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The Top 10 Short Game Mistakes

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Over the years of instructing, I have noticed many things that people tend to do incorrectly within their short games that continues to cost these players shot after shot, day after day! It pains me to see these wasted shots; furthermore, it screws up your round.

The short game experts have noted for years that improving the short game is the best way to lower your scores and your subsequent handicap — so I urge you to give it a try!

Below you will find the “Top 10 Short Game Mistakes” that I see day after day in my instructional academies. These mistakes below affect the beginning golfer, as well as the single-digit handicapper. Thus, these tips will give you lifelong success around the greens regardless of who you are. Enjoy!

Putting

PutterSlap

The “Hand Slap”

The Hand Slap

If you look at the address position of your hands in the mirror, you will notice that the forward wrist is for all intents and purposes “flat,” while the rear wrist is bent. This allows the hands to lead and power the shaft and putter head during the stroke. When these alignments are maintained into the backstroke, at impact and into the follow-through, you will have much better control of the direction and speed of your putts. Remember that the forward hand controls the direction that the ball leaves the blade, while the rear hand controls the loft of the blade; thus, if you can’t control your impact alignments you will surely fail on the greens.

In the mirror, practice making strokes monitoring these alignments. You will notice that when you do, your putter blade will have a very solid stroke path driven by the shoulders. At the finish, you should see the same wrist alignments that you began with. But if you see that the rear wrist is flat and the forward wrist is bent, then you will have the dreaded “hand slap” that causes many people to putt poorly. This is a “look, look, look” situation and all it takes to eliminate this slap once and for all is a few daily strokes in the mirror monitoring your hands.

The Illusion of the Putter shaft

IllusofPuttershaft

A putter shaft position that is too far behind the ball.

If you address the putter in the mirror and look down, you will see that from the player’s eyes the club shaft looks perpendicular to the ground. However, if you look up in the mirror you will see that the shaft is leaning backwards slightly. This is the Illusion of the putter shaft.

Putter manufacturers have placed the shaft behind the blade for whatever reasons, but it is up to the player to understand this illusion because it is different with all putters. If you do not, then you will always place the hands behind the putter head at address and find it impossible for the hands to lead the club through impact.

A good rule of thumb is to forward press your hands to the first belt-loop of the belt buckle toward your target. This usually puts the putter shaft into better position. You must take the time to use your eyes and your mirror to understand this principle, because only you know what you see from above. So you must decipher the correct position of your hands and club shaft even though the eyes are receiving poor information due to the “Illusion of the putter shaft.”

Chipping

ChippingUp

The proper ball position for a chip shot.

The Ball’s Position

The most deadly mistake in chipping is the dreaded chili-dip. I hate to see anyone slap at it and move the ball about two feet, because to your score it is almost as deadly as the outright shank!

Whenever I see the chili-dip, I usually notice one thing right from the start, even before the backstroke has begun — the ball’s position. In order to hit a chip effectively, you must have the ball in front of your rear foot so that you can impart a descending blow to the ball while using the proper type of swing that will be described below. Most of the time I notice in my chipping lessons that the ball is center to forward in the stance. That’s asking … begging to be mishit!

Please take the time and place the ball in the proper position in your stance from the beginning or you will have a tougher time with chipping than you really need to have. It is from this distance that you should be thinking about making a few from off the green, not struggling to hit it solidly.

Use a Putting Stroke, NOT a Hit

ChippingHit

What a “hit” will look like in the mirror.

Now that you have the ball in the correct position, directly in front of your rear toe, the next thing is to give the club the ability to produce very solid and controllable shots while this close to the green. The biggest mistake I see with chipping, next to the improper ball position, is using a “hitting” type of motion as you would use in your full swing. That causes the impact alignments (mentioned in the putting section) to break down. This soft shot requires a “putting” stroke where the hands are dead with no wrist break on the way back or through. This is the key to chipping well and the biggest mistake I see from day to day.

The “hit” will cause your hands to become overactive through the ball and this will cause the ball to leave the blade in an uncontrolled fashion. Around the greens, especially in chipping, you need all the “touch” possible because if you are this close to the green you should at least get up and down 50 percent of the time or more. Use your putting stoke and you will see just how much easier this will become!

Pitching

Pitching3BPositions

Higher-flying shots call for more forward ball positions.

