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Why your comfort zone is killing your golf game

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As the golf clock ticks we all get trapped in repeating habits, and a golfer’s “comfort zone” is most often below where he or she is capable of playing.

What people may not know about these repeating habits is that they often don’t recognize them, and acknowledging them is key because they shape what they can and can’t do. People become comfortable with these behaviors, and they end up running the show.

Most people are familiar with the idea of comfort zone: the space where your activities and behaviors fit a routine and pattern that minimizes stress and risk. It’s a comfortable place where people aren’t threatened and everything always stays the same, and that offers mental security.

The Comfort Zone Explained

There’s a lot of science that highlights why it’s so challenging to break out of your comfort zone, and why it’s good for you when you do it. With a little understanding and a few adjustments, you can break away from your comfort zone on the course…and this will lead to rewarding improvement in your game.

In 1908, psychologists Robert Yerkes and John Dodson showed that a state of comfort created a steady level of performance. They also highlighted that if you want to increase your performance, a state of relative anxiety is needed – a place where stress levels are slightly higher than normal. This is called Optimal Anxiety and it’s beyond your comfort zone. Further, they also showed that too much anxiety can produce too much stress, leading to performance drop-offs. So finding the right balance for you in your game is key.

You are not alone in the quest to expand your comfort zone. The leading professional golfers and other athletes I work with daily are constantly working to shift their comfort zone and find the place leading to higher performance. If you want to become a better player and see improvement, finding your own approach to shift your comfort zone is an important exercise for you too.

The Golf Treadmill

Let me give you an example of my first introduction to the comfort zone.

When I was growing up at the golf club, I did the scoring each year at the club championship. I stood at the scoreboard and marked scores of the membership. Players were categorized in four divisions (A, B, C and D) based on handicap index. I saw the same faces each year, and year after year the same players turned in basically the same scores.

I always wondered how it was possible that a golfer could play Confined by Walls Image(and practice) the game for 10, 20 or 30 years and stay in the same division every year without any real shift in improvement. I saw little shift between divisions from year-to-year.

The answer is these players, over time, became comfortable with where they were and never addressed how they might shift their comfort zone and move to another level of play.

The longer you stay in the same comfort zone, the more it shrinks and the harder it is to expand it. And the more you continue to do the same things, make the same mistakes and engrain the same habits, the more your comfort zone shrinks – and you become THAT player – your identity.

What Causes You to Be in the Comfort Zone?

You’ve seen it many times. You or your playing partners start playing great or “out of your mind” and then whammo – a string of poor play occurs. This often happens when a player has some good play early and then subconsciously slips back to “where he or she should be.”

In your golf game, your comfort zone is determined by the range of scores you typically shoot – let’s say between 85 and 90. Whenever you play, you’d like to shoot a lower score, but you are expecting a result in your “usual” range. Inevitably, you’ll have rounds where you flirt with scores outside your zone; maybe you reach the turn at 3-over par, recognizing that a similar back nine will give you a score well under your normal zone.

Then what happens?

You start thinking about what could be. You start playing defensively, trying to “protect” your great round. Next thing you know, you’ve adjusted everything back to your comfort zone and the career round fades away.

I’m sure you’ve also seen the reverse happen. You are playing terrible and then a sudden surge of good play at the end of the round mysteriously puts you back in your comfort zone.

What are Your Roadblocks to Growth as a Player?

We all have roadblocks to growth. In spite of your efforts to grow and get better, certain walls can interfere with your progress. Here are a few that may be familiar to you:

Fear of growth (not feeling safe to grow): A major barrier is what is called the “I’m stuck” syndrome. “I’ve always played that way, so how could I possibly change?” You feel stuck at times, and when you do, you don’t feel great about yourself… or your game.

A negative view of yourself as a golfer: You see and know yourself as a “D” player or someone who struggles to shoot good scores, so that’s where you stay as a golfer.

Skepticism: You believe any steps you take to improve won’t work or will be a waste of time. “I tried that and it didn’t work.”

Uncertainty regarding how to begin or what direction to take: You don’t know how to get better, how to evaluate your game or what steps to take to do it.

Challenging yourself emotionally: Force yourself to work on your weaknesses. It’s not an easy thing to do, and not as fun as the feeling of working on your strengths and seeing a good result.

It’s too late for me to change, I’m too old or I don’t have enough time: You use excuses that it’s not the right time to improve your game. This is a state of procrastination.

