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Opinion & Analysis

The Wedge Guy: Scoring-range performance



Editor’s note: Regarding the featured image, Kevin Na was the Tour leader in proximity last season on approaches of 150-175 yards. Jordan Spieth led in proximity from 125-150 yards.

This is the first of a series that will expand on the concept I proposed last week that you should break down your “scoring-range performance” into five distinct segments. If we can agree that there is a lot of difference between a textbook 9-iron shot and a chip, between the dreaded “half-wedge” and a putt, then let’s dissect the last 100-150 yards of golf on each hole into these five pieces.

We all know those players who seem to shine at one or more aspects of the scoring range but struggle with others. That guy who is dreadful with a pitch shot but is a deadly putter. Or the one who hits crisp and accurate short irons and wedges but is awful on his or her chip shots. So, let’s not lump all these into one bucket called “the short game”, but rather give them each some focused attention. I hope you all can glean a tip or idea from each of these articles to help you score better.

Part 1: Short iron and wedge shots

On the PGA Tour, the vast majority of birdies are made when the player has a short iron or wedge into the green (discounting the almost automatic birdies they make by hitting irons to par-5 holes). Even these guys don’t knock flags down from long range all that often. And the very low scoring that has become common to PGA Tour events comes from the fact that these guys hit the majority of their approach shots with an 8-iron or less.

Think about that when you review your last round of golf: on how many holes did you have an approach shot with an 8-iron or less in your hands? If the number is less than 8-10, then you are playing a much longer and harder course than the pros play (proportionate to your strength profile).

But regardless of strength, when you do have those short-range approach shots, this is your chance to score. It doesn’t matter if you consider a “textbook” 8-iron shot to be 160 yards or 120 yards, this is the time to increase your chances for par or better. So, I would like to offer a few fundamental ideas that can hopefully help you improve that part of your game.

First of all, let’s define what a “full swing” means. With a driver, ball sitting on a tee, it means really getting after it. But with a short iron or wedge in your hands, a “full” swing is something of much less force and power. The key to consistent short iron and wedge play is to make consistent contact with a consistent swing path. That’s the only way to achieve repeatable trajectories and therefore distance control. And the best way to ensure more consistency is to s-l-o-w d-o-w-n.

In addition, I believe the left side must become a more dominant leader in the swing with these shots, so that your hands always get to the ball before the clubhead. This sets up a slightly downward strike to optimize spin and trajectory. I also believe we should all work a bit harder to make these swings a slight bit flatter, which path imparts a more direct blow to the ball. That will make these swings a bit shorter and more controlled and should result in more penetrating trajectories. [NOTE: My analysis of over 50,000 golfer profiles indicates the vast majority of players, of all handicaps, say they hit their short irons and wedges too high.]

As you improve your “full swing” shotmaking with the short irons and wedges, it really is not that hard to dissect the distance gaps between clubs. The physics of golf club engineering makes the distance gap between the short clubs typically wider than between the long clubs; this is aggravated by the recent trend by manufacturers to put five degrees between the 8- and 9-iron, while reducing the loft difference to three degrees at the long end of the set. The typical golfer of moderate strength will experience a 12-15-yard differential at the short end of his or her set. That is too large for precision play, so you simply must learn how to cut that into pieces.

Given that it is difficult for the recreational player to devote enough time to master multiple swing speeds, the simplest way to do that is to learn to grip down precisely to shorten the club and therefore reduce the distance the ball will fly. It takes a little experimentation, as each golfer is different, but gripping down about half an inch should take 3-5 yards off a short-iron or wedge shot. Another half-inch will cut off another 3-5 yards.

Once you kind of figure that out, you can add a measure of precision by opening the face a slight amount (and aim left of the target when you do). Just a few degrees open will give a 9-iron the loft of a pitching wedge, but a bit more distance than the pitching wedge would deliver.