The Role of the Ball’s Position

The first question I ask anyone trying to hit a pitch shot is what trajectory are they going to use? If they can answer that question, then the next question I ask them is what ball position accommodates the trajectory they are trying to use?

Ninety percent of the time I see players trying to hit pitch shots with the ball in the rear of their stances. This is fine if you are trying to hit it low, but if you have another trajectory in mind then you will have to manipulate your weight and/or hands through the ball, which is an unreliable action at best. I will give you a simple way to hit the ball varying trajectories — by moving the ball around in your stance. Yes, there are other ways to hit the ball higher or lower, but this is the most foolproof way I know to keep it very simple.

If you are trying to hit the ball high, put the ball in the forward portion of your stance. If you are trying to hit the ball your normal height then place the ball under your sternum. Finally, if you desire to hit the ball lower, place the ball in the rear portion of your stance. These three simple ball positions must match up with the shot you are trying to hit or you are history around the greens for sure.

The Shank

In-to-out shank drill.

The in-to-out shank drill.

Nothing in the world can ruin your day faster than the shank for sure, but in order to get out of this dilemma you must first understand WHY you are shanking it. Article after article has been written about techniques that get you out of the shanks, but few I have read address the real problem — the swing’s path.

When you shank the ball, your swing path is either either moving severely in-to-out or out-to-in.Whatever the reason for it, the bottom line is that if you don’t know what swing path you are using to shank the ball then you’re not going to have a lot of luck fixing the shanks! There are two simple drills for the shanker:

In-to-out shanker: Place a head cover or board just outside your target line and you will be forced to make a better pivot motion through the ball. This will help fix the in-to-out path. This drill is very effective because it gives instant feedback as to when a golfer swings too much from the inside. If they do, they hit the headcover.

Out-to-in shanker: Place a headcover just outside the ball but angle it toward right field (for the right-handed golfer). Try and make swings from the inside and hit the extreme inside of the ball, but don’t hit the headcover. This will force your swing path to be from the inside — not over the top as you have swung in the past.

Out-to-in shank drill.

The out-to-in shank drill.

These two drills work best if you start with small pitch shots and work op from there SLOWLY. You must gain your confidence first, and then you can add speed!

Bunkers

BunkerRTilt

Improper Side Bending at Address

It seems that most people tend to hit the ball fat or thin out of the bunkers. If you seem to always hit it fat, then this is the tip for you. In the regular shot set-up, you will always have your spine leaning rearward, but in bunkers you want just the opposite. Your spine in the bunker should lean slightly to the forward of center.

This causes the low point of your swing to occur later than normal, eliminating the fat shots. When you lean your spine too much to the rear at address, then you will find that your weight will tend to “hang back” through impact, increasing the probability that the low point of the swing arc will occur too early. That makes you hit fat shots.

This hang back will also cause many other things to happen, but if you want to avoid all these poor shots then just simply lean your spine to the left. Using the “line” drill and this new spine tilt you will be better able to track when the club bottoms out. This will help you to have consistency out of the bunkers like never before.

The “U” versus the “V”

When you hit the ball thin and over the green head high at Mach 1, then you will be like the millions of golfer who don’t understand the “angle of attack” and what it will do to the ball’s flight out of a bunker. Most golf shots are struck with a “U” type of action, where the club gently rises and falls, like the letter “U.”

A "U" shot.

A “U” shot.

But, in a bunker when you are trying to hit a softer shot to a tight pin, you must hit the sand first. To do this you must re-arrange your swing’s path to look like a “V.”

A "V" shot.

A “V” shot.

This quick setting of the wrists and steeper angle of attack will cause you to hit the sand behind the ball. Your job is to keep moving and not cut off the forward swing! If you are successful in changing your angle of attack, then you will notice that for shorter shots the “V” is best and for very long bunker shots, where a lower shot is more acceptable, the “U” will work as long as you set your wrists enough to hit the sand. Experiment and you will love the results!

The Mental Game

wie_15

Where to Leave the Ball

During schools, I see people hitting shots around the green with absolutely no regard for where they are leaving the ball. I would rather have a day of 10-foot uphill right-to-left putts (as a right-handed player) than a 5-foot downhill left-to-right sliding putt on fast greens. If you doubt this fact, come to the mountains and hit the ball above the hole!