The most important factor for you to break out of your comfort zone is asking yourself why you are doing it. It can’t be for contrived or superficial reasons. You must be genuinely interested in improvement, and know what benefits you want to get out of it.

Build Slowly

Expanding the perimeter of your comfort zone by slowly and intelligently pushing your barriers will build confidence. The process should be methodical and progressive. Don’t run out and try to change your entire game overnight. Evaluate what needs to be done – physically, mentally and emotionally to move up a level – and create the steps to get there. It will be a gradual process and almost guaranteed won’t be a straight line.

Some Ideas to Start Expanding Your Comfort Zone

Face Your Fears: Stepping out of your comfort zone will probably cause some fear, and the dreaded “what ifs” are the downfall of many players.

  • What if I fail?
  • What if I really can’t do this?
  • What if I’m not good enough?

Stay in the moment and do things slowly and purposefully. A committed plan with reasonable milestones will give you the confidence to get to a new place.

Comfort Zone Image 2Change Your Routine: You can begin growing your comfort zone through small changes in your approach to the game, adding 45 minutes each week in short game practice, taking one lesson per week working on building limitations, or getting to the course 30 minutes early to warm up. Break out of your normal routine to help break through mental barriers. Create a goal to perform a new swing movement, task, or practice regime each week.

Get Out of Your Own Way: See yourself in a new light, because you probably put self-induced limits on yourself. The truth is that sometimes you’ve just got to get out of your own way. If you begin seeing yourself as a better player, chances are you will be. Raise your opinion of your game and yourself and you will set the table for better performance.

Time to Change: Comfort feels all cozy and warm when you’re in it, but it’s also a double-edged sword. Stay comfortable for too long and you begin to get bored, lazy and too satisfied. If you want to improve, avoid being a walking golf zombie: just another “D” player that does what he/she has always done. Challenge your status quo, push your limits and you’ll see the game in a new light.

It won’t be easy, but I think you’ll like the results.

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John Haime is the President of New Edge Performance. He's a Human Performance Coach who prepares performers to be the their best by helping them tap into the elusive 10 percent of their abilities that will get them to the top. This is something that anyone with a goal craves, and John Haime knows how to get performers there. John closes the gap for performers in sports and business by taking them from where they currently are to where they want to go.  The best in the world trust John. They choose him because he doesn’t just talk about the world of high performance – he has lived it and lives in it everyday. He is a former Tournament Professional Golfer with professional wins. He has a best-selling book, “You are a Contender,” which is widely read by world-class athletes, coaches and business performers.  He has worked around the globe for some of the world’s leading companies. Athlete clients include performers who regularly rank in the Top-50 in their respective sports. John has the rare ability to work as seamlessly in the world of professional sports as he does in the world of corporate performance. His primary ambition writing for GolfWRX is to help you become the golfer you'd like to be. See www.johnhaime.com for more. Email: john@newedgeperformance.org

19 Comments

19 Comments

  1. kik hack spy tool

    Oct 2, 2015 at 3:19 am

    Many players often join to play with their friends who
    are at a higher level and will have to play non-stop to get to a high enough level to join them.

  2. Philip

    Jul 3, 2015 at 5:49 pm

    A lot of truth in the concept of comfort zones. I see it plentiful within myself and others around me. However, for golf it does not apply to me as I have deliberately decided a few years ago when I got back into golf to always push myself outside my comfort zone to prove to myself how good I could be at something if I worked hard at it, kept setting higher goals, and never quit. Occasionally, I think that it would be more enjoyable if I just settled into a comfort zone and cruised, but I already do that too much in my life. My golf journey is a catalyst to living and to stop just existing.

  3. DrCRHop

    Jun 30, 2015 at 11:03 am

    Unfortunately, mice and rats are not humans. And even though they can and are used in studies, many of those do not translate to humans. Anxiety studies are notoriously wrought with issues trying to translate rodents to humans. So, although you quote the person from the NIH, and what they said is true in some instances, any study to do with the CNS (anxiety/depression/etc) are not translatable. Mice are not small rats, and rats are not small people. Quite a stretch the tie them together.

    • John Haime

      Jun 30, 2015 at 2:03 pm

      Hey Dr.CRHop,

      Would be pleased to take this offline with you and explain. Conversation definitely getting away from the original intention. A focus on mice is not the focus to help GolfWRX readers with their game.

