve read a few articles published in respected news outlets where the “least popular player on the PGA tour” stigma has been accurately painted as a media-born concept and holds no weight in reality.

  13. DH2

    Feb 1, 2013 at 12:51 am

    He is a selfish person who doesn’t care about others. I pulled some major strings for him and no gratitude was given back. I work for a major Hotel in Denver and called in a favor to a trainer at an exclusive athletic club. Vijay got to have the weight room to himself for half an hour each day for a week. Vijay and his trainer did not thank me or give me a gratuity for my efforts. I hope the tour suspends him.

  14. Gibby

    Jan 31, 2013 at 7:58 pm

    Once a cheater, always a cheater. Remember the hat he wore that said “Tiger Who”

    Well soon it will be “Vijay Who” He will always be remembered as a cheater who treated everyone around him like crap!

  15. LBW

    Jan 31, 2013 at 7:27 pm

    VIJAY IS AND ALWAYS HAS BEEN A PERSON THAT PUSHES THE RULES TO THE POINT OF CHEATING

  16. MaxW

    Jan 31, 2013 at 5:24 pm

    Vijay strikes me as an intelligent guy; irascible and a curmudgeon, and definitely not careless and gullible. He knows you play the game of golf by the rules. He knows there are banned substances. He knows one phone call to the PGA tour would determine if the product and/or substance was banned or not. Just like on the course he can ask a rules official about a rules situation or not. He did not ask the Tour about the product/substance and now he should pay the penalty.

  17. naflack

    Jan 31, 2013 at 4:56 pm

    It doesn’t surprise me considering who his trainer is…

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Opinion & Analysis

The numbers behind “full scholarships” in NCAA men’s college golf

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If you are in the world of junior golf, you’ve probably heard about a young man you know who’s getting that coveted full ride to college, maybe even to a Power-5 school. With all the talk in junior golf about full scholarships, and a lot of rumors about how many are available, we decided to poll coaches and gather some real data about “full scholarships.”

So, what did we find out? In total, we got responses to a voluntary online survey from 61 men’s D1 coaches, 19 men’s D2 coaches and 3 NAIA coaches (83 total). On average, the coaches in the survey had 11.8 years of coaching experience. Of the coaches that responded, 58 of the 83 coaches reported having zero players on full ride. Another 15 coaches surveyed reported having one player on full ride. This means that 69 percent of the coaches surveyed reported zero players on full scholarship and 18 percent reported one player on full scholarship, while another four coaches reported that 20 percent of their team was on full ride and six coaches reported between 2-3 players on full ride.

We then asked coaches, “what percent of golfers in Division 1 do you think have full scholarships based on your best guess?” Here’s what the responses looked like: 25 coaches said 5 percent and 36 coaches said 10 percent. This means that 73 percent of respondents suggested that, in their opinion, in men’s Division 1, Division 2 and NAIA, there are less than 10 percent of players on full ride.

Next, we asked coaches, “what was a fair scholarship percentage to offer a player likely to play in your top 5?” The average of the 83 responses was 62.5 percent scholarship with 38 coaches (46 percent) suggesting they would give 30-50 percent and 43 coaches (52 percent) suggesting 50-75 percent. Only two coaches mentioned full scholarship.

The last question we asked coaches, was “what would you need to do to earn a full scholarship?”

  • Top-100 in NJGS/Top-250 in WAGR – 41 coaches (49 percent)
  • 250-700 in WAGR – 19 coaches (23 percent)
  • Most interesting, 17 coaches (20 percent) noted that they either did not give full rides or did not have the funding to give full rides.

The findings demonstrate that full rides among players at the men’s Division 1, Division 2 and NAIA levels are rare, likely making up less than 10 percent of total players. It also suggests that if you are a junior player looking for a full ride, you need to be exceptional; among the very best in your class.

Please note that the survey has limitations because it does not differentiate between athletic and academic money. The fact is several institutions have a distinct advantage of being able to “stack” academic and athletic aid to create the best financial packages. My intuition suggests that the coaches who responded suggesting they have several players on “full rides” are likely at places where they are easily able to package money. For example, a private institution like Mercer might give a student $12,000 for a certain GPA and SAT. This might amount to approximately 25 percent, but under the NCAA rules it does not count toward the coach’s 4.5 scholarships. Now for 75 percent athletic, the coach can give a player a full ride.