Referring back to my earlier article on your “short game handicap,” I believe any golfer can learn to keep the majority of their full swing short iron and wedge shots within reliable two-putt distance, with the occasions of getting a more makeable putt outnumbering those times when you miss the green entirely. The more skilled you get with these shots, the higher you can set the bar for your own level of performance.

Obviously, a whole book could be written on this subject, but I hope this gives you something new to think about when you are working on your scoring range performance.

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Terry Koehler is a fourth generation Texan, a native of a small South Texas town and a graduate of Texas A&M University. He has had a most interesting 40-year career in the golf industry. He has created five start-up companies, ranging from advertising agencies to golf equipment companies. You might remember Reid Lockhart, EIDOLON, SCOR, or his leadership of the reintroduction of Ben Hogan to the golf equipment industry in 2014. For almost 25 years, his wedge designs have stimulated other companies to slightly raise the CG and improve wedge performance. He has just announced the formation of Edison Golf Company and the new Edison Forged wedges, which have been robotically proven to significantly raise the bar for wedge performance. Terry serves as Chairman and Director of Innovation for Edison Golf, which can be seen at Terry has been a prolific equipment designer of over 100 putters and several irons, but many know Koehler as simply “The Wedge Guy”, as he authored over 700 articles on his blog by that name from 2003-2010.



  1. Arnie Segura

    Jul 16, 2019 at 9:11 am

    Thanks for your insight…

  2. JM

    Jul 10, 2019 at 3:39 pm

    Try rolling your left wrist so you have knuckles down at impact with your wedges. You will make solid contact every time.
    I even do it with my irons and woods and hit a controlled draw. Takes some practice but the ball will sound different and you will get that big lazy swing that goes a mile.

  3. David Herring

    Jul 10, 2019 at 3:09 pm

    I’ve been playing for almost 60 years, still a mid single digit handicap. I have always thought that better wedge play would help shave even more off my scores. Thanks for the insight!

  4. Prime21

    Jul 10, 2019 at 2:04 am

    Great article!

  5. Mark M

    Jul 9, 2019 at 11:08 am

    Hi Terry, I like what you said regarding not going after “full swing” short iron shots like driver. I have found that if I just think 3/4 swing I usually have a better tempo and the swing is not really shortened that much, I just don’t over-swing.

    Also, I finally figured out years ago that choking down and making a NORMAL swing to reduce an iron’s distance is SO much easier than trying to make a shorter swing or “feather in” a fade, etc. It takes some practice with the choke down to find out what works best for you but is well worth it.

  6. LionForrest

    Jul 9, 2019 at 10:26 am

    I like chocolate cake.

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The Gear Dive WITB Edition: Adam Scott



In this WITB edition of The Gear Dive, Johnny chats with JJ VanWezenbeeck and Aaron Dill of Titleist Golf on the ins and outs of Genesis Invitational Champion Adam Scott’s setup.

Adam Scott WITB details below

Driver: Titleist TS4 (10.5 degrees, A1 SureFit setting, 2-gram weight)
Shaft: Mitsubishi Kuro Kage XTS 80 X

  • Scott put the Kuro Kage in play this week. Per Titleist’s J.J. VanWezenbeeck, “Adam Scott switched to the TS4 driver at the ZoZo Championship due to head size, shape, and improved launch to spin ratios. This week, after discussions with Adam, he went to a shaft he had previously played for increased stability. He felt the shaft went a little far and he lost head feel. We went on course with lead tape to get the feels to match up then weighted the head to preferred swing weight after testing.”

3-wood: Titleist TS2 (16.5 degrees, A1 SureFit setting)
Shaft: Fujikura Rombax P95 X

Irons: Titleist 716 T-MB (3-iron), Titleist 680 (4-9 irons)
Shafts: KBS Tour 130 X

Wedges: Titleist Vokey Design SM8 (48.08F, 52.08F, 56.10S), Vokey Design SM8 WedgeWorks (60.06K)
Shafts: True Temper Dynamic Gold AMT Tour Issue X100

Putter: Scotty Cameron Xperimental Prototype Rev X11 (long)

Ball: Titleist Pro V1

Scott marks his ball with dots in the pattern of the Southern Cross, which is featured on the Australian flag.