      As you know, Yerkes Dodson is the most quoted experiment in psychology in the area of optimal anxiety and the parabolic performance curve. If I am stretching this – some of the leading psychologists in history have also done the same thing – so I’m in good company (:

      Would be pleased to help you with your game and how you might play better.

      Cheers!

  4. Alex

    Jun 30, 2015 at 9:03 am

    This “comfort zone” theory seems to be true when you talk about amateur golf. I’m a lower single digit handicap so at my club I’m at the top of the pyramid. I feel ok about that. Could I play better? Yes, of course, but It’d imply working harder at my golf.

    The bracket next to the top at my club always wants a more inclusive Club Championship. They say more players need to have a possibility to compete. That’s classic comfort zone. They don’t think “If I work harder I can reach the upper echelon”

    In golf if you want to seriously improve you need to peel your ass off and you need to have goals to meet. Most amateurs don’t take lessons, they check on the internet for quick fixes, or they buy the magical club. That’s the path to failure.

    It’s not necessary to be gifted to be an accomplished player. It’s all about attitude.

    • John Haime

      Jun 30, 2015 at 4:06 pm

      Good points Alex. Yes, goals – defining them and the plan to reach them is a good step in expanding comfort zone.

      And yes, great point. Attitude is key.

      Cheers.

  5. other paul

    Jun 28, 2015 at 10:47 pm

    When ever i think that a hole is important I mess it up. I much prefer to write my score on a little piece of paper in my pocket and not actually read it. Then total it at the end.

  6. May be typos

    Jun 28, 2015 at 9:18 am

    anyone can be great at golf,
    They just need the right nail drill

  7. James Fairbank

    Jun 28, 2015 at 7:34 am

    The Yerkes-Dodson law is an outdated and simplified explanation of the anxiety/performance relationship. The notion of “stepping outside of your comfort zone” is not an original thought either, and has been replicated (I’m assuming unsourced) over and over on many different pop psychology blogs. I encourage anyone to google the phrases “comfort zone where the magic happens” or “your comfort zone real life” and notice the countless images that pop-up expressing these ideas to see what I’m talking about. I am curious to read more information and the expansion to the theory, which you offered in a comment above.

    • John Haime

      Jun 29, 2015 at 1:55 pm

      Hi James,

      Thanks for the comments.

      As you know, there is only so much detail that can be included in a short article. The Yerkes Dodson experiment is a good illustration of the performance/anxiety relationship – and important because it was the initial structure for other work. Articles here are to inspire thought, consider the subject, consider how it might apply to you and create some action. My role here is to introduce, inspire further thought and give some potential solutions. I am hoping readers will consider the subject, see it is important and be inspired to learn more.

      Expansion of comfort zone is more relevant than stepping outside of a comfort zone. Everyone has a comfort zone – but expanding beyond the current state is the key.

      Please email me at john@newedgeperformance.org and happy to send you more detailed info related to this area.

      Thanks again James,

      John

  8. Alex

    Jun 27, 2015 at 12:33 pm

    Great article. It’s got me thinking…

  9. 4pillars

    Jun 26, 2015 at 2:45 pm

    The 1908 experiment By Yerks and Dobson was on mice,

    Couldn’t you cone up with more relevant real data

    • John Haime

      Jun 26, 2015 at 3:23 pm

      Thanks 4pillars.

      Yes, Yerkes/Dodson – two noted psychologists originally conducted the experiment on mice. It was to start the argument that stimulation up to certain levels increases performance – but stimulation above certain levels can cause decrease in performance. Directly related to comfort zone and finding your own space to expand you comfort zone. Based on this initial reseach – the introduction of the concept of “Optimal Anxiety” was introduced, many others have validated that this is indeed relevant in performance.

      The Yerkes/Dodson work points out the roots of the work – much expansion since then.

      Would be pleased to provide more info if required.

      The idea of comfort zone is a great topic and has been looked at closely in performance.

      The best to you,

      John

      • John Haime

        Jun 26, 2015 at 3:36 pm

        One more quick note 4pillars – directly from Live Science …

        The reason rodents are used as models in medical testing is that their genetic, biological and behavior characteristics closely resemble those of humans, and many symptoms of human conditions can be replicated in mice and rats. “Rats and mice are mammals that share many processes with humans and are appropriate for use to answer many research questions,” said Jenny Haliski, a representative for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare.

        Mice also make efficient research animals because their anatomy, physiology and genetics are well-understood by researchers, making it easier to tell what changes in the mice’s behaviors or characteristics are caused by.