Maybe the most interesting finding of the data collection is the idea that many programs are not funded enough to offer full rides. The NCAA allows fully funded men’s Division 1 programs to have 4.5 scholarships, while Division 2 programs are allowed 3.6. My best guess suggests that a little more than 60 percent of men’s Division 1 programs have this full allotment of scholarship. In Division 2, my guess is that this number is a lot closer to 30 percent.

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Oh, To Be An (Oregon) Duck

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A few weeks ago I flew into Eugene, Oregon on a mission. I’d come to work with one my students who is a member of the Duck’s varsity golf team. I had never been further south than Seattle or further north than Monterey, so this part of the world was new to me.

What I did know was that the Bandon Dunes area had become a destination for some of the greatest golf in the world, rivaling other famed resorts around the country. The resort is just outside the quaint town of Bandon, which is a good two-hour drive from Eugene. The resort’s four courses — Bandon Dunes, Bandon Trails, Pacific Dunes, and Old McDonald — each have their own personality, but at the same time they have one thing in common: the four architects that designed them took full advantage of the natural topography, deftly weaving holes in and out along the Oregon coastline.

I was looking forward to playing two of the courses before leaving: Pacific Dunes and Old McDonald. You may find this hard to believe, but those two rounds would be my first and second of the year after a busy summer season on the lesson tee. And for that very reason, I had no expectations other than to make a few pars and enjoy the scenery.

After retrieving my luggage from the turnstile, I made my way toward the exit with luggage in tow. My rental car was just across the street in an open-air lot and as I pushed through the airport doors, I was greeted by a gust of wind and a spray of rain. “Welcome to Eugene,” I thought to myself.

The sudden burst reminded me of playing in Scotland, where the rain gives way to sun only on occasion. I surmised that the weather in the Eugene would be similar. “Don’t forget your rain suit,” a fellow professional reminded me when I told him about my trip. As it turned out, that was good advice. He had been there before around the same time of year. “You’ll be lucky if you get one good day out of three,” he said.

As I drove through the area to my hotel, what struck me the most were the large hills that commanded the landscape and the thick white clouds that seemed to cling to them like giant cotton balls.  I found a comfortable hotel just outside Eugene in the small but quaint town of Cottage Grove. In charitable terms, you could characterize my hotel as “a tribute to the past.”

I woke up at 6 a.m. the next morning, dressed and made my way downstairs to the lobby. The rain had continued through the night and as I prepared to leave the hotel,  it started to come down even harder. I stood in the lobby, waiting, while listening to the rain drops pounding on the roof,  a steady beat at first, then rising and falling like a conga drum.

I’d agreed to meet my student at 10 a.m. for a practice session and then he was slated to play nine holes with the team later in the afternoon. Based on the weather, I was concerned that the day might be a total rain-out. What I didn’t know at the time was that the school has a portable canopy that allowed the team, rain or shine, to practice on natural grass. I ran to my car ducking rain drops. The forecast called for a chance of sun in the afternoon. And this time the weather man was  right.

That afternoon I was invited to watch my student and the rest of Casey Martin’s boys play a quick nine holes at Eugene Country Club, the team’s home course. The layout is one of the most unusual that I’ve ever seen with giant trees bordering every fairway. The tips seemed to stretch up and up into the sky, piecing the low-hanging clouds above, as if they were marshmallows on a stick.

The Ducks have fielded a strong team the past two years, winning the NCAA Division 1 Championship in 2016 and then finishing second this year. A good deal of credit for that accomplishment goes to Casey Martin, who has coached the Ducks since 2006. For those who are too young to remember, Casey Martian was a teammate of Tiger Woods at Stanford University. He later competed on the Nike Tour. Casey earned his PGA Tour card in 1999 by finishing 14th on the Nike Tour, but his earnings through the 2000 season were not enough for him to retain his card, relegating him to once again to playing on the development tour. He played sporadically up through 2006. The following year, Casey assumed the job of Head Coach, which brought him back to his native Eugene.