Grips: Golf Pride Tour Velvet

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Opinion & Analysis

The Wedge Guy: An examination of proper “release”



One of my favorite ‘contributions’ to this game I love is helping golfers t an “ah-ha” moment, wherein they gain an understanding of the idiosyncrasies of the golf swing that helps them make progress in their ball striking. In so many cases with recreational golfers, keys to improvement can be much more conceptual than physical. In other words, helping a golfer discover what really should be happening in various parts of the golf swing leads them to make their own swing alterations to adopt this new understanding.

I firmly believe that teaching through understanding is much more productive than trying to teach “a new move” through the physical approach. From my observation of recreational golfers, particularly those with “homemade” swings (which all have the potential to produce better and more consistent results in my opinion), one of the most misunderstood intricacies of the golf swing is how the club should be “released” through the impact zone.

Almost universally, golfers seem to think that the club releases through impact by or with an unhinging of the wrists, so that the left arm and shaft form a straight line.

If you genuinely want to improve your ball striking, your distance, your consistency and your scores, I suggest you pursue a genuine and technical understanding of this critical segment of the golf swing. Because most of you are
stuck in front of your TV right now–watching more golf than you are playing–you can make this time count. Every chance you get, watch the slow-motion videos of the golf swing from behind the golfer, looking down the line. A
straight-on view of the golf swing does not reveal this angle, but that is mostly what we are given in swing analysis by television and magazines, unfortunately.

[I’ll offer too, that you can learn a lot more from watching the LPGA players than the guys, as these very talented ladies are much closer to our own strength profiles. In my opinion, most of them are much more fundamentally
sound in their mechanics as they simply have to get the most efficiency out of the swing.]

What you will see, particularly with the wedge and short iron shots is that the hands and arms follow a path through impact that very nearly “covers” their position at address, where a distinct angle is formed by the left arm and shaft of the club…again, looking from behind the golfer down the target line.

As you study these videos and still photos, you’ll see that in the longer, more powerful swings–driver, metals, hybrids–the hands drift a little higher and away from the body more than they do with the middle and short irons, but the angle is still there. As you watch these guys hit the delicate short shots around the greens, the hands almost identically cover their address position.

That’s because a proper “release” of the club is not as much an unhinging of the wrists, but rather a rotation of the hands and arms through impact, in concert with and driven by the rotation of the body core itself. Close examination shows that the hands remain almost directly in front of the sternum through the entire impact zone, and the forearms and hands rotate – not unhinge – so that the club is squared at the ball for consistent impact.

Now, all this diagnosis would not be worth a dime to you if I didn’t show you how to experience this for yourself. Like most new physical activities, you are always best served by trying to LEARN IT IN SLOW MOTION! Simply pick up your 8- or 9-iron and find a place in your house or garage where you won’t take out a table lamp, and make very S-L-O-W swings, while concentrating on making this rotational release motion.

Your goal is to set up at address with the left arm hanging naturally from your shoulder, not pushed out toward the ball. Take the club back with a rotation of the body core, and then back through the impact zone, concentrating on making the left arm and hands exactly “cover” their address position. The angle of the wrists is maintained, and the club rotates through the ball, as your body rotates through impact.

Once you get the feel of it in slow motion, make slightly faster swings, concentrating on the path of the arms and that rotational release. When you actually hit balls with this newly-learned release–DO IT AT 35-50% POWER–you’ll be amazed at the boring trajectories and effortless distance you will get!

Let’s get some feedback on this, guys. How did you do?

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Mondays Off

Mondays Off: Tiger at Riviera and his future in golf



Tiger looked pretty bad at the Genesis this weekend and is not playing next week, what does his future look like in golf? Speculation on his future and if he will play some champions events or what. Also discussed: A little on distance and what not to do at a club demo day!

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