Remember this: In darts you aim at a very small target on the board, not at the total board, and thus, your dispersion pattern is very tight to your target. Golf is the same way — if you just aim at the hole, you will have a wide array of shots and putts to make. But if you aim at a certain quadrant of the hole, then you will find a much tighter dispersion of shots, not to mention easier putts in general!

Dial-a-Shot

When people come up to the green and have a simple pitch, shot I usually see them grab the lob wedge and head off to the other side of the green to hit their shot. This is the last thing I try and have my students do! I want you to have options –“dial-a-shot” the pros call it– where you have one shot with several ideas on how to play it.

There are times where the shot calls for one type of execution, but your nerves call for another or vice-versa. If you only have one way to play shots around the greens, then you are severely limiting yourself on the golf course. Take the time to experiment with different clubs under different circumstances and you will see that sometimes a putter is a better choice over the 7 iron, or the lob wedge is better than the pitching wedge. Whatever the choice, take your time to think and identify what you are trying to do and you will be much happier with the results.

I hope by now you have seen that these mistakes plague many players from good to bad. Take your time and eliminate the top-10 mistakes and your scores will lower. I guarantee it!

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Tom F. Stickney II is the Director of Instruction and Business Development at Punta Mita, in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico (www.puntamita.com) He is a Golf Magazine Top 100 Teacher, and has been honored as a Golf Digest Best Teacher and a Golf Tips Top-25 Instructor. Tom is also a Trackman University Master/Partner, a distinction held by less than 15 people in the world. Punta Mita is a 1500 acre Golf and Beach Resort located just 45 minuted from Puerto Vallarta on a beautiful peninsula surrounded by the Bay of Banderas on three sides. Amenities include two Nicklaus Signature Golf Courses- with 14 holes directly on the water, a Golf Academy, four private Beach Clubs, a Four Seasons Hotel, a St. Regis Hotel, as well as, multiple private Villas and Homesites available. For more information regarding Punta Mita, golf outings, golf schools and private lessons, please email: tom.stickney@puntamita.com

5 Comments

5 Comments

  1. Golfraven

    May 14, 2014 at 5:42 pm

    After a not so great round today I see where I left the shots. Putting and chipping. I may switch to the cross handed grip to keep the front hand more straight and passive. I didnt strike it well on longer putts. I watched a video of Jordan Spieth chipping and he also talks about the ball position being more towards the rear foot.
    Through your great insight I am more aware of those fundamentals and I can pay more attention to it even when watching golf on TV.

  2. spencer

    Aug 7, 2013 at 12:14 am

    WRT to the ball position in pitch shots to control height – does the varying ball positions affect the amount of spin you can have on the ball? I would imagine that if I moved the ball forward to play a higher shot, that I would be catching it on the upswing and thus higher on the club face…would that make it spin less?

  3. Scott R

    Aug 5, 2013 at 9:12 pm

    Excellent article Tom – – I really enjoyed it. I’ve let several of these problems creep back into my game over time and these reminders will help eliminate some poor shots.

  4. Kevin P Donovan

    Aug 5, 2013 at 11:53 am

    Tom, thanks for the tips. I have had some tough rounds lately. More practice is in order and I will use some of your tried and true tips. Oh and thanks for talking us lefties thru your lessons. That is a rare treat, trust me I know.

    thanks, Kev

    • Jerry M. Priester

      Aug 7, 2013 at 7:14 pm

      Tom, I am really proud to be able to say that I have had you as a teacher. Granted it was a loooong time ago at Houston Levee Golf Club in Collierville Tennessee but I still remember the time. I have followed your career and hope to have a lesson from you again someday. Take care and hit them long and straight.
      Jerry Priester
      Priester And Associates, Inc..
      General Contractors

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Instruction

Stickney: Sit on it (for a better backswing)

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As we know golf, is a very tough sport and one that involves many moving pieces. Whenever something overreacts or moves too much on the way back, you end up playing catch-up on the way down. One of my favorite things to watch is how the head moves or doesn’t move on the backswing. Sure, you can have some movement, but you can’t have too much or you put yourself behind the eight ball.

I have charted the head position of a tour player at address and we can see that this is a very normal set up position. It is one that looks positioned to do great things.