In earlier years, Martin’s play career as a professional was hindered by the fact that he could not play 18 holes without a golf cart due to a birth defect in his right leg. The PGA Tour Board ruled against his use of a cart, maintaining that the physical act of walking was considered an integral part of the competition. Believing that he was in the right, Casey filed a suit under the Americans with Disabilities Act. His case made its way to the Supreme Court where he won. As for his competitive record, by his own admonition, he is disappointed that he didn’t play better as a professional. A primary focus of his coaching then, as he conceded, is to teach his players not to make the same mistakes he did in his own career. What struck me as unique was the passion and intensity with which he coached. I would venture that it’s the same level of intensity that he brought to the golf course when he competed.

A few years ago, I had the opportunity to watch a closed-door, defensive-team practice at Duke University with Head Coach Mike Krzyzewski (Coach K) on the floor. He had divided the team into two groups with one at either end of the court competing against each other. His legs straddled the center line as if he were Colossus with his head swiveling back and forth as if on a stick. The impression was that he saw everything and be never missed anything. And then when he saw a player make a mistake, he would blow his whistle sharply. The players would immediately stop moving as if they were frozen in place. And then, in peg-leg style, he would hobble across the floor favoring one leg over the other. He was clearly in need of a hip replacement at the time.

I’ve had both of my hips replaced, so I could easily imagine the pain that he was experiencing as he peg-legged it from the center of the court to either end. I suspected that he had decided that surgery would have to wait. The season was just a few weeks away, and given that his team was largely composed of freshman, he could not afford to miss a day. Casey Martin doesn’t blow a whistle, nor does he run a defense practice, but as he climbs out of his cart, deftly working his way to a vantage point where he can see his players from every angle, I’m reminded of the halting walk of Coach K.

There is something else that these two man share in common — an intense desire to win. They settle for nothing less than great. And when you look into their eyes, you can see that there is an intensity that burns from within that is vastly different from the man on the street.

As you might remember, I was scheduled to play a round on Pacific Dunes and another on Old McDonald. The two courses are both spectacular layouts with ocean views. And the weather… I drew two perfect days, defying the odds my friend had laid down. It was sunny and 65 degrees with just a hint of wind. How did I play? Let’s just say that I made a few pars. What I found was that striking the ball well is no guarantee that you will score low on these courses. The green complexes are diabolical. The best advice I can give you is to throw you scorecard away. You’ll enjoy yourself more.

The next morning, I was on an early morning flight back to Minneapolis only to discover that we were experiencing Indian Summer with temperatures 20 degrees warmer than usual. But as Minnesotans, we all know what is waiting for us just around the corner.

I’ll leave you with this thought. After watching Casey Martin and the players on his team play and practice, I’m sure of one thing. And that’s when next year’s NCAA Championship comes around, Casey Martin will have all of his Ducks in a row.

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The Kids Are Alright: Spike in Junior Golf Participation a Good Sign for Game’s Future

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This week, eight 10-player All-Star teams representing regions from across the country will converge upon Grayhawk Golf Club in Scottsdale, Ariz., to compete in the 6th PGA Junior League Championship.

The teams – New Hampshire (Northeast), California (West), Georgia (Southeast), Ohio (Mideast), Illinois (Midwest), New Jersey (Mid-Atlantic), Arkansas (Mississippi Valley), and Texas (Southwest) – will be divided into two divisions where they will face off in round-robin, 9-hole matches using a two-person, scramble format of play. Teams are captained by PGA/LPGA Professionals.

Since the PGA of America launched PGA Junior League in 2012, participation has skyrocketed from about 1,800 players the first year to a record-setting 42,000 boys and girls age 13 and under participating on 3,400 teams across the country this year.

“Junior golf is a key priority of the PGA of America and we recognize that increasing youth participation in the game is essential to the future of our industry and sport,” said Suzy Whaley, PGA of America Vice President and PGA Director of Instruction at Suzy Whaley Golf in Connecticut.

“PGA Jr. League is a fun and welcoming opportunity for boys and girls of all backgrounds and skill levels to learn, play, and love golf under the expert instruction and guidance of PGA and LPGA Professionals. It’s team-oriented and kids wear numbered jerseys. It’s transforming traditional junior golf and the numbers prove it.”

Whaley believes the team concept and scramble format are major factors in PGA Jr. League’s rapid growth over the last five years. In fact, she says, the program is re-shaping the golf industry’s view of the way junior golf is typically learned and played.