      • John Haime

        Jun 26, 2015 at 4:06 pm

        4Pillars – one more piece of info FYI – that might help … research often begins with mice to demonstrate ideas …

        A primary reason mice are used as models in medical testing is that their genetic, biological and behavior characteristics closely resemble those of humans, and many symptoms of human conditions can be replicated in mice and rats. “Rats and mice are mammals that share many processes with humans and are appropriate for use to answer many research questions,” said Jenny Haliski, a representative for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare.

        Mice also make efficient research animals because their anatomy, physiology and genetics are well-understood by researchers, making it easier to tell what changes in the mice’s behaviors or characteristics are caused by.

  10. ca1879

    Jun 26, 2015 at 10:00 am

    Nice little fantasy, but most people play at the level that their talent and preparation allow. The reason you saw the same faces in the same groups year after year is dead obvious. They weren’t in their comfort zone, they were in their talent zone. All the pop psychology in the world isn’t going to turn a duffer into a club champion.

    • MHendon

      Jun 26, 2015 at 11:00 am

      Not entirely true. I for one tend to start playing poorly when I have a few holes left and I’m a shot or two under par at that point. I’ll swear I’m not feeling the pressure but it happens almost every time. One of my best examples of that is a few years ago going into the 18th a par five at my home course I was 3 under thinking par ties my best, birdie gives me a new best. I ended up quadruple bogeying it. The crazy thing is the week before and the week after when it didn’t matter I eagled the hole.

    • John Haime

      Jun 26, 2015 at 11:30 am

      Hey CA,

      Thanks for the comment and perspective.

      FYI – shifting comfort zone is not a fantasy. I do this every day with leading athletes and we generate results and change levels.

      I agree that someone with limited physical talent can jump to a level of club champion – but, if patient, with the right process, they can significantly shift their ability level.

      I think your comment really highlights the roadblocks I highlight in the article. If you don’t think you can do it – you never will. The subconscious mind is incredibly powerful and what you feed into it – comes out the other side.

      Thanks again for adding to the conversation.

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The 3 best ways to train your golf swing

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Understanding how to effectively train and practice is critical to transferring skills to the golf course.

In golf, I view training as a thoughtful, deliberate rehearsal of a motion to develop technique. This is better rehearsed away from the golf course. Practicing golf consists of developing your skill to take to the golf course—an example being learning to hit shots in certain winds and shot shaping.

“A lawyer will train to be a lawyer, then he or she will practice law” – The Lost Art of Golf

I find the below examples the best ways to train effectively. These techniques will also help facilitate a swing change and make your training and practice more efficient.

Mirror Work

I like my student to implement what I call “mirror work”. This is done by looking into a mirror from the face-on position.

This is a great way to get external feedback (information delivered from an outside source). Learning by external feedback will help facilitate the required body movement to produce a particular shot. It’s also a cheap and effective way to train. Research suggests observation in a mirror is considered external, so the use of mirrors will elicit external feedback, enhancing the learning process.

I prefer students to only check positions from the face-on view. If a player starts checking positions in a mirror from down-the-line, moving your head to look in the mirror can cause your body to change positions, losing the proper direction of turn.

Train Slow

Learning a new motion is best trained slow. At a slower speed, it is easier to monitor and analyze a new motion. You will have increased awareness of the body and where the shaft is in space. At a faster speed, this awareness is more difficult to obtain.

I often use the analogy of learning how to drive a car. First, you took time to learn how to position your hands on the wheel and position your foot next to the break. When comfortable, you put the car in motion and began to drive slowly. Once you developed the technique, you added speed and took the car on the freeway.

In martial arts, there are three speeds taught to students: Slow-speed for learning, medium speed for practice and fast speed for fighting. Again, the movement was trained slow to start. Once comfortable, the motion was put into combat. This should be similar to golf.

Finding Impact

Use an impact bag to get the feeling of impact and an efficient set-up. If you don’t have an impact bag, a spare car tire, bean bag or something light and soft that can be pushed along the ground can be used.

I like to refer to the impact bag as a “Push bag”. Start by setting up into the bag, lightly pressing the shaft into the bag. You will notice how your trail arm slightly tucks in and as your right shoulder drops below the left with your body leaning forward, an efficient set-up.

To get the feeling of impact swing the club back and down into the bag while maintaining your body shape. Don’t move the bag by hitting it, rather pushing it. Note how you maintain your wrist angles while pushing the bag (not flipping) and the right side of your body moves through impact.