However, en route to the top, you can see that this player has put himself into a position where his rear knee straightened too rapidly off the start of his backswing. When this occurs the pelvis “runs out from under” the upper body on the backswing the hips will react and begin to slant downward. (You can see a -10 degree tilt versus 3 degrees the opposite way at address for you number people.)

This causes the head to move out in front of where it was at address. This is not a bad position for the irons but for a driver we have a pending issue. If you don’t make a compensation from here then the player will have an angle of attack that is too much downward through impact with their driver.

As the player moves into his transition, the hips have leveled as the rear shoulder lowers the club into delivery but the head and pelvis are still too far out in front of the ball. The only thing you can do from here is fire the lead side upwards and hope that your head falls back into the correct position. If so, you will have the correct angle of attack, if not, you will chop down on the ball causing your launch conditions to be faulty.

And as we see here that this is precisely what this player did at the very last minute…not the easiest way to swing the club but it is functional IF you make the right correction. So, now that you understand how simple things like the action of the lower body can cause your head to move and your angle of attack to become faulty, what is the secret to controlling your lower body?


Just “sit” on the rear knee flex slightly longer during the backswing as you see here. This will slow down the tilting of the pelvis on backswing and thus your head will stay more in position en route to the top.

Personally, I teach both flexion and extension of the rear knee to the top, depending on what the player is wanting to do, so it really does not matter. However, what does matter is the rate at which it begins to straighten for those of you who do allow it to lengthen. I try to make most of my students hold the most of their address flex until the club moves between belt and chest high, any sooner and you risk the faulty pivot we saw above.

Therefore, take it from me and “sit on it” slightly longer for more quiet head motions as well as a more balanced backswing—your angle of attack will thank you!

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Instruction

Davies: Training the trail elbow in the golf swing

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Alistair Davies shares with you how to get the correct trail arm and elbow action in the downswing. He shares some great drills that can be done at the range or at home to help lower your scores.Get the correct training for the trail arm here today!

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Instruction

The important lessons you can learn from Peter Senior’s golf swing

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He may not be a household name in the United States, but Australia’s Peter Senior has a swing for the ages. At 60 years old, Senior has 34 worldwide professional wins including the 2015 Australian Masters beating a competitive field with several top-ranked players in the world. Turning professional in 1978, his career has spanned over 40 years.

Senior’s game and swing have stood the test of time, and the longevity of his career should be recognized. Senior formerly worked with Australian instructor Gary Edwin, and the structure to this swing taught to Senior paved the way for a future of consistent, high-quality professional golf.

Having a great golf swing isn’t the only key to becoming a great golfer, one must learn to play the game. However, you can learn a lot from Senior’s swing.

The origin to Senior’s swing lies in his set-up. Senior sets up in what I call his “hitting angles” or a position that mirrors impact.

From this position, Senior is able to simply keep these angles he established at address throughout the swing. This is why the set-up is so critical. The further he deviates from these “hitting angles”, the more he will have to find that impact position with his body in the backswing and downswing. In other words, more movement. The goal of his backswing will be to maintain these original starting angles.

From the picture, Senior has maintained his original body shape that he established at address. From this position, it will be much easier and repeatable to return the club to impact.

Note how his impact position now mirrors his original address position. All his original angles were maintained with a slight bump of the body towards the target. From impact, he can simply fold up his arms as his right side of his body rotates around his left side, keeping the clubface square to the body.

This standing tall finish position with the head following the torso is much easier on the back. His body has come forward and around beautifully, covering the ball for a proper strike.

The beauty of Senior’s swing lies in its simplicity. The changes Senior made to his swing can apply to anyone. Let’s look at two simple drills to make your swing more efficient and powerful.

“To a large extent, my backswing is a product of my set-up position” – Tiger Woods, Golf Digest 2020

To get into these impact angles simply practice pushing into an impact bag with the head and shaft of the club. Make sure your trail arm is tucked, lowering the trail shoulder as you pressure the bag.

To get the feeling of the proper coil from this set-up position, grab an impact bag and hold the bag in front of you.

From here, swing the bag around you with your arms keeping the top of the bag level. You will feel the trail side of your body move back and the lead side move out, coiling around your spine angle.

The trail glute will also move back and around with this drill, a key move the great Ben Hogan used to pivot his body. To develop an efficient swing and a long, injury-free career, take note of Peter Senior’s key moves.

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