“Other youth sports have been utilizing the team format for years and it’s a natural fit for golf,” said Whaley, who has taken three teams to the Jr. League Championships. “The scramble format provides for a low-pressure environment. We’ve created a team atmosphere that has broad appeal. Parents and kids enjoy being a part of the community that PGA/LPGA Professional Captains create. In this team setting, older, more experienced players mentor the younger, beginner golfers. There’s no pressure on any one player, and it’s great to see kids pull for one another versus the individual focus generally associated with golf.”

“It is a program that creates a family-centered atmosphere that encourages mom, dad, brothers, sisters, and grandparents to become involved, as well. During PGA Jr. League matches, the parents are part of the match keeping score, posting photos on social media and encouraging all players. PGA Jr. League grows lifetime interest in the game across multiple generations.”

Matthew Doyle of the Connecticut team gathers for a photo with team captain, Suzy Whaley during session three for the 2016 PGA jr. League Golf Championship presented by National Rental Car held at Grayhawk Golf Club on November 20, 2016 in Scottsdale, Arizona. (Photo by Traci Edwards/PGA of America)

Fourteen-year-old Cullen Laberge from Farmington, Conn., is a student in the Suzy Whaley Golf program and has competed at the PGA Jr. League Championships for Team Connecticut. Laberge has been playing for four years and says his Jr. League experience really sparked his interest in the game and his desire to become a better player and ultimately a golf teacher one day.

“It has taught me so much about golf, while keeping it fun and interesting,” Laberge said. “The thing I enjoy the most is playing competitive golf without the stress that tournament golf can sometimes bring. No matter age or skill level, Jr. League keeps it fun and no matter how a player is playing there is another player to pick them up. That national championship was the best experience of my life. It was like I was playing on the PGA Tour. I loved the amazing competition; those players were good.”

And it’s not just golf’s executives and Jr. League participants who have taken notice of the program’s growth and the ultimate importance that growth represents for the future of the game. PGA and LPGA professionals including Rory McIlroy, Ricky Fowler, Lexi Thompson and Michelle Wie have all joined as ambassadors for the program.

“I want to do everything I can to be a positive influence on kids who are interested in the game and serving as an ambassador for PGA Jr. League is a great fit,” said Wie. “There are so many lessons that kids can learn and that adults can reinforce through the game of golf – good sportsmanship, honesty, integrity, work ethic. Golf can help you learn how to react when things don’t go your way which I think is a really important skill to have in life.”

“Golf can definitely mirror life. You can work incredibly hard and still fall short, but how do you bounce back? How do you overcome a mistake or a bad break and still succeed? It’s important for kids to grow up with a good work ethic and the right attitude to face challenges. Golf is a great game to teach those lessons.”

Copyright Picture : Mark Pain / IMG (www.markpain.com)

Wie says the more inclusive and welcoming the golf community in general can be, the better.

“Especially as a young female, I have experienced plenty of times where I did not feel welcome or felt like I had to prove myself more than the guys did,” Wie said. “Golf is a game that should be available to everyone and I think it’s important to make it accessible to kids whether they are a future tour pro or a future 20-handicapper.”

The folks over at the USGA know a thing or two about growing the game and making it more accessible and they should, they’ve been doing it since the association’s founding in 1894.

The inaugural three USGA championships – the U.S. Open, U.S. Amateur and U.S. Women’s Amateur in 1895 – did not have age limits, each simply aiming to identify the champion golfer. In 1948, the USGA held the first United States Junior Amateur solely open to players under the age of 18 and just one year later the association conducted the first United States Girls’ Junior Championship.

In addition to helping fund The First Tee, LPGA-USGA Girls Golf, and the Drive, Chip and Putt Championships, the USGA recently introduced its “For the Good of the Game” grant program to promote a more welcoming and accessible game at the local level with millions of dollars offered to local communities to build programs.

“The greatest misperception is accessibility,” says Beth Major, Director of Community Outreach at the USGA. “Two-thirds of all golf courses in America are open to the public. Kids and parents still believe it is a country club sport and we need to change that.”

Founded in 2013 as a joint initiative between the USGA, the Masters Tournament, and the PGA of America, the Drive, Chip and Putt Championship is a free nationwide junior golf competition for boys and girls ages 7-15 aimed at growing the game. Participants who advance through local, sub-regional and regional qualifying earn a place in the National Finals, which is conducted the Sunday before The Masters at Augusta National Golf Club.

Drive, Chip and Putt qualifying is offered in all 50 states and participation in the event has increased each year.