Train your swing with these three training techniques to play better golf.

@KKelley_golf

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How posture influences your swing

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S0 what exactly is posture and how can it alter your swing? Posture is often the origin to a player’s swing pattern. I like to look at posture as the form of the body from the front view and down the line position at address.

“Shape” in posture is the angles our body creates at address. This includes the relationship between the upper and lower half of our bodies. This article will examine the importance of this shape from the face on view.

For an efficient posture that creates a simple, powerful, and repeatable swing, I like a player’s shape to be set into what I call their “hitting angles.” Hitting angles are similar to the impact position. In the picture below, note the body angles at address highlighted in green.

Once we are set into these hitting angles, the goal of the backswing is to maintain these angles, coiling around the spine. When these angles are maintained in the backswing, the club can return to impact in a more dynamic form of our set-up position. This creates minimal effort that produces speed and repeatability—essentially doing more with less.

The further we set up away from these hitting angles, our bodies will have to find impact by recovering. This is often where a player’s swing faults can occur. We want our body to react to the target in the golf swing, not recover to strike the ball.

Think of a baseball player or football player throwing a ball. When the athlete is in their throwing position, they can simply make the movement required to throw the ball at their intended target. If their body is contorted or out of position to make the throw, they must re-position their body (more movement) to get back into their throwing position, thus making them less accurate and powerful.

The good news about working on your posture is that it is the easiest part to control in the swing. Posture is a static motion, so our body will respond to 100 percent of what our mind tells it to do. It’s talentless.

Here is a simple routine to get you into these hitting angles.

To start, tuck in your trail arm making it shorter and below the lead arm, which makes your trail shoulder lower than the lead shoulder. This will give you the proper shape of the arms and wrist angles. Pictured right is Ben Hogan.

With these arm angles, bend from the hips to the ball and bump your body slightly forward towards the target getting ‘into yourself’. You may feel pressure on your lead foot, but your upper half will still remain behind the ball. Note the picture below with the blue lines.

Practice this drill using a mirror in front of you, head up looking into the mirror. Research has shown mirror work enhances motor skills and performance. Anytime you have external-focus based feedback, the learning process will escalate.

There are a lot of different postures on the PGA Tour and many ways to get the job done. There are no cookie-cutter swings, and players have different physiology. However, research and history have shown that an efficient posture gives us the best chance for solid contact and our desired ball flight. Work hard on the areas that are easiest to control: the set-up.

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Golf 101: How to chip (AKA “bump and run”)

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Although golf for a beginner can be an intimidating endeavor, and learning how to chip is part of that intimidation, this is one part of the game that if you can nail down the fundamentals, not only can you add some confidence to your experience but also you lay down a basic foundation you can build on.

How to chip

The chip shot, for all intents and purposes, is a mini-golf swing. To the beginner, it may seem like a nothing burger but if you look closely, it’s your first real way to understand contact, launch, spin, compression, and most importantly the fundamentals of impact.

What is a chip shot? A pitch shot?

Chip: A shot that is hit typically with anything from a 3-iron to a lob wedge that launches low, gets on the ground quickly, and rolls along the surface (like a putt) to the desired location.

Pitch: A shot that is hit typically with anything from a PW to a lob wedge that launches low- to mid-trajectory that carries a good portion of the way to your desired location and relies on spin to regulate distance.

Now that we have separated the two, the question is: How do I chip?

Since we are trying to keep this as simple as possible, let’s just do this as a quick checklist and leave it at that. Dealing with different lies, grass types, etc? Not the purpose here. We’re just concerned with how to make the motion and chip a ball on your carpet or at the golf course.

Think “rock the triangle”

  1. Pick a spot you want the ball to land. This is for visualization, direction and like any game you play, billiards, Darts, pin the tail on the donkey, having a target is helpful
  2. For today, use an 8-iron. It’s got just enough loft and bounce to make this endeavor fun.
  3. Grip the club in your palms and into the lifelines of your hands. This will lift the heel of the club of the ground for better contact and will take your wrists out of the shot.
  4. Open your stance
  5. Put most of your weight into your lead leg. 80/20 is a good ratio
  6. Ball is positioned off your right heel
  7. Lean the shaft handle to your left thigh
  8. Rock the shoulders like a putt
  9. ENJOY!

Check out this vid from @jakehuttgolf to give you some visuals.

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