“We have a great partnership with our friends at the PGA of America and the Masters Tournament,” Major said. “Our leaders realized that by pooling our resources at the national level while activating at the local level, we could quickly scale the program and get more kids involved.”

“Going into our sixth year, it is amazing to see how far the program has grown and the entry point we’ve created together to keep our youth engaged. We look forward to continuing to evolve the program to welcome more youth to the sport.”

The USGA, in partnership with the LPGA, the Masters Tournament, the PGA of America, and the PGA TOUR, founded The First Tee in 1997 specifically to answer the call for diversity and inclusion. The program has welcomed millions of new players to the game in the past 20 years by focusing not only on teaching golf skills but life and social skills such as etiquette, honesty, respect, confidence and responsibility.

Founded in 1989, the LPGA-USGA Girls Golf program is aimed at girls ages 6-17 and has played a critical role in not only welcoming girls and women to the game, but perhaps equally importantly keeping them in the game.

“Statistics continually show us that the social aspects of the game drive girls and women to play golf,” Major said. “That sense of camaraderie and building friends greatly outweighs their need to compete at the entry level. LPGA-USGA Girls Golf, quite simply, has made it fun and cool for girls to play – and play together. And the results are astounding. We have traced more than 100 girls who started in an LPGA-USGA Girls Golf program that played in a USGA championship last year. They have not only introduced the game to girls and young women, they kept them in the game, and that is very exciting and inspiring.”

One company is tackling growth of the game from another angle – the equipment side.

Since its very beginning back in 1997, U.S. Kids Golf has been focused on its mission, “To help kids have fun learning the lifelong game of golf and to encourage family interaction that builds lasting memories.

To that end, the company began developing youth clubs starting out with just three sizes and one product line initially.

“Over time, through watching youth golfers, we came to realize that we were not serving them as well as we would like,” said Dan Van Horn, U.S. Kids Golf founder. “Looking at how the best players in the world – LPGA and PGA Tour – are fit for clubs, we discovered the proportion of their drive length to height was from 60-70 percent. From that we created what we term the ‘2/3 solution.’ Simply put, for every 3 inches a player grows, we offer a set that has a driver that is 2 inches longer.”

Importantly, it is not just the length of the clubs that increase as the player grows but also the overall club weight, grip size and shaft stiffness. At the same time, the loft on woods decreases providing additional distance.

“One of the key benefits of correctly fit clubs that are lightweight is the ability for players to learn a correct and powerful swing at a young age,” Van Horn said. “Clubs that are too long and/or heavy slows the golf swing itself and creates bad habits that are difficult to change later in life.”

Beyond the importance of young golfers needing properly fit equipment, Van Horn believes strongly in the need for juniors to compete in tournament play to facilitate aspirational goals and to measure progress. Going hand in hand with this is proper instruction from coaches who understand how young players learn and develop.

“After a few years of producing equipment, we realized more needed to be done to serve our market so we formed a nonprofit foundation,” Van Horn said. “Immediately we created our World Championship in 2000 so that young golfers would have an aspirational goal, much like the Little League World Series is to baseball players. We also realized that golf professionals and coaches lacked an organized incentive-based learning program to truly engage players in the game so we created one that same year.”

A longtime proponent of having players play from appropriate yardages, U.S. Kids Golf developed the Longleaf Tee System which uses a mathematical formula to “scale” any golf course for up to eight different tee locations per hole so all players have options based upon how far they carry the ball with a driver. Yardages start at 3,200 yards for 18 holes and increase up to Tour distances of 7,400 yards.

“What we need is a focus by all golf facilities and coaches to provide quality, enjoyable experiences to our youth,” Van Horn said. “This means incorporating game-based learning with a measurable, learning program so that players and their parents know how they are progressing. And, of course, shorter tees need to be available so we can get kids on a ‘field’ that fits them like other sports. There’s no question it can be done.”

The National Golf Foundation’s annual report for 2016 revealed that participation in junior golf programs remained steady at 2.9 million likely due in part to the success of the programs mentioned above and others just like them. Importantly, the number of female junior golfers has increased to a third of all participants and the number of non-Caucasion players has risen to a quarter, four times what it was a couple of decades ago.

While time will ultimately judge whether these programs and offerings serve not only to retain current players but continue to attract new ones, the state of junior golf in the country appears strong and on the right track for now. 

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